Chile: population and cities
Countryaah website, Chile has around 18 million residents.
If you take a closer look at the population density of Chile, you will
find that a large part of the Chileans live in the greater Santiago de
Chile area. 6.5 million people have settled in the capital, which corresponds
to about 1/3 of all Chileans.
If you move south or north in the country, you will notice that the population
density continues to decrease. This is due, among other things, to the desert
areas in the north and the rougher areas of the south, which are plagued by
storms, which make life and work considerably more difficult.
The Chilean population is characterized by a high degree of
homogeneity. The Chileans with European ancestry and the mestizos make up around
90% of the population. The rest - about 10% is made up of the indigenous
This is divided into 93% Mapuche, 5% Aymara and 2% Rapanui. There are around
600,000 Germans and people of German origin in the country.
There is no state religion in the country, but Chile is very strongly
Catholic, in which the separation of state and church was not made until 1925.
The influence of the church on the legal system, social life, culture and the
media has remained quite strong.
In addition to about 70% Catholics (see Christianity) there are 15%
Protestants, about 1% Jehovah's Witnesses, 0.1% Mormons and some Jews in
Chile. About 8.5% say they are agnostic. Many of Chile's natives are also
professing Indian shamanism.
National languages Even if Spanish is the official
language in Chile, every visitor who is used to school Spanish will quickly
notice that a strong dialect is used in Chile, which pulls the individual words
together and thus makes it difficult to understand when the respective words
start and when they end.
English alone will not get you very far in the country, because the language is
only taught in a few selected (private) schools. In the south of Chile, with a
bit of luck, you can certainly encounter the German language.
Furthermore, indigenous languages such as Mapudungun, Aymara and Rapanui are
common in the country.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Chile is Santiago de Chile where around 6.5
million people live. Santiago de Chile is the center of Chile in many ways:
geographically, demographically, politically, economically and culturally. The
capital of Chile is located in the middle of the long country, about 100
kilometers from the Pacific Ocean at the foot of the Andes. More than a third of
the Chilean population lives in the city. This is where the political power, the
most important companies, the big banks and the country's stock exchange are
Other larger or important cities are:
Concepción with around 350,000 residents
Viña del Mar with around 322,000 residents
Valparaiso with around 282,000 residents
Talcahuano with around 291,000 residents
Teniuco with around 240,000 residents
Chile: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Chile is located in western South America. It is bordered by the Pacific
Ocean to the west and south, Peru to the north, and Bolivia and Argentina to the
east. The country extends over a length of around 4,330 km and an average width
of around 200 km in north-south direction.
Area and national borders
Chile covers an area of 756,626 km². Thereof:
Around 22% of the country is forested.
- Meadow/pasture land
Around 14% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 7% of the land is used as arable land or fields.
The north of the country is one of the driest areas on earth, and there is
often no precipitation here for years. The desert that is certainly very
well known is the Atacama Desert.
Chile shares a border with the following three countries:
- Argentina with a length of the border of around 5,150
- Bolivia with a length of the border of around 860 km
- Peru with a length of the border of around 160 km.
Chile has a coastline on the Pacific Ocean with a length of around 6,435 km.
Longitude and latitude
Chile extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 17 ° 15 'S to 56 ° S
Δλ = from 67 ° W to 76 ° W
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Chile, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time). A minus sign means that it is earlier there and
a plus sign that it is later than CET.
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Santiago
Santiago, the capital of Chile, lies at a southern latitude
of around φ = 33.5 °. If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = -23.5 °, summer
starts in Chile, this is December 21st. Then, for the highest position of the
sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun).
- 33.5 ° = - (90 ° - h) + -23.5 °
The highest level the sun reaches during a year is on December 21st and is 80
°. It should be noted that, unlike in Europe, for example, the sun moves from
east to north to west. At noon, the sun in Santiago de Chile is
therefore always in the north.
Ojos del Salado
The highest mountain in the country is the inactive volcano Ojos del Salado with
a height of 6,863 m. In total there are around 3,000 volcanoes in the country,
of which around 80 are more or less active.
