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Austria

Austria Population and cities

Population

According to Countryaah website, Austria has approx. 8.7 million residents.

Austria Population and cities

Ethnic composition

In Austria there are around 91% Austrians and 9% foreigners without an Austrian passport - including 175,000 Germans, 117,000 Serbs, 116,000 Turks and 95,000 from Bosnia and Herzegovina. For example, 280,000 people are of Turkish origin

Religious affiliation

In Austria there are Catholics (73.6%), Protestants (4.7%), Muslims (4.2%), followers of Orthodox Churches (2.2%), Jews (0.1%) and people without a denomination (12%).

National languages

German is spoken in Austria. Illiteracy is below 5%.

Capital and other cities

The capital of Austria is Vienna with a population of around 1.8 million.

Other cities are:

  • Graz with around 236,000 residents
  • Linz with around 186,000 residents
  • Salzburg with around 146,000 residents
  • Innsbruck with around 115,000 residents
  • Klagenfurt with around 91,000 residents
  • Wels with around 91,000 residents
  • Villach with around 58,000 residents
  • St. Pölten with around 50,000 residents
  • Dornbirn with around 43,000 residents
  • Steyr with around 39,000 residents
  • Feldkirch with around 29,000 residents
  • Bregenz with around 27,000 residents
  • Leoben with around 26,000 residents
  • Wolfsberg with around 26,000 residents

Austria: map

National borders

Austria has a common border of 2,650 km with a total of eight countries:

Austria: map

  • Germany with a length of around 800 km,
  • Italy with a length of around 430 km,
  • Hungary with a length of around 208 km,
  • Czech Republic with a length of around 360 km,
  • Slovenia with a length of around 312 km,
  • Slovakia with a length of around 90 km,
  • of Switzerland km with a length of around 165,
  • Liechtenstein with a length of 35 km.

Defined by DigoPaul, Austria is a landlocked country and therefore has no access to the sea. The country covers a total area of 83,858 km².

Thereof:

  • Forest

    An area of around 3.92 million hectares of the country is forested area. That is over 46% of the total area.

  • Meadow and pasture land

    Around 24% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.

  • Arable land and fields

    Around 18% of the land is used as arable land or fields.

  • Mountains

    Austria is two-thirds occupied by the Eastern Alps. They are divided into the Northern Limestone Alps, the Central Alps and the Southern Limestone Alps.

Longitude and latitude

Austria extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from about 46 ° 20 'to 49 ° north latitude.

Δλ = from about 9 ° 30' to 17 ° 10 'east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

In Austria, Central European Time (CET) applies, i.e. the same time as in Switzerland and Germany, among others. The time difference Δt to CET is thus:

Δt (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Vienna

Vienna lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 48 ° N (exactly: 48 ° 12 'N). If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer starts in Vienna, June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

48 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °

so:

H = 65.5 °

At 65.5 °, the sun in Vienna has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).

Mountains

Austria has 900 peaks with an altitude of over 3,000 m. It should be noted, however, that some mountains have several peaks. In this respect, the number of mountains is not necessarily identical to that of the peaks.

Großglockner

The highest mountain in the country is the Großglockner in the Hohe Tauern with a height of 3,798 m. The mountain lies on the border between Carinthia and Tyrol. The first ascent of the mountain took place in 1800.

Wildspitze

The Wildspitze with a height of 3,768 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol. The first ascent of the mountain took place in 1848 by Leander Klotz from Rofen.

