You are here: Top Engineering Schools > Europe > Estonia

Estonia

Estonia: population and cities

Population

According to Countryaah website, Estonia has around 1.34 million residents.

Estonia: population and cities

Ethnic composition

The Estonians make up 69% of the population, the other larger nationality groups are: Russians with 26% (about 345,000), Ukrainians with 2%, Belarusians with 1% and Finns with 1%.

Religious affiliation

The Estonians mainly belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church, but the Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Baptist, Methodist and Roman Catholic Churches are also represented.

National language

The national language is Estonian, heard the ugurischen Finn to the family of languages. It is therefore relatively easy for Estonians to learn Finnish. The official language of Estonia is Estonian, but Russian is spoken a lot, which the traveler will quickly realize. Anyone who does not speak both languages can communicate well in German or English. In general, one can say that old people understand German better, the younger ones speak better English.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Estonia is Tallinn (also known as the former Hanseatic city of Reval) with approx. 417,150 residents.

Other cities are:

The university city of Tartu with approx. 101,300 residents, the oldest city in Estonia, which is of particular importance due to the Estonian national movement that arose here. The industrial cities of Narva, the border town to Russia is and was, with approx. 67,400 residents and Kohtla-Järve with approx. 46,300 residents and the health resort Pärnu with approx. 44,600 residents.

Estonia: geography, map

Area and land use

Defined by DigoPaul, Estonia covers an area of 45,227 km².

Estonia: geography, map

Thereof:

  • Forest

    Around 50% of the country is forested.

  • Meadow/pasture land

    Around 7% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.

  • Arable land and fields

    Around 27% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing grain, potatoes and vegetables.

  • Swamp

    Almost a fifth of the area of Estonia is covered by swamps, the largest of which are in the central and eastern parts of the country.

  • Mountains

    There are no mountains in Estonia.

National borders

Estonia borders:

  • Latvia with a border length of 339 km,
  • Russia with a border length of 294 km.

Estonia has a coast to the Baltic Sea with a length of around 3,000 km.

Tidal range

In Estonia, the mean tidal range of the Baltic Sea is between 20 and 40 cm. (For a detailed explanation of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow).

Compare

Incidentally, the world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Estonia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 57 ° to 59 ° north latitude

Δλ = from around 21 ° to 28 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Estonia, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET). A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δ t (CET) = + 1 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Tallinn

Tallinn lies at a north latitude of around φ = 59.5 °. If the sun, or its image point, is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Tallinn, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

59.5 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °

so:

H = 54 °

At 54 °, the sun in Tallinn has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).

mountains

Suur Munamägi

The highest mountain in the country is the Suur Munamägi with a height of only 318 m. The Suur Munamägi is also the highest peak in the entire Baltic region.

Rivers

There are only a few rivers in Estonia that are longer than 100 km.

Emajõgi, Võhandu, Pärnu

The longest rivers are the Emajõgi with a length of 260 km, the Võhandu with a length of 162 km and the Pärnu with a length of 145 km.

Lakes

There are over 1,400 smaller and larger lakes in Estonia.

Peipsi Lake (Peipus Lake)

The largest lake is the Peipsi Lake (Peipus Lake) with an area of 3,555 km², of which 1,533 km² are in Estonia and the rest in the Russian Federation. It has a maximum depth of 15.3 m. Lake Peipsi is the fourth largest lake in Europe.

Pseikov Lake

The Pseikov Lake has an area of 710 km². The border with Russia runs through its center.

Kaali Lake

Kaali Lake was created by a meteorite impact. It is located in the town of the same name Kaali on Saarema.

It has a diameter of approx. 110 m and is 16 m deep.

Islands

There are 1,521 islands in front of the country, most of them uninhabited. It is worth mentioning that the British submarine "HMS E18" was recently found near the island of Hiiumaa, which was sunk here during the First World War in 1916 - after it had previously torpedoed the German destroyer V 100.

The main islands are:

Name of the island Area in km²
Saaremaa (Ösel) 2,922
Hiiumaa (Dagö) 965
Muhu (poppy seeds) 198
Vormsi (Worms) 92
Kassari (Kassargen ) 19.3
Naissaar (Nargen) 18.6
Kihnu (Kühnö) 16.4
Väike-Pakri (Eastern Island) 12.9
Suur-Pakri (western island) 11.6
Ruhnu (Runö) 11.4
Vilsandi (Filsand) 9
Abruka (Abro) 8.8
Piirissaar 7.8
Prangli (Wrangelsholm) 6.4
Allirahu (uninhabited) 5.6
Osmussaar 4.7
Vohilaid (Wohhi) 4.2

Gulf of Finland, Bay of Riga, Baltic Sea

Estonia is located on the southern edge of the Gulf of Finland, on the Riga Bay, both of which are part of the Baltic Sea - and on the "open" Baltic Sea.

 

Africa

Algeria Angola
Benin Botswana
Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands
Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros
D.R. Congo Djibouti
Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia
Ghana Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya
Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria
Reunion Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia
South Africa South Sudan
Sudan Suriname
Swaziland Tanzania
Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia
Zimbabwe  

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia
Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Bhutan
Brunei Cambodia
China Cyprus
East Timor Georgia
Hong Kong India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Israel
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Lebanon Macau
Malaysia Maldives
Mongolia Myanmar
Nepal North Korea
Oman Pakistan
Palestine Philippines
Qatar Saudi Arabia
Singapore South Korea
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Vietnam
Yemen  

Europe

Aland Albania
Andorra Austria
Belarus Belgium
Bulgaria Croatia
Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland
France Germany
Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland
Italy Kosovo
Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg
Macedonia Malta
Moldova Monaco
Montenegro Netherlands
Norway Poland
Portugal Romania
Russia San Marino
Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
Sweden Switzerland
Ukraine Vatican City

North America

Canada Greenland
Mexico United States

Central America

Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas Barbados
Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba British Virgin Islands
Costa Rica Curacao
Dominica Dominican Republic
Ecuador El Salvador
Guadeloupe Guatemala
Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Martinique
Montserrat Panama
Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

South America

Argentina Bolivia
Brazil Chile
Colombia French Guiana
Guyana Nicaragua
Paraguay Peru
Uruguay Venezuela

Oceania

Australia American Samoa
Cook Islands Easter Island
Fiji Falkland Islands
Guam French Polynesia
Kiribati Marshall Islands
Micronesia Nauru
New Caledonia New Zealand
Niue Northern Mariana Islands
Palau Pitcairn
Samoa Papua New Guinea
Tokelau Solomon Islands
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna
Top 50 Engineering Schools in Asia

Copyright 2020 Top Engineering Schools All Right Reserved.