Central African Republic
Central African Republic: population, cities
Countryaah website, the Central African Republic is home to around 4.8 million people who have
settled in the country's most important waterways, while the dry savannas and
rainforest areas are almost depopulated.
The birth rate for the Central African Republic is an average of five children
that a woman there gives birth in the course of her life.
Negative factors are the low life expectancy of people (women at 44 and men at
43 years of age), the high illiteracy rate of more than 60%, the high infant
mortality rate (around 10%) and the high proportion of people infected with
HIV. According to the Human Development Index, the Central African Republic is
one of the ten poorest countries in Africa.
The Pygmies were the original population group in the country. However, these
are rarely found (e.g. in the jungle region). The largest ethnic groups in the
republic are now the Ngala-Bantu (mainly Ngbandi, but also Banziri, Gbakka,
Lissongo and Yakoma), the Sahelo-Sudanese tribes of the north (mainly Banda,
Baya, Mbandja and Sara), the Nilotide (mainly Runga) and the Azande peoples in
There are also a few thousand Europeans (mainly French) who have settled mainly
in the cities.
Around 79% of the population are Christians, around 10% are Muslims and around
10 % are followers of indigenous religions.
While the Christians mostly live in the border area with the Democratic Republic
of the Congo, the mostly Sunni Muslims have settled in the north, east and
north-west of the republic in particular.
Since the Central African Republic gained independence, French has been the
country's official language.
Sango became the second official language in 1991. Numerous dialects are
also spoken. Tribal languages are also spoken, which are primarily among the
Ubangi languages. This also includes the already mentioned Sango, which has
almost the status of a Central African national language.
Capital and other cities
About 795,000 people live in Bangui, the capital of the Central African
Republic. The city, located on the Ubangi River in the southwest of the country,
is the cultural, political and economic center of the republic.
It was founded in 1889 as the administrative center of the French colonial
territory of Ubangi-Chari and has served as the capital since the Central
African Republic gained independence and was founded in 1960.
In Bangui, where Jean-Bédel Bokassa was born, the later President and Emperor of
the country, wide streets such as Avenue Boganda, Place de la Republique, the
triumphal arch of the former Emperor Bokassa and the market are a veritable
delight for everyone who wants to get to know the real African life.
With around 80,000 residents, Berbérati is the third largest city in the
Central African Republic.
It acts as the capital of the prefecture of Mambéré-Kadéï and extends in the
country west near the border with Cameroon. The city is of great tourist
interest for most travelers as a starting point for the Dzanga Sangha Reserve.
The capital of the prefecture Ombella-Mpoko spreads about 10 kilometers
southwest of Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic. About 150,000
people live in Bimbo, the birthplace of the famous basketball player Romain Sato
In the north of the Central African Republic is Kaga-Bandoro, a market town with
around 60,000 residents. It acts as the capital of the economic prefecture of
Nana-Grébizi and as the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of Kaga-Bandoro.
Central African Republic: Geography
Defined by DigoPaul, the Central African Republic (Central Africa) is
located in the middle of Africa and covers an area of 622,984 km². Thereof:
Around 57% of the country are forest and scrubland.
- Meadow/pasture land
Around 5% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 3% of the land is used as arable land, especially for growing coffee,
cotton, rubber, peanuts, palm trees and tobacco as well as rice, millet and
The Central African Republic shares a border with the following five
- Cameroon with a length of 797 km
- Democratic Republic of the Congo with a length of 1,577 km
- Republic of the Congo with a length of 467 km
- Sudan with a length of 1,165 km
- Chad with a length of 1,197 km.
Longitude and latitude
The Central African Republic extends over the following geographical latitude
(abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 02 ° to 11 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 014 ° 30 'to 027 ° 30' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Central Africa the following value applies to Central European Time
(CET), i.e. the time without summer time.
The country has the same time as Central Europe in winter time. Further and
detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.
Highest point of the sun in Bangui
Bangui lies at a north latitude of around φ = 04.5 ° = 4 °
30` and thus in the middle of the tropics, provided that the declination δ of
the sun has the value 04 ° 30 'north and the image point of the sun is above the
City, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly
17 days after March 21st and then again 17 days before September 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Bangui, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
Monte Ngaoui/Mont Kayagangiri
The highest mountain in the country is Monte Ngaoui/Mont Kayagangiri with a
height of 1,420 m.
Other high mountains are the Bongo Mountains with a height of 1,400 m, they are
also on the north equatorial threshold.
The longest river in the country is the Ubangi with a length of 2,280 km.
Mbomou, Kotto, Shanga
Other major rivers in the country are the Mbomou, Kotto and Shanga.
There are no major lakes in the country.