Kenya: population and cities
Countryaah website, Kenya has about 50 million residents.
The population of Kenya, apart from the immigrants, is composed of around 42
ethnic groups, of which around 21% are Kikuju, 15% Luo, 13% Luhya and 11% each
Kalenjin and Kamba as well as around 30% members of other tribes.
About 80,000 people are of Asian and 60,000 European descent.
About 70% of Kenyans are Christian. About 20% of Kenyans profess Islam.
These Kenyans live mainly along the coast and on Lamu. 10% of Kenyans believe in
traditional natural religions.
The official languages are Swahili and English. In addition, around 30 African
languages are spoken, with almost two thirds of the population speaking Bantu
and around a quarter Nilotic languages.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Kenya is Nairobi, with a population of around 3.5
The second largest city in the country is Mombasa with about 950,000
residents. It is also Kenya and even East Africa's most important port
city. The Islamic old town is particularly worth seeing in Mombasa, with its
narrow and winding streets and the street vendors who sell handcrafted goods.
Kisumu has about 250,000 residents and is located in the west of the country
on Lake Victoria.
Nakuru has about 315,000 residents.
Other larger cities are:
- Machakos with around 150,000 residents
- Eldoret with around 300,000 residents.
Kenya: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Kenya is located in East Africa on the Indian Ocean. The north of Kenya
consists of desert, the south of savannah landscape. Fertile plains are found on
the coast and on the shores of Lake Victoria. West Kenya is mountainous, with
the Rift Valley to the north, the East African Rift Valley.
Area and boundaries
Kenya covers a total area of 582,646 km². Thereof:
Around 29% of the country is forested or bushland. The annual clearing is
about 930 km².
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 6% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
Around 22% of the country consists of wet or dry savannah.
- Fields and fields
Around 4% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing tea, coffee, cotton, sisal, tobacco, cloves and cashew nuts.
Because of climate change, the country is increasingly suffering from water
shortages. Therefore, people have started to switch to camels instead of
cattle. There are now over two million of these animals living here.
Kenya shares a border with the following five countries:
- Ethiopia with a length of around 860 km,
- Somalia with a length of 680 km,
- South Sudan with a length of 230 km,
- Tanzania with a length of 770 km and
- Uganda with a length of 935 km.
Kenya has a coastline to the Indian Ocean with a length of about 535 km.
Tidal range in Kenya
In Kenya the mean tidal range is around 2 to 3 m.
(For a detailed explanation of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is
located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova
Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On
the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic
Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely
noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Kenya extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from latitude 04 ° 40 'north to latitude 04 ° 40'
Δλ = from 034 ° to 042 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Kenya, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus
sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest level of the sun in Nairobi
Nairobi, the capital of the country, lies on a southern latitude of around φ
= 01 °. If the declination of the sun has a value of 01 ° south and the sun's
image point is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular to the
city. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 5 days before March 21st and 5
days after September 21st (for details see position of the sun).
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Nairobi, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is Mount Kenya with
a height of 5,199 m. Other high mountains are:
- Mount Elgon with a height of 4,231 m
- Mount Aberdares with a height of 3,999 m.
The longest river in the country is the Tana with a
length of probably 710 km. Other rivers in Kenya are the Athi-Galana-Sabaki with
a total length of 390 km and the Guam-Turkwel with a
length of 380 km.
Lakes, Lake Victoria
The largest lake in Kenya is Lake Victoria with an area of 68,870 km² - even
if in Kenya - in the northeastern part of the lake - there is only a very small
part of the lake. After the Caspian Sea and Lake Superior in America (USA/
Canada), Lake Victoria is the third largest lake in the world and the largest
lake in Africa. Overall, in addition to Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda also border
the lake. The main tributary of the lake is the Kagera Nile, which flows into
the lake in the northwest on the border between Tanzania and Uganda. The main
outflow - to the north of the lake in Uganda - is the Victoria Nile.
The water volume of the lake is about 2,770 km³ - with a maximum depth of 85
m. Approximately in its middle, the lake borders Uganda in the north of Tanzania
over a length of around 250 km. For example, while Lake Tanganyika has a tubular
shape, the Victoriasse appears more rectangular. The largest island in the lake
is Ukerewe in Tanzania - with an area of 560 km². Hippos and around 550
species of freshwater fish live on or in the lake.
Other larger lakes are:
The lake covers an area of 105 km². This lake is also one of the soda lakes in
the East African Rift Valley. Flamingos, Egyptian geese, pelicans, herons and
fish eagles live by or on the lake.
The lake with an area of 135 km² is a freshwater lake at an altitude of 1,880
m. Around 300 species of birds live by or on the lake - such as ibises, goliath
herons, cormorants, marabous, pelicans and sea eagles. Antelopes, hippos,
giraffes, wildebeests and zebras live in the vicinity of the lake.
The lake with an area of 40 km² is only up to 4 m deep and has no natural
runoff. The lake only loses its water through evaporation. As a result, the lake
has accumulated a high proportion of sodium carbonate compounds over time,
making it one of the so-called "soda lakes" in the East African Rift Valley -
the Rift Valley. The lake is widely known for its millions of flamingos, who
stay here temporarily and feed on the lake's blue-green algae or small
crustaceans. It is only through this food that the animals acquire their
characteristic reddish or pink color
The Turkana Lake (Rudolfsee) covers an area of 6,405 km² whose northernmost
part belongs to Ethiopia. It received its original name - Rudolfsee - in honor
of the Austrian heir to the throne, Crown Prince Rudolf. The lake lies in the
East African Rift. In the vicinity of the lake there are partly very active
Since the lake has no natural runoff, but loses its water through
evaporation, the lake is becoming increasingly salinized. Therefore, the water
of Lake Turkana is soda (sodium carbonate compounds) and also rich in fish and
algae. Particularly noteworthy are the tiger tetra and the Nile perch. The
crocodiles living on the banks can be dangerous for visitors. It should also be
noted that the first Homo rudolfensis site is located near the lake. It was
named after the place where it was found (Rudolfsee). The Turkana parks were
added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997.
The small islands of Mfanganu and Rusinga are offshore.
The Indian Ocean
Kenya borders the Indian Ocean for around 535 km in the east of the country.