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Fiji

Fiji Population, cities

Population

According to Countryaah website, the Fiji Islands have about 880,000 residents.

Fiji Population, cities

Ethnic composition

Around 57% of the population are Fijians, a mixture of Melanesians and Polynesians, 37% are Indian and 6% are European. In addition, various Pacific ethnic groups and overseas Chinese live in Fiji.

Religious affiliation

The main religion on the Fiji Islands is Christianity with around 52% (37% Methodists, 9% Catholics). Furthermore, about 38% are Hindu, 8% Muslim and 2% have another religion.

National languages

The official language is English; Fiji and Hindustani are also spoken.

Capital, other cities

The capital of the Fiji Islands is Suva, which is located on the island of Viti Levu - with a population of around 75,000.

Other cities are:

Nadi, with around 43,300 residents, is the largest city on the island of Viti Levu.

Ba, with around 30,800 residents, is also located on the island of Viti Levu.

Labasa, with around 14,700 residents, is the largest city on the Vanua Levu island.

Fiji: geography, map

Geography

Defined by DigoPaul, the islands of Fiji are located in the middle of the South Pacific, about 3,100 km northeast of Australia and 2,100 km north of New Zealand. Tonga is around 70 km away and Vanuatu is 1,100 km away. It is around 18,510 km to the airport in Frankfurt am Main.

Fiji: geography, map

Fiji covers an area of 1.3 million km². Of this, however, only 18,272 km² is land - the rest is ocean. The island state has around 881,000 residents and the capital is Suva with residents. Fiji has a sea coast with a length of around 1,130 km.

Islands of Fiji

The island state consists of 322 islands, 106 of which are inhabited.

The two main islands Viti Levu and Vanua Levu make up 84% of the area.

The island of Viti Levu has an area of 10,429 km² and Vanua Levu an area of 5,587 km². The third largest island is Taveuni, followed by Kadavu. The rest of the islands are very small. The most distant island of Rotuma has an area of 47 km². The islands are divided into the following groups of islands:

Main isla Viti Levu
Kadavu group Gaola, Kadavu, Ono
Mamanuca group Levuka, Malolo, Malolailai, Mana, Matamanoa, Namotu, Navini, Qalito, Tai, Tavaarua, Tivoa, Tokoriki, Vomo
Central group Caquelai, Batiki, Gau, Koro, Leluvia, Moturiki, Naigani, Nairai, Namenalala, Ovalau, Rukuruku, Yanuca, Lailai, Wakaya
Yasawa group Kuata, Nanuya Levu, Sawa-i-Lau, Tavewa, Waya, Wayasewa, Yasawa
Nor Vanua Levu, Nukubati, Taveuni, Laucala, Matagi, Qamea
Lau and Moala group Kaibu, Lakeba, Lau, Moala, Vanuabalavu, Yacata

Tidal range

The mean tidal range on the Fiji Islands is 1 to 2 m.

Compare

The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

The Fiji Islands extend over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 12 to 21 south latitude

Δλ = from around 176 west longitude to 178 east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Fiji, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = from + 11 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Suva

Suva, the capital of the Fiji Islands, lies on a southern latitude of φ = 08 , and thus in the middle of the tropics.

If the sun or its image point is exactly above the city or the island, i.e. at 18 S, the sun is exactly vertically above the city. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 21 days before December 21st and 21 days after December 21st.

Mountains, Tomanivi

Tomanivi

The highest mountain in the country is the Tomanivi, with a height of 1,324 m on the island of Viti Levu.

Other high mountains in the Fiji Islands are:

  • Uluigalau on the island of Taveuni, with a height of 1,241 m
  • Voma on the island of Viti Levu, with a height of 1,204 m
  • Koroyanitu on the island of Viti Levu, with an altitude of 1,195 m
  • Monavatu on the island of Viti Levu, with a height of 1,131 m
  • Nasorolevu on the island of Vanua Levu, with an altitude of 1,032 m
  • Buke Levu on the island of Kadavu, with an altitude of 838 m

Rivers

Rewa River

The longest river in the country is the Rewa River on the island of Viti Levu with a length of 145 km. The Rewa River rises from Tomanivi, the highest mountain in the Fiji Islands, and flows into Laucala Bay near the capital Suva.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • Sigitoka River on Viti Levu Island, with a length of 120 km
  • Navua River on the island of Viti Levu, with a length of 65 km
  • Dreketi River on Vanua Levu Island, with a length of 65 km

There are always sharks swimming in the confluence of the Rewa and Sogitoka rivers.

Lakes

Lake Tagimaucia

The largest lake in Fiji is Lake Tagimaucia on the island of Taveuni.

Pacific Ocean

The Fiji Islands border the Pacific Ocean with a total coastline of 1,130 km - more precisely, the Fischi Islands are located in the South Pacific, the so-called South Sea. This region of the Pacific Ocean includes the Polynesian Islands as well as parts of Melanesia and Micronesia.

 

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