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Hungary

Hungary: population, cities

Population

Population

According to Countryaah website, Hungary has around 9.97 million residents.

Hungary: population, cities

Ethnic composition

Hungary 92%; Sinti and Roma 3%; Germans 1%; Slovaks 1%; Jews 1%; South Slavs 1%; other 1%. About 80,000 Jews live in Budapest alone.

Religious affiliation

Catholics 63% and Protestants 25.5% other 11.5%

National language

The national language is Hungarian, around 8% are minorities, such as Sinti and Roma, Germans, Slovaks, Jews, Southern Slavs and others who continue to speak their mother tongues.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Hungary is Budapest, with a population of around 1.7 million.

Other cities are:

  • Debrecen with around 209,000 residents
  • Miskolc with around 178,000 residents
  • Szeged with around 166,000 residents
  • Pécs with around 161,000 residents
  • Györ with around 127,000 residents
  • Nyíregyháza with around 113,500 residents
  • Székesfehérvár with around 107,000 residents
  • Kecskemét with around 105,000 residents

Hungary: geography, map

Defined by DigoPaul, Hungary is a landlocked country and therefore does not have a sea border. The country covers an area of 93,030 km². Thereof:

Hungary: geography, map

  • Forest

    Around 18% of the country is forested.

  • Agricultural land

    Around 56% of the land is used as arable land

  • Pasture

    Around 13% of the country is used as pasture for livestock.

The country has a common border with a total of 7 states:

  • Austria with a length of around 366 km
  • The Slovakia with a length of about 677 km
  • Croatia with a length of around 329 km
  • The Ukraine with a length of around 103 km
  • Romania with a length of around 443 km
  • Serbia with a length of around 151 km
  • Slovenia with a length of around 102 km

Longitude and latitude

Hungary extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = 46 ° to 49 ° north latitude

Δλ = 16 ° to 23 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Hungary, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Budapest

Budapest is located at a north latitude of around 47.5 ° (47 ° 30 '). If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer will start in Budapest on June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

47.5 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °

so:

H = 66 °

At 66 °, the sun in Budapest has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).

mountains

Kékes

The highest mountain in the country is the Kékes with a height of 1,014 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Bükkwith a height of 958 m
  • Börzsöny(Csóványos) with an altitude of 938 m

Rivers

Danube

The Danube flows through the middle of Hungary and also through the capital Budapest, with Buda on the left bank and Pest on the right. Incidentally, with a length of 2,888 km, the Danube is the second longest river in Europe after the Volga. Its length in Hungary is around 420 km. At Donaueschingen, the two source rivers, the Brigach and the Breg, flow together and form the Danube from there.

At 48 km, the Breg is the longer of the two source rivers and rises at an altitude of 1,078 m near the Martinskapelle near Furtwangen in the southern Black Forest. From here to the mouth of the Danube in the Black Sea, its length is 2,888 km. The second source river, the Brigach, has its source in the Brigach Valley near St. Gallen, also in the southern Black Forest. It is 42.7 km long to its confluence and flows through Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia and Romania. It represents a border river for Croatia, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine. It flows into Romania in a large delta in the Black Sea. In addition to Budapest, the following large cities lie on the banks of the Dona: Ulm, Ingolstadt, Passau, Regensburg, Linz, Vienna, Bratislava, Novi Sad and Belgrade.

Theis

Another important river in the country is the Theis with a total length of around 1,308 km and a land share of around 600 km.

Lakes

Balaton, Lake Balaton

The largest lake in Hungary is Balaton (Lake Balaton) in western Hungary with an area of about 595 km². The lake is next to the Neusiedler See in Burgenland in Austria the most important steppe lake in Central Europe.

The mean depth of the lake is a little more than 3 m - with a maximum depth of 12.50 m. The largest tributary of the lake is the Zala, which has a length of around 140 km.

Fertö tó

Another large lake is the Fertö tó with an area of around 337 km2, of which only around 1/3 belongs to Hungary.

 

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