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Falkland Islands

Falklands: population

Population

Population

According to Countryaah website, the Falkland Islands have around 3,000 residents. There are also around 1,700 British soldiers stationed here.

Falklands: population

Ethnic composition

99% British.

Religious affiliation

Anglicans (majority), Jehovah's Witnesses, Adventists, Evangelists, Lutherans, United Free Church and Roman Catholic Church

National language

English

Capital, other settlements

The capital of Falkland is Port Stanley with a population of around 2,200. Other settlements are:

Goose Green and San Carlos, Fitzroy

Falkland Islands: Geography

Defined by DigoPaul, the Falkland Islands consist of 2 main islands and about 200 small islands, they are located about 480 km east of the coast of Argentina.

Falkland Islands: Geography

The islands

The Falklands archipelago consists of 200 mostly uninhabited islets and the following main islands:

  • Isla Soledad (6,353 km²) and Gran Malvina (4,377 km²)
  • South Georgia: the main island is San Pedro (3,528 km²)
  • and the South Sandwich Islands: Jorge (110 km²)
  • Blanco (46 km²), Saunders (40 km²)

Area and land use

The Falkland Islands cover a total area of 12,173 km².

Thereof:

  • Forest

    Around 22% of the country is forested.

  • Meadow and pastureland

    Around 13% of the land is used as meadow or pasture.

  • Fields and fields

    Around 10% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing soy, maize and grain.

Oil deposits

In the vicinity of the Falkland Islands oil deposits with a volume of around 13 billion barrels are suspected. The marketing of these oil deposits is highly controversial between Argentina and Great Britain.

Coastline

Falkland has a coast to the South Atlantic with a length of around 1,288 km.

Tidal range in Port Stanley

In Port Stanley the mean tidal range is around 6.3 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.

Compare

The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

The Falkland Islands are roughly at the following latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = approximately at 52 south latitude

Δλ = approximately at 59 west longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Port Stanley and thus the Falkland Islands, the following value applies compared to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = - 4 h (summer -5 h)

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest point of the sun in Port Stanley

Port Stanley is located at a south latitude of around φ = 52 .

As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = -23.5 , it is the beginning of summer in Port Stanley, this is December 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

- 52 = - (90 - h) + - 23.5

so:

H = 61.5

At 61.5 , the sun in Port Stanley has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).

Warning:

The sun's image point is north of the latitude of Port Stanley all year round. Therefore, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north all year round. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.

mountains

Mount Usbourne

The highest mountain in the country is Mount Usbourne with a height of 712 m.

Another higher mountain is Mount Kent.

There are the following mountain and hill ranges:

  • the Wickham Heights on East Falkland
  • the Mount Adam
  • the Hornby Mountains on West Falkland

The highland regions are based on Ice Age rock formations that form rugged coastlines and mountains.

The Atlantic

The Falkland Islands are located in the middle of the South Atlantic - around 540 km from Argentina.

With an area of around 106 million km², the Atlantic Ocean (Atlantic) is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific. It separates America from Europe and Africa. At 9,220 m, it has its deepest point in the Milwaukee Deep - part of the Puerto Rico Trench. Its salt content is on average 3.54% (g/ l). Its water volume is around 355 million km³.

Coming from the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic to the coast of Norway and is largely responsible for the climate in Western and Northern Europe.

The Atlantic includes numerous so-called marginal seas - e.g. the American Mediterranean. In addition, the Atlantic - especially in seafaring - is divided into the North Atlantic and South Atlantic. The Strait of Gibralta is certainly a very well-known connection between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, where it separates Europe (Gibralta/Great Britain) from Africa (Morocco). The Panama Canal connects the Pacific with the Atlantic for around 82 km. The Atlantic and Pacific meet at the legendary Cape Horn on the southern tip of the American continent.

 

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