East Timor: population, cities
Countryaah website, East Timor had around 1.1 million residents in 2010.
Federal Republic of Germany (81.9 million),
Austria (8.3 million), the
USA (314.2 million),
PR China (1.3 billion),
India (1.2 billion) and
Egypt with approx. 80.5 million residents.
78% Timorians, 20% Indonesians, 2% Chinese
95% of the population are Catholics, the rest is made up of Muslims,
Protestants, Buddhists and Hindus.
In East Timor, the official languages are Portuguese and Tetum. In
addition, however, English and Indonesian as well as some Indian-Malay languages
are often spoken.
After its independence in 2002, the country had to choose its first official
language. Although the vast majority speak Tetum, Tetum did not become the new
language as it is not a written language. The choices were English, Indonesian
and Portuguese. Portuguese was only dominated by a small, educated elite. Due to
the occupying forces, Indonesian was fairly widespread, especially in the
The English language was ruled out quite quickly, as they didn't want to become
too dependent on Australia. Indonesian was not accepted because of the recent
past. So the choice fell on Portuguese.
The capital of East Timor is Dili, with a population of
Other large cities are: Bacau with a population of around
105,000 on the northeast coast and Ermera with 104,000
New York (8 million) in the USA,
Sao Paulo (> 17 million) in Brazil,
Berlin (3.4 million) in Germany,
London (7.2 million) in England and Great Britain,
Beijing (City 6 million) in China,
Mexico City in Mexico, the most populous city on earth (over 20 million),
Tokyo (11.8 million) in Japan.
East Timor: Geography
Defined by DigoPaul, East Timor, including the Oecussi-Ambeno enclave, covers a land area of
around 14,604 km².
East Timor has a 228 km long border with Indonesia.
East Timor has a sea coast with a length of around 706 km.
The island is surrounded by the following seas:
In the north lies the Banda Sea, in the northeast the Sawu Sea and in the south
the Timor Sea. For more information, see the end of this article
Longitude and latitude
East Timor extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = 8º 10 'south to 9 ° 30' south
Δλ = from around 125º east to 127 ° 30 'east
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For East Timor, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there,
a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Dili
Dili, the capital of the country, is located at a southern latitude of around
φ = 09 ° and thus in the middle of the tropics.
If the declination δ of the sun has the value 09 ° South, and the sun's image
point is thus exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular to the city. This
happens exactly twice a year, roughly 23 days before March 21st and 23 days
after September 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination is north of the latitude
of Dili, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the
north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us,
(For further information see position of the sun)
The highest mountain in the country is Mount Tatamailau, also called
Gunung Tatamailau, with a height of 2,963 m.
Another high mountain is Mt. Matebiam, also called Gunung Malobou, with
a height of 2,351 m.
Most rivers dry up during the dry season.
The longest river in the country that flows all year round is the Laclo
with a length of around 485 km.
Other rivers in East Timor are the Loes and the Seica
The largest lake is the Ira Lalaro with an area of about 2,200 ha =
The island covers an area of 7,865 km² with around 8,000
residents. The island is about 23 km north of East Timor and forms the western
border of the Wetar Strait.
The island is located on the east coast and only about 1 km from East
Timor. The approximately 8 km² island is densely forested and part of the Nino
Konis Santana National Park established in 2007
Sawu Lake, Banda Sea, Timor Sea
In the north-west of East Timor lies the Sawu Sea, north the Banda Sea and
south the Timor Sea, which extends to Australia. The Strait of Wetar is located
between East Timor and the Indonesian island of Wetar.
The Sawusee extends in the west from the island of Sumba to the island
of Atauro (East Timor), the end of the Strait of Wetar.
In the north it is bordered by the island of Flores. The Indonesian island of
Sawu forms the southern limit.
The Banda Sea is one of the marginal seas of the Pacific. It is surrounded by
numerous islands that give it an almost oval shape. In the south it is bordered
by East Timor up to the Tanimba Islands. While in the north the islands Taliabu
and Mangole and in the east the Kai Islands and the small islands Gorong,
Kasiui, Kur or Taam represent its border. In the west it extends to Sulawesi and
from there further south to the Floresee. The Banda Sea extends roughly between
a latitude of 2 ° to 8.5 ° south and a longitude of 123 ° to 132 ° east. The
Banda Sea has its deepest point at 7,440 in the eastern part - the so-called
Webertief (5 ° 50` South, 130 ° 35` East).
The Timor Sea covers an area of around 61,500 km² and is a tributary
of the Indian Ocean. The maximum depth of the Timor Sea is around 3,300 m. This
marginal sea extends in a north-west-south-east direction between Timor and the
north coast of Australia. In the east the Timor Sea borders the Arafura Sea. The
Timor Trench, which is up to 3,000 m deep, runs in the Timor Sea.