Other high mountains are:
- The Cerro Hudson, also known as Volcán Hudson, is an active
stratovolcano 1,905 m high. During the last eruption from August to October
1991 approx. 7.6 km³ of volcanic ash rock was thrown into the air, and parts
of the glaciers melted so that a huge mudslide poured into the valleys. No
people were harmed because the residents were evacuated beforehand. The ash
spread over large areas from Chile, Argentina to the Falkland Islands. In
addition, the Chilean cities of Chile Chico and Puerto Ingeniero Ibáñez were
covered with a large amount of ash. The volcano is located around 65 km
north-northwest of Lake General Carrera in Patagonia.
- The volcano Llullaillaco with a height of 6,740 m -
it is the third highest volcano in the world after Monte Pissis in Argentina
and Ojos del Salado - and is located on the border between Chile and
- The Parinacota volcano with a height of 6,348 m
- The Tupungato volcano on the border between Chile and
Argentina with an altitude of 5,550 m
- The inactive Licancabur volcano on the border between
Chile and Bolivia with a height of 5,916 m.
- The Puyehue-Cordón Caulle is a volcanic complex in the southern Chilean
Andes with a height of 2,235 m. The volcanic complex is located in the
Región de Los Ríos - in the Puyehue National Park. It is located at a
latitude of 40 ° 35`. The complex consists of the Puyehue volcanoes, the
Cordón Caulle - a mountain with eruption fissures - and the Carrán-Los
Venados group. On June 4, 2011, there was a serious outbreak that even
obstructed air traffic in Australia. For example, around 600 truckloads of
volcanic ash had to be removed from the Argentine airport of San Carlos de
Bariloches - in the province of Río Negro.
The rivers of Chile are relatively short, mostly originating in the glaciers
of the Andes and flowing into the Pacific.
The longest river in the country is the Rio Lao with a length of around
Other rivers in the country are:
- the Rio Bio Bio with a length of around 380 km
- the Rio Maipo with a length of around 250 km
- the Rio Maule with a length of around 240 km
- the Rio Elqui with a length of around 170 km
- the Río Copiapó with a length of around 160 km
- the Rio Aconcagua with a length of around 145 km
- the Rio Imperial with a length of around 50 km.
Lago General Carrera
The largest lake in Chile is Lago General Carrera. The elongated lake covers an
area of 970 km² over Chile and 881 km² over Argentina in Patagonia. Its
maximum depth is around 590 m. In Chile the lake is called Lago General Carrera
and in Argentina Lago Buenos Aires. The eroded marble coast surrounds much of
the lake, with the most impressive spots in Chile. The glacial ice and the water
of the lake have created many spectacular marble caves that can be
visited. Other larger lakes are:
- Lago Llanquihue with an area of around 860 km²
- Lago Ranco with an area of around 400 km²
- Lago Rupanco with an area of around 223 km²
- Lago Villarica with an area of around 176 km²
- Lago Puyehue with an area of around 156 km²
- Lago Calafquén with an area of around 120 km²
The following islands are in front of the country or belong to the state
the Juan Fernández archipelago with an area of around 90
km²; the largest of this group of islands is Isla Robinson Crusoe with
an area of around 47 km²
Isla Sala y Gómez with an area of only 0.15 km²
Islas de los Desventuradas with an area of around 4 km²
the Easter Island in the South Pacific about 3,000 km away
from Chile - km² with an area of approximately 165 and 2,000 residents - are
On the island of Isla Hornos off the island of Tierra del Fuego with an
area of around 11 km² is Cape Horn , the southernmost point
of Chile. There are numerous true and half-true seafaring stories about Cape
Horn. Cape Horn is considered to be one of the stormiest and most dangerous
passages on earth. It is estimated that over time more than 1,000 ships with
over 10,000 seafarers who were killed in the process, broke up there. Until the
completion of the Panama Canal in 1914, all ships had to circumnavigate Cape
Horn to get from the Atlantic to the Pacific and vice versa
The elongated country of Chile borders in the west on the Pacific, the
largest and deepest ocean in the world (also known as the Pacific, Stiller or
Great Ocean). It stretches between the Arctic, North, Central and South America
as well as the Antarctic, Australia, Oceania and Asia. It has a gigantic area of
166.24 million km² (excluding secondary seas) or 181.5 million km² with its
secondary seas and thus covers about 35% of the entire surface of the earth. Its
total water content is around 714.5 million km³.