Eritrea: population and cities
Countryaah website, Eritrea has about 9 million residents.
The population of Eritrea consists of nine ethnic groups. These include Tigrinya
(approx. 48%), Tigré (35%), Afar (4%), Kunama (3%), Saho (3%), Bilen (2%),
Hedareb (2%), Nara (2%) and Rashaida (1%).
About 50% of the country's residents are Christians (predominantly
Eritrean Orthodox Church; furthermore Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox) and
about 50% are Sunni Muslims. There are also followers of native natural
The country’s official languages are Arabic and Tigrinya. The
languages Afar, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Saho and Tigre are used as colloquial
languages, and English as the language of education and business.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Eritrea is Asmara, with a population of approx. 805,000. Other
- Aseb with around 60,000 residents
- Keren with around 40,000 residents and
- Mitsiwa with around 31,000 residents.
Eritrea: Map and Geography
Area and boundaries
Defined by DigoPaul, Eritrea covers a total area of 121,144 km². Thereof:
Around 10% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 60% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 15% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing maize, wheat and sorghum (sweet millet), as well as coffee, cotton,
cane sugar, fruit and vegetables.
Eritrea has a common border with a total of three countries:
- Ethiopia with a length of 912 km,
- Djibouti with a length of 109 km and
- Sudan with a length of 605 km.
Eritrea has a coast to the Red Sea with a total length of 2,235 km. Of this,
1,150 km are mainland coast and 1,085 km are island coast.
In Eritrea the mean tidal range is between 0.6 and 0.9 m. For detailed
explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is
located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova
Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On
the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic
Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely
noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Eritrea extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 12 ° 20 'to 17 ° 56' north latitude
Δλ = from 036 ° 27 'to 043 ° 18' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Eritrea, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Asmara
Asmara lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 15.5 ° (=
15 ° 30 '). If the declination of the sun has a value of around 15 ° 30 'N, and
thus the image point of the sun is above Asmara, the sun is perpendicular
there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 1 month before June 21st and 1
month after June 21st (for details see position of the sun).
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Asmara, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is the Soira with a
height of 3,018 m. More high mountains are
- Ira with a height of 2,817 m
- Suara with a height of 2,603 m
- Fangaga with a height of 2,589 m
- Enghershatu with a height of 2,576 m
The main smaller rivers in the country are
There are no larger lakes in Eritrea. The Dahlak Archipelago is
located off the coast of Eritrea in the Red Sea. It consists of approx. 350
islands with a total area of 754.9 km². The largest of the islands is Dahlak
Kebir with an area of 643 km².
The east coast of Eritrea lies on the Red Sea up to the beginning of the Gulf
of Aden with a length of 1,150 km. The Red Sea is usually blue. But the
blue-green alga lays a red carpet on its water surface during the flowering
period. It is probably thanks to the blue-green algae that the strait between
northeast Africa and the Arabian Peninsulas was once called the "Red Sea". A
detailed description of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden under the following
- Red Sea
- Gulf of Aden