Denmark: population and cities
Countryaah website, Denmark has around 5.6 million residents. Greenland, which belongs to Denmark
with far-reaching autonomy, has around 56,000 residents, most of whom are
Around 95% are Danes, 1.5% Asians and astonishingly only 0.5% are
Scandinavians. The rest is distributed among different nations or ethnic groups.
Around 83% belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church; the
Evangelical Lutheran Church is a state church and this religion is the state
religion. Around 2% belong to other Christian churches, around 4% are Muslims
and around 10% are not religiously bound or belong to various other religions.
The national language is Danish, which is related to Swedish. In North Schleswig
on Jutland there is a German-speaking minority of around 20,000 people. Native
languages are spoken in the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Denmark is Copenhagen, with a population of around 550,000.
Other cities are:
- Arhus with around 250,000 residents
- Odensee with around 144,000 residents
- Aalborg with around 117,000 residents
- Frederiksberg with around 89,000 residents
- Gedse r on the island of Falster with around 1,000
- The northernmost city in Denmark on the northern tip of Jutland is Skagen with
around 13,000 residents. From Frederikshavn you can easily reach the place
with the privately operated Skagensbåne railway.
Denmark: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Denmark has only one national border with another country, namely
with Germany with a length of around 70 km. However, because of the Øresund
Bridge to Malmö, one could also speak of a border with Sweden. The length of
all Danish coasts to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea is around 7,315 km.
Plane, Hans Island
Denmark covers a total area of 43,094 km². With Greenland, the largest
island in the world, the area of Denmark is even 2,218,694 million
km². However, Greenland now has extensive autonomy.
Around 10% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 6% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 60% of the land is used as arable land or fields.
- Water areas
The entire water area of the country, especially the Sunde and Belte, is
around 4,760 km2.
Around 85% of Greenland is covered with ice.
Denmark has only one national border, namely with Germany with a length of
around 70 km.
After the opening of the Øresund Bridge, however, one could also speak of a
border with Sweden.
This small island represents a certain curiosity. It is an uninhabited and
vegetationless island with an area of around 1.25 km². Denmark and Canada
claim ownership of the island. To document this, both countries have deposited a
national flag and a bottle with local spirits on the island.
The island lies in the middle of the Kennedy Channel, part of the Nares Strait
that stretches between Canada's Ellesmere Island and northern Greenland.
The distance to the Greenland coast is around 16.5 km and to the coast of the
Canadian island of Ellesmere near Cape Back around 17.5 km. In addition to Hans
Island, there are Franklin Island and Crozier Island in the Kennedy Canal, which
undoubtedly belong to Greenland and therefore to Denmark.
Tidal range in Copenhagen
In Copenhagen the mean tidal range is a maximum of 0.3 m. (For a detailed
explanation of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow).
The world's highest tidal range is found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada. There it
is up to 16 m, with spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on
the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia,
which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the
German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea,
on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable
in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Denmark extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 54 ° 34 'to 57 ° 45' north
Δλ = from 008 ° 05 'to 012 ° 35' east
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Denmark, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
In Denmark, Central European Time or Central European Summer Time (CEST)
applies. You can find more detailed information about the time under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Copenhagen
Copenhagen lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 56 ° N. If the sun is at
the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer starts in Copenhagen on June 21st. Then,
for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of
56 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
Thus, with a height of 57.5 ° on June 21 in Copenhagen, the sun has the
highest level of the whole year.
Mountains or hills
Denmark is a very flat country, so instead of mountains one should speak of
hills or elevations.
The highest point in the country is Yding Skorhøj on Jutland with a height of
Other increases are:
The 170.86 m high Møllehøj and the Ejer Bavnehøj are only about 200 m apart at
Skanderborg on Jutland
The Ejer Bavnehøj near Skanderborg on Jutland has a height of 170.35 m
The Himmelbjerg has a height of 147 m. It is also on Jutland - between Ry and
Silkeborg. At the top there is a brick observation tower built in honor of King
Frederik VII (1808-1863). King Frederik ensured that Denmark - with the
constitution of June 5, 1849 - received a modern and democratic
constitution. Among other things, it forms the basis of today's Basic Law of
The Sukkertoppen on the island of Mön has a height of 143 m.
The longest river in the country is the Gudenå on Jutland with a length of
around 175 km. The river flows into the Randers Fjord at Randers - about 40 km
north of Århus.
Other rivers in the country are the Skjern in Jutland and the Sisa.
The country includes numerous, but rather smaller, lakes.
The largest lake in the country is the Arresee in the north-east of Zealand,
where Copenhagen is also located - with an area of around 41 km². The lake is
rather shallow with a maximum depth of approx. 5.5 m.
The Esrumsee on Zealand is located in the north of Zealand a few kilometers east
of the Arresees. With an area of around 17 km², the lake is the second largest
lake in the country and is relatively deep with a maximum water depth of around
The Gribskov Forest is on its west bank and Fredensborg Castle on the east bank.
Tissø on Zealand is the fourth largest lake in Denmark with an area of approx.
The Furesee on Zealand is the fifth largest lake in Denmark with an area of
around 10 km².
is also worth mentioning the 5.65 km² Julsø (Julsee) with its four islands on
Jutland. The lake is located near the Himmelbjerg, from which you have a
beautiful view over the lake.
The maximum depth of the lake is around 18 m.
Denmark consists of more than 470 large and small, sometimes even
The largest island in the country and at the same time the largest in
the world is Greenland with an area of 2,175 million km². The capital of
Greenland is Nuuk with around 13,000 residents. It should be noted that
Greenland now has a great deal of autonomy.
