You are here: Top Engineering Schools > Europe > Belarus

Belarus

Belarus Population and cities

Population

According to Countryaah website, Belarus has around 9.5 million residents.

Belarus Population and cities

Ethnic composition

About 84% of the country's residents are Belarusians, another 8% are Russians. The roughly 3% Poles and 2% Ukrainians mostly live near the respective national borders. The remaining minorities include Latvians, Gypsies (mainly Jerli), Lithuanians and Slovaks.

Religious affiliation

About 50% of the country's residents are Russian Orthodox Christians, another 10% are Roman Catholic. A large proportion of the people - around 40% - are non-denominational. In addition, there are minorities of Protestants, Jews and Muslims (mostly Tatars).

National languages

Russian and Belarusian are the country's official languages. Russian is the predominant language spoken in the cities.

Capital and other cities

The capital of Belarus is Minsk with around 1.9 million residents.

Other larger cities are:

  • Homel with around 480,000 residents
  • Vitebsk with around 345,000 residents
  • Mahiljou with around 365,000 residents
  • Hrodna with around 315,000 residents
  • Brest with around 300,000 residents

Belarus: geography

Brief overview

The following sections provide interesting data on the geography of Belarus, including an overview map and data on the country's borders and cities. A representation of the Memel as well as the Prypiat and Bjaresina can be found here.

Belarus: geography

National borders

Belarus borders the following five states:

  • Latvia with a length of 141 km
  • Lithuania with a length of 502 km
  • Poland with a length of 407 km
  • Russia with a length of 959 km
  • Ukraine with a length of 891 km.

Area and land use

Defined by DigoPaul, Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. The landscape of Belarus is the result of Ice Age glaciers, which retreated into this flat, gently undulating terrain with its numerous rivers and lakes.

The country covers an area of 207,595 km².

Forest

Around 35% of the country is forested. About half of the tree population are pines, about 20% birch, each about 10% fir and alder, and above all oak and other hardwoods as well as aspens. The country's forest stands are increasing.

Meadow and pasture land

Around 15% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.

Arable land and fields

Around 25% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing potatoes as well as grain, fodder crops and flax.

Swamp

There are numerous swamp areas in Belarus. The Palessje swamps in the south of the country, once the largest swamp area in Europe, have now largely been drained. A large part of the forests is also swampy or muddy. Around 13% of the land is moorland.

Longitude and latitude

Belarus extends over the following geographical latitude (abbrev.) And geographical longitude (abbrev.):

Δ φ = from 51 19 'to 56 09' north latitude

 

Δ λ = from 23 12 'to 33 44' east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical longitude and latitude.

Time

For Belarus, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δ t (CET) = + 1 h

More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Minsk

Minsk lies at a north latitude of around φ = 54 .

When the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at φ = 23.5 , summer begins in Minsk, this is June 21. Then there is the highest position of the sun at noon according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun)

54 = (90 - h) + 23.5

so:

H = 59.5

This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that the sun has within the year in Minsk.

Mountains, Dzerzinskaya

Dzerzinskaja

The highest mountain or the highest elevation in Belarus is the Dzerzinskaja with a height of 346 m.

Lysaya

Another elevation is the Lysaya with a height of 342 m.

Rivers, Dnepr, Memel

Dnepr

The longest river in the country is the Dnepr with a length of 2,285 km. It is the third largest river in Europe, flows further into the Ukraine and there flows into the Black Sea.

Memel

The Memel has a total length of 937 km. It rises southwest of Minsk on the Belarusian ridge, which reaches heights of up to 346 m. The Memel divides west of Tilsit (Kalinigrad Oblast) into its delta arms Ruß (north) and Gilge (south). The lower reaches of the Memel and the northern part of the Memel Delta form the border between Lithuania and the Russian "Oblast Kaliningrad".

Other rivers are:

  • Pripyat with a length of 775 km
  • Bjaresina with a length of 613 km (tributary of the Dnepr)

Lakes

There are over 10,000 lakes in Belarus. Most of them are in the north and form the so-called Belarusian Lake District.

Naratsch

There is also the largest lake in the country, the Naratsch, with an area of 79.2 km².

Vilejka reservoir

In addition, 145 reservoirs were built. The largest of these is the Vilejka reservoir with an area of 75 km².

 

Africa

Algeria Angola
Benin Botswana
Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands
Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros
D.R. Congo Djibouti
Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia
Ghana Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya
Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria
Reunion Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia
South Africa South Sudan
Sudan Suriname
Swaziland Tanzania
Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia
Zimbabwe  

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia
Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Bhutan
Brunei Cambodia
China Cyprus
East Timor Georgia
Hong Kong India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Israel
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Lebanon Macau
Malaysia Maldives
Mongolia Myanmar
Nepal North Korea
Oman Pakistan
Palestine Philippines
Qatar Saudi Arabia
Singapore South Korea
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Vietnam
Yemen  

Europe

Aland Albania
Andorra Austria
Belarus Belgium
Bulgaria Croatia
Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland
France Germany
Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland
Italy Kosovo
Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg
Macedonia Malta
Moldova Monaco
Montenegro Netherlands
Norway Poland
Portugal Romania
Russia San Marino
Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
Sweden Switzerland
Ukraine Vatican City

North America

Canada Greenland
Mexico United States

Central America

Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas Barbados
Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba British Virgin Islands
Costa Rica Curacao
Dominica Dominican Republic
Ecuador El Salvador
Guadeloupe Guatemala
Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Martinique
Montserrat Panama
Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

South America

Argentina Bolivia
Brazil Chile
Colombia French Guiana
Guyana Nicaragua
Paraguay Peru
Uruguay Venezuela

Oceania

Australia American Samoa
Cook Islands Easter Island
Fiji Falkland Islands
Guam French Polynesia
Kiribati Marshall Islands
Micronesia Nauru
New Caledonia New Zealand
Niue Northern Mariana Islands
Palau Pitcairn
Samoa Papua New Guinea
Tokelau Solomon Islands
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna
Top 50 Engineering Schools in Asia

Copyright 2020 Top Engineering Schools All Right Reserved.