Jamaica: population, cities
Countryaah website, Around 3 million people live in Jamaica.
Most of the country's residents are descendants of African
slaves. Around 76% are black and around 15% are mulattos. In addition, there are
small minorities of around 1.3% Indians and residents of European or Chinese
origin. The Native American Indians (Taíno) have died out as a people, but had
previously mixed slightly with the other residents.
Around 60% of the country's residents are Protestants and
above all Anglicans, Baptists and Methodists, around 4% are Catholics, the rest
are distributed among various natural religions as well as Jews, Muslims, Hindus
In addition, about 1% are among the Rastafarians who believe in Emperor Haile
Selassi I (1892-1975) of Ethiopia as the returned Messiah who is supposed to
bring the oppressed and disadvantaged descendants of the slaves from America to
the promised land in Africa. They firmly reject the Western value system and
fight for equality for the black population. Their religion also includes
extreme intolerance towards homosexuals. The trademark of the Rastafarians
developed the felty hairstyle, which is also known in this country, as well as
"smoking weed", which is also said to have a religious meaning: the intoxication
is supposed to unite the believers and bring them closer to God.
English and Patois (a Creole language with English roots) are spoken in
Capital, other cities
The capital of Jamaica is Kingston. The Kingston
Metropolitan Area (an agglomeration of Kingston and St. Andrew) has around
Other larger cities are:
- Spanish Town with around 150,000
- Portmore with around 100,000 residents
- Montego Bay with around 80,000 residents
Defined by DigoPaul, Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean, south of Cuba. It is located
in the middle of the tropics, i.e. within the northern and southern tropics.
Area and land use
Jamaica is the third largest of the Caribbean islands and is located approx.
170 km south of Cuba and approx. 200 km west of Haiti in the northwest of the
Caribbean Sea (Caribbean).
The landscape is divided mainly into the mountain range of the Blue Mountains,
which extends for a length of around 100 km from northwest to southeast, the
central high plateau made of limestone and the coastal plains, the moors of
which have now been largely drained.
There are narrow sandy beaches mainly on the western tip and in the northwest of
Jamaica covers a total area of 10,990 km².
Around 15% of the country is forested, mostly impenetrable rainforest.
- Meadows and pasture land
Around 18% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 26% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing bananas, coffee, citrus fruits and sugar cane for export.
Because of the very high amounts of rainfall, especially in the north of the
island, there are extensive swamps in Jamaica.
The island is crossed from northwest to southeast by the mountain range of
the Blue Mountains.
Jamaica has a coastline of 1,025 km.
In Jamaica the mean tidal range is up to 3 meters.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while
it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Jamaica extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 17 ° 45 'N to 18 ° 30' N
Δλ = from 076 ° 15 'W to 078 ° 15' W.
You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical
longitude and latitude.
For Jamaica, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without daylight saving time). A minus sign means that it is earlier
there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.
Highest sun in Kingston
Kingston lies at a north latitude of φ = 18 °, i.e. in the tropics.
Since Jamaica is located within the northern and southern tropics - i.e. in the
tropics - the sun is exactly vertical there twice a year. This is the case if
the declination of the sun is equal to the value of the latitude of the place
that is currently being viewed, here from Kingston with a latitude of 18 °. This
happens around 21 days before June 21st and then again 21 days after June 21st.
If the declination of the sun is north of Kingston, the sun is not in the south
but in the north at noon. The sun then moves from east to north to west, where
it then sets.
Blue Mountain Peak
The highest mountain in the country is the Blue Mountain Peak with a
height of 2,256 m.
The longest river in the country is the Black River with a length of
around 70 km.
Other rivers in the country are:
The Cabaritta River has a length of about 40 km
A section of the river runs six kilometers underground.
In the Pedro Bank, a sandbank off the south coast of Jamaica, are the
Pedro Cays, a tiny, uninhabited group of islands with an area of only 0.23
Jamaica is located in the middle of the Caribbean - approx. 200 km west of
Haiti and approx. 170 km south of Cuba.
The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between the islands
of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and other
Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and
Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or
archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the "actual" Atlantic:
Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands,
Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba.
The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the
Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the
Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".