Weißkugel

The Weißkugel with a height of 3,738 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol on the border with South Tyrol in Italy

Kreuzerschneide

The Kreuzerschneide with a height of 3,677 m is located in the federal state

Teufelshorn

The Teufelshorn with a height of 3,677 m is located in the state

Großvenediger

The Großvenediger with a height of 3,662 m is located in the federal state

Rear Brochkogel

The Rear Brochkogel with a height of 3,628 m is located in the State

Rear blackness

The Rear blackness with a height of 3,624 m is located in the Oetztal Alps in Tyrol

Similaun

The Similaun with a height of 3,607 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Großes Wiesbachhorn

The Große Wiesbachhorn 3,564 m is located in the Hohe Tauern in the state of Salzburg

Rainerhorn

The Rainerhorn with a height of 3,560 m is located in the Hohe Tauern in the state of Tyrol

Großer Ramolkogel

The Große Ramolkogel with an altitude of 3,550 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Schalfkogel

The Schalfkogel with an altitude of 3,537 m is in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Wazespitze

The Wazespitze with a height of 3,533 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Hochvernagtspitze

The Hochvernagtspitze with a height of 3,526 m is in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Weißseespitze

The Weißseespitze with a height of 3,518 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Fineilspitze

The Fineilspitze with a height of 3,514 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Black wall

The black wall with a height of 3,511 m is located in the Hohe Tauern in the federal state

Teufelskamp

The Teufelskamp with a height of 3,510 m is located in the Hohe Tauern in the state

Hochfeiler

The Hochfeiler with a height of 3,510 m is located in the Zillertal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Zuckerhütl

The Zuckerhütl with a height of 3,507 m is located in the Stubai Alps in the state of Tyrol

Fluchtkogel

The Fluchtkogel with a height of 3,500 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol

Danube

Hardly any other country is as closely associated with the Danube as Austria, so people spoke of the Danube Monarchy and meant the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy. And of course the capital Vienna is on the Danube. And who does not know the waltz "On the beautiful, blue Danube", which was composed in 1897 by Johann Strauss.

With a length of around 350 km within Austria and a total length of 2,888 km from its source to its mouth, the Danube is the country's most important river. The river crosses the German-Austrian border shortly after Passau and leaves Austria about 45 km from Vienna to Slovakia and forms a piece of the border between the two countries before it flows through Bratislava.

The two rivers Brigach and Breg flow together near Donaueschingen in the Black Forest in Germany and form the Danube from there on. At 48 km, the Breg is the longer of the two source rivers and rises at an altitude of 1,078 m near the Martinskapelle near Furtwangen in the southern Black Forest. From here to the mouth of the Danube in the Black Sea, its length is 2,888 km. The second source river, the Brigach, has its source in the Brigach Valley near St. Gallen, also in the southern Black Forest. It is 42.7 km long to the confluence with the Breg. The Danube has the following major tributaries - sorted by length:

Left tributaries Length in km Right tributaries Length in km
Tisza 1,308 Save 945
Pru 953 Outside 749
Olt 737 Inn 517
Sere 596 - -
Ialomița 417 Iskar 368
Vah 403 Isar 295
March 358 Jantra 285
Timisoara 340 Lech 264
Jiu 331 Enns 254
Argeş 327 Rába 250
Hron 298 Timok 203
Ipel 233 Morava 185
Vedea 224 Leitha 180
Altmuehl 220 Traun 153
rain 169 Ybbs 130
Naab 165
Camp 153

There are also 11 Danube power plants in Austria.

Large cities on the Danube

The following large cities are located on the Danube:

  • Ulm, Ingolstadt, Regensburg (Germany)
  • Linz, Vienna (Austria)
  • Bratislava (Slovakia)
  • Budapest (Hungary)
  • Novi Sad, Belgrade (Serbia)
  • Russian (Bulgaria)
  • Brăila, Galaţi (Romania)

More rivers

Enns

The Enns is 254 km long and has its source in the Radstädter Tauern at the foot of the Kraxenkogel (1,735 m) in the state of Salzburg. It flows into the Danube between the towns of Enns and Mauthausen in Upper Austria.

