You are here: Top Engineering Schools > Asia > Iraq

Iraq

Iraq: population, cities

According to Countryaah website, as a result of the known situation in Iraq, the number of people living there is difficult to determine. But one assumes a population of about 32 million people.

Iraq: population, cities

At least 70% of them are based in the cities.

As a result of the ongoing civil war-like conditions, at least 2.2 million Iraqis have fled to neighboring countries, mainly to Syria and Jordan. In addition, there are around 2 million internally displaced people.

Ethnic composition

The country's population is made up of approx. 80% Arabs, 17% Kurds and a few smaller minorities such as Turkmen (approx. 2.5%), Assyrians and Armenians. Religion Over 95% of Iraqis are Muslim (around 60% Shiite and 35% Sunnis). The state religion is Sunni Islam, not the religion of the majority of the population. In addition, there are around 3.5% members of various Monophysite, Orthodox and Catholic-Uniate oriental-Christian churches such as Chaldeans, Nestorians, Gregorians, Roman and Syrian Catholics, Armenian and Old Syrian Orthodox Christians as well as Yazidis, Druze and Mandeans. At most 20 !! (twenty) Jews still remained in the land.

Religions

Around 95% of the population are Muslims (approx. 60% Shiites and 35% Sunni).

There are also approx. 1% Christians - with a decreasing trend

National languages

The Iraqis speak 80% Arabic and 15% Kurdish. There are still Bedouin dialects in the southwest. Other minority languages are Turkish (especially in the north), Azerbaijani, Persian (Farsi) and Aramaic.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Iraq is Baghdad with around 7 million residents.

Other major cities in the country are:

  • Basra with around 2.3 million residents,
  • Mosul with around 2.2 million residents,
  • Arbil with around 1 million residents and
  • Sulaimaniyya with around 1 million residents.

Iraq: geography, map

Defined by DigoPaul, Iraq covers an area of 437,393 km2. The country is located in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula. To the north and north-east there is mountainous country, in the south and west there are deserts. The rivers Euphrates and Tigris run through the central part from north to south and form the Mesopotamia surrounded by fertile plains. However, large areas are now without irrigation controls, which has led to flooding and swamping. The south of the country extends to the Persian Gulf. The autonomous region of Kurdistan-Iraq makes up about 8% of the country. The land consists of:

Iraq: geography, map

Forest

Only around 0.4% of the country is forested.

Meadow and pasture land

Around 10% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.

Fields and fields

Around 13.5% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing dates, as well as wheat, rice, maize, barley and fruit and vegetables, deserts and steppes

Deserts and steppes

Around 60% of the country are deserts and steppes. The largest deserts are:

- Al Jazírah in the northwest

- Al Harajah in the south

- Syrian desert in the west of the country.

National borders

Iraq borders on the following six states:

the Turkey with a length of 305 km

to Iran with a length of 1,515 kilometers

Syria with a length of 603 km

Jordan with a length of 147 km

Kuwait with a length of 254 km

Saudi Arabia km with a length of 895th

Longitude and latitude

Iraq extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 28 ° 56 'to 37 ° 16' north latitude

Δλ = from 38 ° 53 'to 48 ° 40' east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

In Iraq, the following applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. without taking summer time into account:

Δt (CET) = + 2 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest point of the sun in Baghdad

A certain place in Baghdad lies at a north latitude of around φ = 33 °.

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer will start in Baghdad, June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

33 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °

so:

H = 80.5 °

Thus the highest position of the sun in Baghdad is 80.5 °.

mountains

In the north of the country are the Taurus and Zagros chain mountains, the highest peaks of which exceed 3,500 m.

Haji Ibrahim

The highest mountain in Iraq is Haji Ibrahim with a height of 3,600 m.

Rivers

Euphrates (Al Furat)

The longest river in the country is the Euphrates (Al Furat) with a total length of 2,736 km. It has its source in Turkey and is also the longest river in the Middle East.

Tigris (Dijla/Digla)

The Tigris (Dijla/Digla) is 1,900 kilometers long and also has its source in Turkey. Both rivers, which form the legendary Mesopotamia, merge in Iraq to form the Shatt al-Arab, which flows into the Persian Gulf.

Chabur

The Chabur is a 320 km long tributary of the Euphrates.

Big Zab (Záb al Kábir), Small Zab

The Big Zab (Záb al Kábir) with a length of 426 km and the Small Zab with a length of 402 km are tributaries of the Tigris, as is the 443 km long Diyala.

Lakes

Buhayrat ath Tharthár

The largest lake in the country is the Buhayrat ath Tharthár reservoir with an area of up to 2,500 km²

Buhayrat ar Razázah

The also artificial Buhayrat ar Razázah reaches an area of up to 1,850 km².

Hawr al Hammar, Hawr as Sa'díyah.

Smaller lakes are Hawr al Hammár and Hawr as Sa'díyah.

Shatt al-Arab, Persian Gulf

Shatt al-Arab

The Shatt al-Arab is a river delta that is formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers near Al Qurnah on the border between Iraq and Iran. Both rivers flow into the Persian Gulf via the river delda.

The river delta or river has a length of around 195 km.

Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf lies between Iran, Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula. It covers an area of 235,000 km² - with a maximum depth of around 100 m and a water content of around 6,000 km³. In the south it goes over the less than approx. 60 km wide and strategically very important Strait from Hormuz into the Gulf of Oman and then into the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean as part of the Pacific Ocean. In addition to Iraq, the following countries are located on the Persian Gulf: Bahrain, Iran, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The inflow of "fresh water" takes place via the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris - the Shatt al-Arab - on the border between Iraq and Iran. Iraq has a coastline to the Persian Gulf with a length of 58 km.

 

Africa

Algeria Angola
Benin Botswana
Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands
Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros
D.R. Congo Djibouti
Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia
Ghana Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya
Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria
Reunion Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia
South Africa South Sudan
Sudan Suriname
Swaziland Tanzania
Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia
Zimbabwe  

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia
Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Bhutan
Brunei Cambodia
China Cyprus
East Timor Georgia
Hong Kong India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Israel
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Lebanon Macau
Malaysia Maldives
Mongolia Myanmar
Nepal North Korea
Oman Pakistan
Palestine Philippines
Qatar Saudi Arabia
Singapore South Korea
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Vietnam
Yemen  

Europe

Aland Albania
Andorra Austria
Belarus Belgium
Bulgaria Croatia
Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland
France Germany
Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland
Italy Kosovo
Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg
Macedonia Malta
Moldova Monaco
Montenegro Netherlands
Norway Poland
Portugal Romania
Russia San Marino
Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
Sweden Switzerland
Ukraine Vatican City

North America

Canada Greenland
Mexico United States

Central America

Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas Barbados
Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba British Virgin Islands
Costa Rica Curacao
Dominica Dominican Republic
Ecuador El Salvador
Guadeloupe Guatemala
Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Martinique
Montserrat Panama
Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

South America

Argentina Bolivia
Brazil Chile
Colombia French Guiana
Guyana Nicaragua
Paraguay Peru
Uruguay Venezuela

Oceania

Australia American Samoa
Cook Islands Easter Island
Fiji Falkland Islands
Guam French Polynesia
Kiribati Marshall Islands
Micronesia Nauru
New Caledonia New Zealand
Niue Northern Mariana Islands
Palau Pitcairn
Samoa Papua New Guinea
Tokelau Solomon Islands
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna
Top 50 Engineering Schools in Asia

Copyright 2020 Top Engineering Schools All Right Reserved.