Belgium: population and cities
Countryaah website, Belgium has around 11 million residents.
- Flemings 59%,
- Walloons 40%
- Germans around 1% (60,000)
- Others under 1% (mostly Europeans)
- Catholics approx. 8 million
- Protestants about 75,000
- Orthodox about 40,000
- Muslims about 400,000
- Jews about 35,000
The language dispute between the Walloons and Flemings, which is also a cultural
and economic dispute, is increasingly separating the French-speaking Walloons
from the Flemings living in the north. Meanwhile, there is more and more talk of
a separation of the country along the lines of the separation of what was then
- Dutch (Flemish 59%)
- French (Walloons 40%)
- German (Eupen-Malmedy 1%)
Capital, other cities
The capital of Belgium is Brussels (Bruxelles) with a
population of 1,160,500 in the metropolitan area.
Other cities are:
- Antwerp 448,700
- Ghent (Gent) 226,200
- Charleroi 200,600
- Liège 185.100
- Bruges (Bruges) 116,800
- Namur 105,400
Belgium: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Belgium has a common border with a total of 4 countries:
- Germany with a length of around 167 km,
- France with a length of around 620 km,
- Luxembourg with a length of around 148 km,
- Netherlands with a length of around 450 km.
Belgium has a coast to the North Sea with a length of around 66 km.
Belgium covers an area of around 30,528 km².
The mean tidal range on the Belgian coast is around 3 m. (For a detailed
explanation of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow).
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy
in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay
of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New
Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose
capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3
m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m,
while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Belgium extends over the following latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and longitude
|Δφ = from 49 ° 30 'to 51 ° 30' north latitude
Δλ = from 2 ° 32 'to 6 ° 24' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Central European Time (CET) or Central European Summer Time (CEST) applies to
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Brussels
Brussels lies at a north latitude of around φ = 51 °.
If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer will start in Brussels
on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to
Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
51 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 62.5 °, the sun has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon
(precisely: above the horizon).
Mountains or elevations
The highest mountain in the country is the Botrange with a height of
Another high mountain is the Baraque Michel with a height of 675 m.
The longest river in the country is the Meuse with a length of around
925 km. The Maas has its source.Other
rivers in the country are:
- Scheldt with a length of around 355 km (191 km national
- Semois with a length of around 210 km
- Leie with a length of around 202 km (109 km of the
- Sambre with a length of around 193 km
- Ourthe with a length of around 165 km
The North Sea
Belgium lies on the North Sea and has one of the largest ports in Europe with