Botswana: population and cities
Countryaah website, Botswana has about 2.3 million residents.
The country's population is made up of approx. 60% Tswana, 12.5% Shona,
furthermore the San (Bushmen) Khoi Khoi ("Hottentots"), Ndebele and 4% members
of other African tribes. There are also around 110,000 foreigners - including
20,000 Indians, 15,000 Chinese and around 4,000 Europeans.
With traces of human settlement, Botswana is considered to be the "cradle of
humanity" with an age of over 2 million years. The approximately 60,000 San
living here are the successors of the Stone Age people.
About 70% of the population of Botwana are Christians. In addition,
traditional African natural religions are practiced by the majority of the
residents. There are also small minorities of Muslims and Hindus.
The official language of the country is English. Setswana and other Bantu
languages are used as colloquial language.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Botswana is Gaborone, with a population of
Other larger and important cities in Botswana are:
- Francistown with around 85,000 residents
- Molepole with around 55,000 residents
- Selebi Phikwe with around 50,000 residents
- Maun with around 45,000 residents
- Serowe with around 43,000 residents.
Botswana: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Botswana is located in southern Africa and covers an area of 581,730
Around 46% of the country is forest and scrubland.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 32% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 2% of the land is used as arable land or fields.
- About 38% are national parks, game reserves and other protected
The country shares a border with the following three countries:
Namibia with a length of 1,360 km,
South Africa with a length of 1,840 km and
Zimbabwe with a length of 813 km.
Longitude and latitude
Botswana extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 17 ° 40 'to 27 ° south latitude
Δλ = from 20 ° to 29 ° 20' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Time in the country
For Botswana, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there,
a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Gaborone
Gaborone lies on a southern latitude of around φ = 25 °. If the sun or its
image point is at the southern tropic, i.e. at δ = -23.5 °, summer begins in
Gabarone, this is December 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at
noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
-25 ° = - (90 ° - h) + -23.5 °
At 88.5 °, the sun in Gaborone has the highest level of the entire year above
the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
In Gaborone the sun at noon is not in the south, as in our latitudes, but in the
north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us,
Mountains, rivers, lakes
The highest mountain in the country is a summit of the Tsodilo Hills with
a height of 1,489 m.
The longest river in the country is the Limpopo with a length
of about 1,600 km. Another river in the country is the Okawango, about
1,300 km long. The Okawango has a great peculiarity: the river, which rises in
the 2,600 m high highlands of Bie (Bihé) in Angola, does not flow into the sea,
but silts up or seeps into a delta in the Kalahari desert in the interior of
Botswana. Correctly, however, this is only about 10% of the amount of water, the
rest evaporates or is diverted, for example, for agriculture.
The Makgadikgadi is a salt pan with a total area of around
12,000 km², which turns into a salt marsh during the rainy season.
The Okavango Delta
The Okawango has its source in Angola and does not flow into the sea, another
river or a large lake, but rather "seeps" into the earth in the Okavango Delta
in the Kalahari Desert, so to speak. However, far less 10% of the water actually
seeps away here - the rest evaporates beforehand or is used for agriculture. In
the area of the Okavango Delta is the Okavango Panhandle to the
northwest. This is a network of lakes, rivers, islands and forests consisting of
five main arms. Furthermore, the delta can be divided into the three areas
"Eastern Delta", "Inner Delta" and the area of the "Moremi Game
Reserve". During the rainy season, the landscape turns into the largest inland
delta in the world - with an area of 15,500 km². The then suddenly
blooming lush vegetation attracts countless animal species such as antelopes,
lions, leopards, cheetahs, warthogs, crocodiles, giraffes, hyenas, hippos,
buffalos, snakes, elephants and rhinos. In the delta you move with the Mokoro -
the old wooden dugout canoe - or meanwhile with modern Morokos made of plastic.
The Kalahari semi-desert covers over 52,800 km² of the
country. This semi-arid savannah landscape has only been made accessible to
tourists since 1998. Due to the low annual rainfall of less than 300 mm, an
almost unique landscape has developed and preserved here. Red sand, dry grass
and individual groups of trees characterize most of the landscape, which is the
last habitat of the indigenous population, the San (Bushmen). Around 600 of the
legendary Kalahai lions still live here. Of the 100,000 still existing Bushmen
(San) with an almost 25,000 year old culture, around 60,000 live in Botswana and
of these only around 600 live in the Kalahari semi-desert.