Cuba: population and cities
According to Countryaah
website, Cuba has around 11.3 million people.
51% mulatto, 37% white, 11% black and 0.1% Asian (mainly Chinese).
A constitutional amendment in 1992 changed Cuba from an atheistic state
to a secular state, which should also enable believers to join the Communist
Party. In addition to the main religion, Catholicism, there is the Santaría, a
mixture of Catholicism with the African Yoruba religion, which the slaves
brought with them from their homeland. It is estimated that 35% of Cubans are
baptized, but many of them are Santaría followers. Numerous evangelical and
Protestant congregations have sprung up in recent years. Among other things,
there are 89,000 followers of Jehovah's Witnesses, whose following has grown
rapidly despite arrests and a ban on preaching. 56% of the population are
without religious affiliation, 39% are Catholics or belong to Protestant and
Jewish faith communities.
The official language is Spanish.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Cuba is Havana with around 2.2 million residents.
Other cities are:
- Santiago de Cuba with around 555,900 residents
- Camagüey with around 347,600 residents
- Holguín with around 319,100 residents
- Guantánamo with around 319,100 residents
- Santa Clara with around 250,500 residents
- Trinidad with around 38,000 residents
Defined by DigoPaul, Cuba covers a total area of 110,860 km².
Around 25% of the country is forested area (pine and mahogany)
Meadows and pastures
Around 5% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land
Fields and fields
Around 30% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing sugar cane, tobacco, coffee, yucca, corn and rice.
25% of the country is mountainous.
National borders, distances and coastline
Due to its island location, the state has no direct borders with other states -
with the exception of a limit to the US base at Guantanamo.
The distances between the USA in the north (Florida peninsula)
are 160 km, in the west to Mexico (Yucatán peninsula) 210 km,
south to Jamaica 110 km and in the east to Haiti 77
Cuba has a sea coast with a total length of around 3,500 km.
In Santiago de Cuba, the mean tidal range is only around 0.3 meters.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while
it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Cuba extends roughly over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation
Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 19 to 24 north latitude
Δλ = from 74 ° to 85 ° west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Cuba, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a
plus sign that it is later than after CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.
The highest point of the sun in Havana
Havana is located at a north latitude of around φ = 23 ° and thus just in the
If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 23 ° N, and thus the image
point of the sun is exactly above the city or island, the sun is perpendicular
there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly two days before June 21st and
two days after June 21st (for details, see the highest levels of the sun).
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Havana, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. However, this is only the case 4-5 days per year. In this
case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where it then sets. However,
this is only the case on a few days in midsummer.
The highest mountain in the country is the Pico Turquino with a height of 1,972
Other high mountains are:
- Pico Cuba with a height of 1,872 m
- Pico Cardero with a height of 1,265 m
- Pico San Juan with a height of 1,156 m
- Pan de Guajaibón with a height of 728 m
The longest river in the country is the Río Cuato with a length of 370
Other rivers in the country are:
- El Zaza with a length of around 150 km
- El Saguala Grande with a length of around 150 km
- El Agabama with a length of around 125 km
- El Mayarí with a length of around 110 km
- El Sagua de la Chica with a length of 105 km
- El Tao with a length of 90 km
- and the El Cauyaguateje with a length of around 80 km
The country has very few lakes.
The largest lake is the Lago Zaza (fresh water reservoir) with a depth
of up to 60 m, it comprises a water volume of up to 1.020 million km³ of water.
Laguna de la Leche
Another lake is the Laguna de la Leche with an area of about 66.5
There are four large archipelagos around the island of Cuba.:
Jardines del Rey
In the north over the provinces of Matanzas, Las Villas and Camagüey
are the Jardines del Rey with 400 islets.
Jardines de la Reina archipelago
South of Camagüey is the Jardines de la Reina archipelago .
Canarreas Archipelago The Canarreas
archipelago is located on the southern coast. With its 350 small islands, this
archipelago belongs to Cuba's largest island, Isla de Juventud with
an area of 3,060 km².
The north-western part of the island near Pinar del Río lies in front
of the Colorado archipelago.
There are 1,600 cayos (small islets) around the coast of Cuba.
Caribbean, Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico
Cuba borders the Gulf of Mexico in the northwest, the Atlantic Ocean in the east
and the Caribbean Sea in the south and west. The Caribbean is a marginal sea of
the Atlantic and lies between the islands of the Caribbean and the American
continent. In the west, Mexico and other Central American states border the
Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and Venezuela. The border in the east and
north form the following islands or archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a
semi-circle to the "actual" Atlantic: Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia,
Dominica, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba.
The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the
Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the
Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".