The largest island after Greenland is Zealand with an area of 7,026 km², on
which the capital of Denmark Copenhagen is located.
Other large islands are:
In addition to the following eight large Danish islands, there are a large
number of smaller islands that are located in their vicinity and are usually
easily accessible. On some of these small islands, a vacation is almost like
immersing yourself in another world. Pleasure boaters and especially sailors
like to visit the "Danish South Seas" with its around 55 islands, islets and
holms. The sailing area stretches south of Funen, Als, Langeland, Ærø, Lolland,
Falster and Møn. The Ertholmene archipelago consists of Christiansø, is
Frederiksø and Græsholm and some smaller rocks together, around 18 km north-east
from Jutland one can go in Sweden by car without the use of ferries to
Copenhagen and continue on the Oresund bridge to Malmo.
|Name of the island
|Rømø (North Sea)
|| 128.9 km²
|| around 600
||around 2.3 million
As well as the largely independent Faroe Islands with an area of 1,399 km².
Belte and Sunden are straits, which in principle only differ linguistically. In
the states of the Baltic Sea region and Norway, a strait is called a sound,
while in Denmark or on its borders it is called a belte. Great Belt The
Great Belt (Storebælt) lies between the two islands of Funen (Fyn) and the
island of Zealand (Sjælland) with the capital Copenhagen to the east. The Great
Belt is between 20 and 30 km wide - with a length of around 70 km. In the south
it merges into the Langelandsbelt between the islands of Langeland and
Lolland. With a depth of 60 m for the Baltic Sea, the Belt is quite deep.
In 1998 the Storebæltsforbindelsen (Great Belt connection) was opened between
Korsør on Zealand and Nyborg on Funen.
This connection consists of a road bridge with a central section as a suspension
bridge - with a span of 1,624 m - and a several kilometers long "flat bridge"
for road and rail traffic between the artificially enlarged island of Sprogø and
Nyborg on Funen.
To the north of the road bridge, an 8,024 m long two-tube railway tunnel (Great
Belt Railway Tunnel) leads from the island of Sprogø to Korsør on Zealand.
This connection has made it possible to travel via Jutland - without using a
ferry - to Copenhagen and then over the Öresund Bridge to Malmö in Sweden.
The Little Belt (Lillebælt) is a strait that separates the
Jutland (Jylland) peninsula from the island of Fyn (Fyn). The Little Belt is the
strait between the Jutland (Jylland) peninsula and the island of Fyn (Fyn) in
Denmark. It begins at Fredericia in the north and ends around the island of Aero
(Ærø) in the south, where it merges into the Alsenbelt. This strait forms the
westernmost connection between the Baltic Sea in the south and the Kattegat in
the north. The "Little Belt" has a length of a little more than 40 km between
Aero and Fredericia - with a width between 0.6 km and approx. 15 km.
There are two bridges to Funen near the village of Middelfart - the old railway
and road bridge "Little Belt Bridge" (Lillebæltsbro) from 1935 and the motorway
bridge "New Little Belt Bridge" (Ny Lillebæltsbro) opened in 1970. Because of
the course of the local waters, the two bridges are almost at right angles to
Øresund, Øresund Bridge
The Øresund lies between Denmark and Sweden and separates in particular
Copenhagen and Malmö as well as Helsingör in Denmark from Helsingborg in
Sweden. The strait between the northern tip of Funen and Trelleborg is around 90
km long - with a width between approx. 3.5 at Helsingör and approx. 45 km.
The Öresund Bridge is crossed between Copenhagen and Malmö by the spectacular
Öresund Bridge. The bridge was opened on July 1, 2000. This bridge connects -
together with the Drogden tunnel and the artificial island of Peberholm - Sweden
with Denmark. From Malmö you can take this double-decker bridge by train or car
without using a ferry, for example to Copenhagen, which is around 45 kilometers
by road (as the crow flies around 30 km) from Malmö. Pedestrians and cyclists
cannot use the bridge.
The length of the entire bridge is 7,845 m - with a width of 23.5 m. The access
to the central 1,092 m long high bridge - the actual Öresund bridge - is via two
ramp bridges - the 3,014 m long western ramp bridge and the 3,739 m long eastern
The bridge is called Öresundsbron in Swedish and Øresundsbroen in Danish. This
resulted in the official name of the bridge to "Øresundsbron". The bridge is a
so-called cable-stayed bridge with 206 m high pylons. The clearance under the
bridge for shipping is 57 m.
The approximately 180 km long Limfjord forms a continuous water connection
between the North Sea near Thyborøn and the Kattegat near the small village of
Hals. This calm and safe connection is particularly popular with sport boat
dumpers - you save yourself the trip through the often stormy Skagerak.
The largest city on the fjord is Aalborg with over 100,000 residents. Here the
fjord crossed under the Limfjord car tunnel. aalborg is about 30 km west of
The following bridges cross the Limfjord: the Oddesundbroen, the Vilsundbroen
and the Sallingsundbroen.
The Limfjord is relatively flat and salty. Its eastern part is relatively
narrow, while the western part is wider and often widens like a lake. In the
western part are the islands of Mors, Fur, Venø and Jegindø. The fjord is not
only a popular waterway, it also separates the southern part of Jutland from the
northern part, which has been geographically an island since the great February
flood of 1825. The less common name for the northern part is Vendsyssel-Thy or
Nørrejyske Ø (North Jutian Island).