Inn

The Inn is a 517 km long right tributary of the Danube. At Passau it flows into the Danube. It arises from several sources on the Swiss Malojapass - southwest of the Lunghinsee in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

The following Austrian cities are located on the Inn River (alphabetically):

Braunau in Upper Austria

Hall in Tirol

Imst in Tirol

Innsbruck in Tirol

Kufstein in Tirol

Landeck in Tirol

Rattenberg in Tirol

Schärding in Upper Austria

Schwarz in Tirol

Wörgl in Tirol

Isar

The 295 km long Isar is a river that rises in Austria in the Karwendel Mountains in the state of Tyrol at an altitude of around 1,660 m and flows into the Danube in Deggendorf in Lower Bavaria. The most famous city on the Isar is without a doubt Munich.

Lech

The Lech is a right tributary of the Danube and flows through Germany as well as Austria. The roughly 264 km long river has its source in the state of Vorarlberg in Austria, then flows through the state of Tyrol and flows into the Danube near Rain (southern Bavaria). The largest cities on the Lech are the two German cities of Landsberg am Lech and Augsburg, where the Wertach flows into the river.

March

The March is a tributary of the Danube and has a length of 358 km. In addition to Austria, it also passes through the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Its origin is in Moravia at the 1,425 m high Glatzer Schneeberg in Moravia/Czech Republic. It flows into the Danube opposite Hainburg an der Donau in the federal state of Lower Austria near Bratislava - the capital of Slovakia. In addition to Bratislava, the larger city of Olomouc in the Czech Republic lies on the river

Mur

The 453 km long Mur flows through Austria, Slovenia and Croatia and partly forms the border between the three countries. The source of the river is located at an altitude of around 1,900 m southeast of the Murtörl (2,260 m) in the Radstädter Tauern in the state of Salzburg. Its confluence with the Drava is located near Legrad on the Croatian-Hungarian border. The Austrian cities of Loeben and Graz in the federal state of Styria lie on the river

Salzach

The 225 km long Salzach is a tributary of the Inn, into which it flows near Haiming in the Altötting district in Upper Bavaria. Its source is located on the 2,469 m high Salzach vulture on the edge of the Kitzbühel Alps - on the border of the federal states of Salzburg and Tyrol.

The following Austrian cities are located on the Salzach (alphabetically):

Bischofshofen in the state of Salzburg

Hallein in the state of Salzburg

Salzburg in the state of Salzburg

Sankt Johann im Pongau in the state of Salzburg

Zell am See in the state of Salzburg

Traun

The Traun is a 153 km long tributary of the Danube. It rises in the so-called Traunursprung in the Eastern Alps in Styria and flows into the Danube near Linz - the provincial capital of Upper Austria.

Ybbs

The Ybbs is a 130 km long tributary of the Danube. It rises near the Mariazell pilgrimage site in Styria. It flows into the Danube at "Ybbs an der Donau" in Lower Austria.

Lakes

Neusiedler See

The largest lake belonging to Austria and Hungary is the Neusiedler See with an area of about 300 km². After Lake Balaton, it is the largest steppe lake in Europe. A somewhat poetic person described him as follows: The large muddy lake with an average depth of approx. 1 m and a maximum depth of around 1.80 m lies like a large flat plate in a gentle, melancholy landscape, on whose fields sunflowers grow and vines that are precisely aligned militarily lose themselves in the distance. At the Seefestspiele in Mörbisch on the southwestern shore of the lake in the federal state of Burgenland, operettas are performed annually (2007 for the 50th time). Around 200,000 people attended the "Bayreuth Festival of Operetta" at the lake in 2007. The Hofgassen of Mörbisch are part of the Unesco World Heritage Site.

Lake Constance

The largest lake in Austria is Lake Constance with an area of 571 km². The Lake Rhine, between Kreuzlingen and Konstanz, and the Untersee are divided by a border between Switzerland and Germany. The Überlinger See is part of Germany. The rest of the lake with a depth of more than 25 m is jointly managed as a so-called condomium by Austria, Germany and Switzerland. All three states have sovereign rights in this sea area.

Other lakes are:

  • Attersee with an area of around 46 km²
  • Traunsee with an area of around 24 km²
  • Wöhrtersee with an area of around 19.4 km²
  • Millstättersee with an area of around 13 km²
  • Wolfgangsee with an area of around 13 km²

 

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