Ecuador: population, cities
Countryaah website, Ecuador has about 17.3 million people.
According to government figures: 35% mestizos, 25% Europeans, 20% Indians, 15%
mulattos and 5% African. However, according to the Indian Mission Council, 43%
93% Catholics. the rest Protestant denominations and Jews.
National languages Spanish is the official language; Quecha
and Chibcha are also spoken locally.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Ecuador is Quito, with a population of 1.6
Other cities are:
Guayaaquil with around 1,877,000 residents, Cuenca with
around 240,000 residents, Machala with around 185,000
residents, Santo Domingo with around 165,000 residents, as
well Portoviejo with around 160,000 residents.
Ecuador: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Ecuador is located on the northwest coast of South America. The country
covers an area of 283,600 km². Thereof:
Around 55% of the country is forested.
- Meadow/pasture land
Around 10% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 6% of the land is used as arable land or fields.
The country shares a border with the following countries:
- Peru with a length of around 1,316 km
- Colombia with a length of around 538 km.
Ecuador has a coast to the Pacific Ocean with a length of around 850 km.
In Ecuador, the mean tidal range is only around 1.8 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in
Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of
Fun-dy is located on the Atlantic Ocean between the Canadian provinces of New
Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose
capital is Halifax.
On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m.
In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m,
while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Ecuador extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ). The country is both north and
south of the equator:
|Δφ = from 1 ° 27 'north to 5 ° south.
Δλ = from 75 ° 12' to 81 ° west
You can find detailed information on this subject at: Geo-geographic
longitude and latitude.
For the mainland (not the Galapagos Islands), the following value applies to
Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign
means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.
Highest sun in Quito
Quito lies a little south of the equator - rounded up to a latitude of φ
round = 0 °. If the sun or its pixel is exactly over the city and thus
practically over the equator, i.e. at 0 °, the sun is exactly perpendicular over
the city at noon. This happens exactly twice a year, less than a day before
March 21st and less than a day after September 21st (for details, see
the highest levels of the sun).
If the image point of the sun (declination) is north of the latitude of
Nuku'alofa, the sun at noon is not in the south, as in our latitudes, but in the
north. So the sun moves from east to north to west, where it then sets like
us. In Quito this is between March 21st and September 21st.
The highest mountain in the country is the extinct Chimbarazo volcano
with a height of 6,310 m.
Other high (volcanic) mountains are:
- Cotopaxi, one of the highest active volcanoes on earth , with
an altitude of 5897 m
- Tungurahua with a height of 5016 m
- El altar with a height of 5136 m
- the double peaks of the Pinchincha
In the Andes of Ecuador there are 22 peaks over 4,250 meters, many of them
Río Daule, Babahoyo
The longest rivers of the coastal plain are the Río Daule and the
Babahoyo which flow together to the Gujas.
Other rivers in the country are:
- the Río Napo
- the Río Esmeralda
- the Río Cayapas
- the Río Pastaza.
The country includes numerous smaller and larger reservoirs. Around
75% of the country's energy needs are generated with hydropower. The largest
hydropower plants are in Paute and Agoyán.
The following islands are in front of the country or belong elsewhere to the
Galapagos Islands with the islands of San Ferando, Santa Cruz, Isabella,
Santa Maria, San Cristobal and Isla Fernandino with a
total area of 7769 km². Because of their unique flora and fauna, the Galapagos
Islands are under strict nature protection and may only be entered with a
There are also some islands near the coast such as Isla Puná and Isla
Ecuador borders the Pacific in the west of the country.
The Pacific Ocean is also known as the Pacific, Pacific, or Great Ocean
With a length of approx. 850 km, Ecuador borders the Pacific Ocean, the largest
and deepest ocean in the world. It stretches between the Arctic, North, Central
and South America as well as the Antarctic, Australia, Oceania and Asia. It has
a gigantic area of 166.24 million km² (not including secondary seas) and
therefore covers around 35% of the entire surface of the earth. The ocean, which
is larger than all the continents combined, goes at its deepest point in the
Mariana Trench down to 11,034 meters below sea level. km to the Pacific Ocean,
the largest and deepest ocean in the world. It stretches between the Arctic,
North, Central and South America as well as the Antarctic, Australia, Oceania
and Asia. It has a gigantic area of 166.24 million km² (not including
secondary seas) and therefore covers around 35% of the entire surface of the