Iraq: population, cities
According to Countryaah
website, as a result of the known situation in Iraq, the number of people living there is
difficult to determine. But one assumes a population of about 32 million people.
At least 70% of them are based in the cities.
As a result of the ongoing civil war-like conditions, at least 2.2 million
Iraqis have fled to neighboring countries, mainly to Syria and Jordan. In
addition, there are around 2 million internally displaced people.
The country's population is made up of approx. 80% Arabs, 17% Kurds and a few
smaller minorities such as Turkmen (approx. 2.5%), Assyrians and Armenians. Religion Over
95% of Iraqis are Muslim (around 60% Shiite and 35% Sunnis). The state religion
is Sunni Islam, not the religion of the majority of the population. In addition,
there are around 3.5% members of various Monophysite, Orthodox and
Catholic-Uniate oriental-Christian churches such as Chaldeans, Nestorians,
Gregorians, Roman and Syrian Catholics, Armenian and Old Syrian Orthodox
Christians as well as Yazidis, Druze and Mandeans. At most 20 !! (twenty) Jews
still remained in the land.
Around 95% of the population are Muslims (approx. 60% Shiites and 35% Sunni).
There are also approx. 1% Christians - with a decreasing trend
The Iraqis speak 80% Arabic and 15% Kurdish. There are still Bedouin dialects
in the southwest. Other minority languages are Turkish (especially in the
north), Azerbaijani, Persian (Farsi) and Aramaic.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Iraq is Baghdad with around 7 million
Other major cities in the country are:
- Basra with around 2.3 million residents,
- Mosul with around 2.2 million residents,
- Arbil with around 1 million residents and
- Sulaimaniyya with around 1 million residents.
Iraq: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Iraq covers an area of 437,393 km2. The country is located in
the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula. To the north and north-east there is
mountainous country, in the south and west there are deserts. The rivers
Euphrates and Tigris run through the central part from north to south and form
the Mesopotamia surrounded by fertile plains. However, large areas are now
without irrigation controls, which has led to flooding and swamping. The south
of the country extends to the Persian Gulf. The autonomous region of
Kurdistan-Iraq makes up about 8% of the country. The land consists of:
Only around 0.4% of the country is forested.
Meadow and pasture land
Around 10% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
Fields and fields
Around 13.5% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing dates, as well as wheat, rice, maize, barley and fruit and vegetables,
deserts and steppes
Deserts and steppes
Around 60% of the country are deserts and steppes. The largest deserts are:
- Al Jazírah in the northwest
- Al Harajah in the south
- Syrian desert in the west of the country.
Iraq borders on the following six states:
the Turkey with a length of 305 km
to Iran with a length of 1,515 kilometers
Syria with a length of 603 km
Jordan with a length of 147 km
Kuwait with a length of 254 km
Saudi Arabia km with a length of 895th
Longitude and latitude
Iraq extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 28 ° 56 'to 37 ° 16' north latitude
Δλ = from 38 ° 53 'to 48 ° 40' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
In Iraq, the following applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. without
taking summer time into account:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest point of the sun in Baghdad
A certain place in Baghdad lies at a north latitude of around φ = 33 °.
If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer will start in Baghdad,
June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1
(see position of the sun):
33 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
Thus the highest position of the sun in Baghdad is 80.5 °.
In the north of the country are the Taurus and Zagros chain mountains, the
highest peaks of which exceed 3,500 m.
The highest mountain in Iraq is Haji Ibrahim with a height of 3,600 m.
Euphrates (Al Furat)
The longest river in the country is the Euphrates (Al Furat) with a total length
of 2,736 km. It has its source in Turkey and is also the longest river in the
The Tigris (Dijla/Digla) is 1,900 kilometers long and also has its source in
Turkey. Both rivers, which form the legendary Mesopotamia, merge in Iraq to form
the Shatt al-Arab, which flows into the Persian Gulf.
The Chabur is a 320 km long tributary of the Euphrates.
Big Zab (Záb al Kábir), Small Zab
The Big Zab (Záb al Kábir) with a length of 426 km and the Small Zab with a
length of 402 km are tributaries of the Tigris, as is the 443 km long Diyala.
Buhayrat ath Tharthár
The largest lake in the country is the Buhayrat ath Tharthár reservoir with an
area of up to 2,500 km²
Buhayrat ar Razázah
The also artificial Buhayrat ar Razázah reaches an area of up to 1,850 km².
Hawr al Hammar, Hawr as Sa'díyah.
Smaller lakes are Hawr al Hammár and Hawr as Sa'díyah.
Shatt al-Arab, Persian Gulf
The Shatt al-Arab is a river delta that is formed by the confluence of the
Euphrates and Tigris rivers near Al Qurnah on the border between Iraq and
Iran. Both rivers flow into the Persian Gulf via the river delda.
The river delta or river has a length of around 195 km.
The Persian Gulf lies between Iran, Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula. It covers an
area of 235,000 km² - with a maximum depth of around 100 m and a water content
of around 6,000 km³. In the south it goes over the less than approx. 60 km wide
and strategically very important Strait from Hormuz into the Gulf of Oman and
then into the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean as part of the Pacific Ocean. In
addition to Iraq, the following countries are located on the Persian Gulf:
Bahrain, Iran, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab
Emirates. The inflow of "fresh water" takes place via the confluence of the
Euphrates and Tigris - the Shatt al-Arab - on the border between Iraq and
Iran. Iraq has a coastline to the Persian Gulf with a length of 58 km.