Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia Herzegovina: population and cities
Countryaah website, Bosnia-Herzegovina has approx. 3.7 million residents.
Bosnians 48%, Serbs 37%, Croats 14%, other minorities 1%.
(Since 1991 no official census has taken place.)
There is a composition of many religions in Bosnia Herzegovina. The majority of
around 48% are Muslims, followed by Serbian Orthodox (around 34%) and Catholics
The national languages are Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. After the
fall of Yugoslavia, the various dialects were recognized as their own languages.
The Serbs use the Cyrillic alphabet, the Croats and Bosniaks the Latin.
Capital, other cities
The official capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina is Sarajevo with
a population of around 400,000, of which around 80% are now Muslims.
Other cities are:
Banja Luka with around 200,000 residents
Tuzla with around 134,000 residents
Zenica with around 128,000 residents and
Mostar with around 105,000 residents.
Bosnia Herzegovina: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Bosnia-Herzegovina has a common border with a total of two countries:
- Croatia, with a length of around 930 km,
- Serbia and Montenegro with a length of around 525 km.
It also has a 21 km long Adriatic coast in the southwest. The common capital
of the country is Sarajevo.
Bosnia Herzegovina covers a total area of 51,129 km².
Around 48% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 31% of the country is meadow and pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 15.5% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing fruit, vegetables and tobacco.
On the country's coast, the mean tidal range is only a few decimeters. (For a
detailed explanation of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow).
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in
Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it
is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
The country extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation
Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 42 ° to 46 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 15 ° to 20 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Bosnia-Herzegovina, the following value applies compared to Central
European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time)
in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier
there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
|Δ t (CET) = 0 h
(March to October: CET +1)
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Sarajevo
Sarajevo lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 44 °.
If the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °,
summer begins in Sarajevo, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of
the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
44 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 69.5 °, the sun in Sarajevo has the highest level of the entire year above
the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
The highest mountain in the country is the Maglic with a
height of 2,386 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Volujak with a height of 2,336 m
- Plocno with a height of 2,222 m
- Nadkrstac with a height of 2,110 m
- Zelena Lava with a height of 2,103 m
- Djokin Toranj with an altitude of 2,086 m
- Veliki Vran with a height of 2,074 m
The longest river in the country is the Sava with a length
of around 945 km.
Other rivers in the country are:
- Drina with a length of around 346 km
- Bosna with a length of around 271km
- Vrbas with a length of around 240 km
- Lim with a length of around 220 km
- Neretva with a length of around 218 km
- Una with a length of around 214 km
- Sana with a length of around 140 km
- as well as the Spreca with a length of around 112 km.
The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest
lake is the Busko with an area of about 56 km². Other larger lakes are:
- Bilecko with an area of around 33 km2
- Modracko with an area of around 17 km2
- Jablanicko with an area of around 13 km2
As mentioned above, the country borders on the Adriatic Sea (Adriatic Sea) -
part of the Mediterranean Sea - for a length of around 21 km.