Albania: population and cities
Countryaah website, Albania has around 3.2 million residents.
95% Albanians, 3% Greeks, 2% others, including Wlachs, Roma and some Serbs.
50% Muslim Sunnis, 20% Muslim Bektashi, 20% Orthodox, 10% Catholics.
The national language of Albania is Albanian (Shqip). In addition, some
minority languages are spoken, such as B. Greek in the south and others
Capital, other cities
The capital of Albania is Tirana with a population of around 650,000.
Other cities are:
- Durrës with around 100,000 residents
- Elbasan with around 90,000 residents
- Shkodra with around 80,000 residents
- Vlora with around 80,000 residents
Albania: geography, map
Area and land use
Defined by DigoPaul, Albania covers an area of 28,748 km².
Around 38% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 15% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 26% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing wheat, maize, sugar beet, sorghum (black millet), barley, and
Albania is a very mountainous country with several mountain ranges: the
Northern Albanian Alps, which belong to the Dinaric Alps, the Korabi range
in the east of the country, the Tomori massif in the south and the Epirus
Mountains on the border with Greece.
National borders, length of coast
The country has a common border with a total of three states:
- Greece, with a length of around 280 km,
- North Macedonia with a length of around 150 km,
- Serbia and Montenegro with a length of around 290 km.
Albania has a sea coast with a length of around 365 km.
On the Albanian coast, the mean tidal range is only a few decimeters. For
detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy
in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay
of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New
Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose
capital is Halifax.
On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while
it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Albania extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 39º 17` to 42º 21` north latitude.
Δλ = from around 19º 25` to 21º east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Albania, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Tirana
Tirana lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 41.5 °.
If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Tirana, on
June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1
(see position of the sun):
41.5 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 72 °, the sun in Tirana has the highest level of the entire year above the
horizon (precisely: above the horizon).
The highest mountain in the country is the Korabi with a height of 2,751 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Jezerca with a height of 2,693 m
- Gramozi with a height of 2,503 m
The longest river in the country is the Drin with a length of around 285 km.
Other rivers in the country are:
- Seman with a length of around 281 km
- Vjosë with a length of around 272 km
- Shkubin with a length of around 181 km
- Mat with a length of around 115 km
- Ores and those with a length of around
Shkodra Lake (Skadar Lake)
The largest lake of Albania and the entire Balkan Peninsula is Shkodra Lake with
an area of about 368 km2. About a third of the area of the lake
belongs to Albania and two thirds to Montenegro.
The Ohridsee covers an area of around 348 km², less than a third of the lake
belongs to Albania and two thirds to Macedonia. the lake has a maximum depth of
around 250 m.
The Prespa Lake with an area of around 274 km² belongs to a small part in the
west to Albania, the largest part to Macedonia and a very small part in the
south to Greece.
The Butrintse is a salt water lagoon in southern Albania on the Ionian Sea. The
lake covers an area of around 16 km²
Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Mediterranean Sea
Albania borders the Adriatic Sea and the Ionian Sea, both of which are part of
the Mediterranean Sea.