Andorra: population and cities
Countryaah website, Andorra has approx. 86,200 residents.
The population in Andorra is made up of 44% Spaniards, 20% Catalans, 11%
Portuguese, 7% French and 18% of other nationalities.
About 92% of Andorra's residents are Catholic.
In Andorra Catalan is the main language spoken, with Spanish, French and
Portuguese as well.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Andorra is Andorra la Vella with a population
of around 22,300.
Other cities are:
Escaldes-Engordany with around 15,000
Encamp with around 10,000 residents.
Andorra: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul,
Andorra is a landlocked country and lies between France and Spain in
the middle of the Pyrenees.
The country stretches between 840 m (the lowest place in the country) - at Sant
JuliÓ de L˛ria on the Spanish border and 2,946 m - the summit of Pic de la Coma
Pedrosa. In total there are 65 peaks in the country with heights of over 2,000
m. The capital is Andorra la Vella, which is at an altitude of 1,000 m, making
it the highest capital in Europe.
The small state covers an area of 467.8 km². Thereof:
Around 23% of the country is forested
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 44% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land
- Arable land and fields
Around 4% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing tobacco and potatoes.
The small state has a common border with a total of two states:
- France with a length of around 57 km,
- Spain with a length of around 64 km.
Longitude and latitude
Andorra extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 42 ░ 25 'to 42 ░ 40' north latitude
Δλ = from 001 ░ 30 'to 001 ░ 47' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical
longitude and latitude.
For Andorra, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.
The highest point of the sun in Andorra la Vella
Andorra la Vella, the capital, lies at a northern latitude of φ = 42.5 ░
If the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 ░,
summer starts in Andorra la Vella, this is is June 21st. Then we get for the
highest position of the sun at noon:
42.5 ░ = (90 ░ - h) + 23.5 ░
At 71 ░, the sun in Andorra la Vella has the highest level of the entire year
above the horizon (precisely: above the horizon).
As already mentioned above, Andorra has 65 peaks with heights of over 2,000
Pic de la Coma Pedrosa
The highest mountain in the country is the Pic de la Coma Pedrosa with
a height of 2,946 m.
Other high mountains:
Puig de Roca Entrevessada with a height of 2,928 m, the
mountain lies on the border with Spain.
Pic de Serrera with a height of 2,914 m, the mountain lies on
the border with France
Pic de l'Éstanyo with a height of 2,912 m
Pic du Port with a height of 2,903 m, the mountain lies on the
border with France.
Tossa Plana with a height of 2,898 m, the mountain lies on the
border with Spain.
Pic dels Pessons with a height of 2,818 m
Pic Negre with a height of 2,701 m
Northern and Eastern Valira, Gran Valira
The northern and eastern Valira unite roughly in the middle of the country to
form the Gran Valira.
Arinsal, Riu MadrÝu
Other rivers in the country are the Arinsal in the northwest of the country and
the Riu MadrÝu in the south.
In Andorra there are no larger lakes worth mentioning.