Equatorial Guinea: population, cities
website, Equatorial Guinea has around 1.3 million people.
The population of Equatorial Guinea is made up of about 80% Bantu tribes (mainly
Fang) and about 10% Bubi, the latter mainly living on the island of Bioko. In
addition, there are about 3,000 mixed race (Fernandinos). Around 17% are
foreigners - including around 1,000 Europeans in the country.
Of the country's population, around 74% are Catholics, around 20%
followers of traditional African religions, 5% Protestants and around 1% Muslim.
The official languages in Equatorial Guinea are Spanish and French. In
addition, Bantu languages (mainly Fang), Bubi and other African languages
are in use. Creole Portuguese and Pidgin English (Fernando Po) are minority
Capital and other cities
The capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo on the island of
Bioko, with around 140,000 residents.
Other "bigger" cities are:
- Bata with around 40,000 residents
- Luba with around 15,000 residents
Equatorial Guinea: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest states in Africa and is located in
central Africa close to the equator. It consists of the mainland part Rio Muni
and the five islands Bioko (with the capital Malabo), Corisco, Elobey Grande,
Elobey Chico and Annobón in the Gulf of Guinea. The state covers an area of
28,051 km², with around 26,000 km² on the mainland. The largest island Bioko
covers an area of around 2,000 km².
Around 46% of the country is tropical rainforest and bushland.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 4% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 8% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing cocoa, coffee, bananas and spices.
Equatorial Guinea is bordered by two states:
in Gabon with a length of 350 km and
to Cameroon with a length of 189 km.
The length of the coast to the Atlantic Ocean is around 300 km
In Bata on the Atlantic, the mean tidal range is around 1.80 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three
meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only
0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Equatorial Guinea extends over the following geographical latitude
(abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 01 ° 01 'to 02
° 21' north latitude Δλ = from 009 ° 21 'to 011 ° 20' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Equatorial Guinea, the following value applies to Central European Time
(CET), i.e. the time (without summer time)
in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier
there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Malabo
Malabo lies at a north latitude of around φ = 04 ° and thus in the middle of
the tropics. If the declination δ of the sun has the value 04 ° N, and the sun's
image point is exactly above the city, the sun is standing there
perpendicular. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 16 days after March
21st and then again 16 days before September 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Malabo, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
Mountains, rivers, lakes
Pico Basile, Monte Mitra
The highest mountain in Equatorial Guinea is the Pico Basile with a height of
3,008 m. Another high mountain is the Monte Mitra with a height of 1,200 m.
Mbini, Utamboni, Ntem
The longest river in the country is the Mbini. Other rivers in the country are
Utamboni and Ntem.
There are no larger lakes in Equatorial Guinea.
Islands off the coast
The following islands are in front of the country or belong to the state
- Bioko (formerly Santa Isabel or Fernando Poo) with an
area of 2,017 km ²
- Annobón (formerly Pagalu) with an area of 18 km²
- Corisco with an area of 14 km²
Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic
Equatorial Guinea borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west.