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Jamaica

Jamaica: population, cities

Population

Population

According to Countryaah website, Around 3 million people live in Jamaica.

Jamaica: population, cities

Ethnic composition

Most of the country's residents are descendants of African slaves. Around 76% are black and around 15% are mulattos. In addition, there are small minorities of around 1.3% Indians and residents of European or Chinese origin. The Native American Indians (Taíno) have died out as a people, but had previously mixed slightly with the other residents.

Religious affiliation

Around 60% of the country's residents are Protestants and above all Anglicans, Baptists and Methodists, around 4% are Catholics, the rest are distributed among various natural religions as well as Jews, Muslims, Hindus and Bahais.

In addition, about 1% are among the Rastafarians who believe in Emperor Haile Selassi I (1892-1975) of Ethiopia as the returned Messiah who is supposed to bring the oppressed and disadvantaged descendants of the slaves from America to the promised land in Africa. They firmly reject the Western value system and fight for equality for the black population. Their religion also includes extreme intolerance towards homosexuals. The trademark of the Rastafarians developed the felty hairstyle, which is also known in this country, as well as "smoking weed", which is also said to have a religious meaning: the intoxication is supposed to unite the believers and bring them closer to God.

National languages

English and Patois (a Creole language with English roots) are spoken in Jamaica.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Jamaica is Kingston. The Kingston Metropolitan Area (an agglomeration of Kingston and St. Andrew) has around 700,000 residents.

Other larger cities are:

  • Spanish Town with around 150,000 residents
  • Portmore with around 100,000 residents
  • Montego Bay with around 80,000 residents

Jamaica: geography

Defined by DigoPaul, Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean, south of Cuba. It is located in the middle of the tropics, i.e. within the northern and southern tropics.

Jamaica: geography

Area and land use

Jamaica is the third largest of the Caribbean islands and is located approx. 170 km south of Cuba and approx. 200 km west of Haiti in the northwest of the Caribbean Sea (Caribbean).

The landscape is divided mainly into the mountain range of the Blue Mountains, which extends for a length of around 100 km from northwest to southeast, the central high plateau made of limestone and the coastal plains, the moors of which have now been largely drained.

There are narrow sandy beaches mainly on the western tip and in the northwest of the island.

Jamaica covers a total area of 10,990 km².

Thereof:

  • Forest

    Around 15% of the country is forested, mostly impenetrable rainforest.

  • Meadows and pasture land

    Around 18% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.

  • Fields and fields

    Around 26% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing bananas, coffee, citrus fruits and sugar cane for export.

  • Swamp

    Because of the very high amounts of rainfall, especially in the north of the island, there are extensive swamps in Jamaica.

  • Mountains

    The island is crossed from northwest to southeast by the mountain range of the Blue Mountains.

Coastline

Jamaica has a coastline of 1,025 km.

Tidal range

In Jamaica the mean tidal range is up to 3 meters.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.

Compare:

The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Jamaica extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 17 ° 45 'N to 18 ° 30' N

Δλ = from 076 ° 15 'W to 078 ° 15' W.

You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical longitude and latitude.

Legal time

For Jamaica, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without daylight saving time). A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = - 6 h

More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.

Highest sun in Kingston

Kingston lies at a north latitude of φ = 18 °, i.e. in the tropics.

Since Jamaica is located within the northern and southern tropics - i.e. in the tropics - the sun is exactly vertical there twice a year. This is the case if the declination of the sun is equal to the value of the latitude of the place that is currently being viewed, here from Kingston with a latitude of 18 °. This happens around 21 days before June 21st and then again 21 days after June 21st.

Attention

If the declination of the sun is north of Kingston, the sun is not in the south but in the north at noon. The sun then moves from east to north to west, where it then sets.

mountains

Blue Mountain Peak

The highest mountain in the country is the Blue Mountain Peak with a height of 2,256 m.

Rivers

Black River

The longest river in the country is the Black River with a length of around 70 km.

Other rivers in the country are:

Cabaritta River

The Cabaritta River has a length of about 40 km

Hector's River

A section of the river runs six kilometers underground.

Rio Cobre

Islands

Pedro Cays

In the Pedro Bank, a sandbank off the south coast of Jamaica, are the Pedro Cays, a tiny, uninhabited group of islands with an area of only 0.23 km².

The caribbean

Jamaica is located in the middle of the Caribbean - approx. 200 km west of Haiti and approx. 170 km south of Cuba.

The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between the islands of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and other Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the "actual" Atlantic: Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba.

The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".

 

Africa

Algeria Angola
Benin Botswana
Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands
Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros
D.R. Congo Djibouti
Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia
Ghana Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya
Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria
Reunion Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia
South Africa South Sudan
Sudan Suriname
Swaziland Tanzania
Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia
Zimbabwe  

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia
Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Bhutan
Brunei Cambodia
China Cyprus
East Timor Georgia
Hong Kong India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Israel
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Lebanon Macau
Malaysia Maldives
Mongolia Myanmar
Nepal North Korea
Oman Pakistan
Palestine Philippines
Qatar Saudi Arabia
Singapore South Korea
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Vietnam
Yemen  

Europe

Aland Albania
Andorra Austria
Belarus Belgium
Bulgaria Croatia
Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland
France Germany
Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland
Italy Kosovo
Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg
Macedonia Malta
Moldova Monaco
Montenegro Netherlands
Norway Poland
Portugal Romania
Russia San Marino
Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
Sweden Switzerland
Ukraine Vatican City

North America

Canada Greenland
Mexico United States

Central America

Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas Barbados
Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba British Virgin Islands
Costa Rica Curacao
Dominica Dominican Republic
Ecuador El Salvador
Guadeloupe Guatemala
Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Martinique
Montserrat Panama
Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

South America

Argentina Bolivia
Brazil Chile
Colombia French Guiana
Guyana Nicaragua
Paraguay Peru
Uruguay Venezuela

Oceania

Australia American Samoa
Cook Islands Easter Island
Fiji Falkland Islands
Guam French Polynesia
Kiribati Marshall Islands
Micronesia Nauru
New Caledonia New Zealand
Niue Northern Mariana Islands
Palau Pitcairn
Samoa Papua New Guinea
Tokelau Solomon Islands
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna
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