Kyrgyzstan: population, cities
Countryaah website, Kyrgyzstan has about 5.5 million residents.
The Kyrgyz represent around 70% of the population, 8.4% are Russians,
15% Uzbeks. In addition, Ukrainians, Tatars, people of German origin (around
10,000), Tajiks and Azeris (Azerbaijanis) live in the country.
After the serious riots in June 2010 and the related refugee movements, some
things may change in the ethnic composition.
80% of the Kyrgyz population are Sunni Mulime, 17% are Russian Orthodox
Christians and there are small minorities of other creeds.
Kyrgyz and Russian
Capital, other cities
The capital of Kyrgyzstan is Bishkek with officially around
one million residents.
Other cities are:
Osh with around 218,700 residents
Jalalabad with around 74,200 residents
Tokmok with around 71,200 residents
Kara-Köl with around 64,300 residents.
Defined by DigoPaul, Kyrgyzstan is located in Central Asia. The country borders with Kazakhstan to
the north, China to the southeast, Tajikistan to the south and Uzbekistan to the
Area and land use
About three generations ago, many of the country's residents were still
nomads, which is still noticeable everywhere today. The bazaars with a touch of
the Islamic Orient are a shopping paradise for fruit and vegetables. But you can
also find leather, furs and woolen items here. Over two-thirds of the country
are over 1,500 m high.
Kyrgyzstan covers a total area of 198,500 km². About 50% of the gross domestic
product is earned in agriculture. The country is known for its fruit and
vegetables - especially apples and tomatoes. But animal products such as fur,
leather or woolen items also play an important role.
Around 5% of the country is forested.
- Arable land and fields
Around 54% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing fodder crops, grain, cotton, fruit, vegetables and livestock.
In Kyrgyzstan there is the mountain system of the Tian Shan,
the Alai and Transalai mountains and the foothills of the Pamir
Kyrgyzstan has a common border with a total of 4 states with a total length
of 3,878 km.
There are the borders with:
Uzbekistan with a length of around 1,099 km,
Kazakhstan with a length of around 1,051 km,
Tajikistan with a length of around 870 km,
China with a length of around 858 km.
Longitude and latitude
Kyrgyzstan extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 39 ° to 43 ° 10 'north latitude
Δλ = from around 069 ° to 080 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Kyrgyzstan, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there
and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
|Δ t (CET) = + 4 h to + 5 h
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Bishkek
Bishkek lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 43 °.
If the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °,
summer starts in Bishkek, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the
sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
43 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 70.5 °, the sun in Bishkek has the highest level of the entire year above
the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
Pik Podeda (Dschengisch Tschokusu)
The highest mountain in the country is Pik Podeda with a height of 7,439 m. It
lies on the border with China, east of Lake Issykköl . The
border between Kyrgyzstan and China runs exactly over the top of the mountain.
Peak With a height of 7,134 m, the mountain is the second highest mountain in
the country. It is located in the Osh region near the border with Tajikistan in
the northern part of the Pamir Mountains.
The Khan Tengri is the third highest mountain in the country at 7,010
m. It is located in the Tian Shan - mountains in the border
triangle of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan and China.
In February 2011 the previously unnamed 4,446 m high mountain in the
Alattoo massif was named in honor of the Russian politician Putin
Syr Darya (Syr Darya)
The longest river in the country is the Syr Darya with a length
of around 2,210 km. The river is created by the confluence of the Naryn and Kara
Darja rivers. It flows into the Aral Sea.
The river has its source in the north of Kyrgyzstan at the southeastern
foot of the Kyrgyz mountains above the Orto-Tokoy reservoir and "seeps away"
after approx. 1,065 km into the deserts or semi-deserts of Kazakhstan.
The river has a length of 175 km and together with the Naryn forms the
The Naryn is an 805 km long headwaters of the Syrdaja. It is one of the
longest rivers in the Kyrgyz part of the Tianshan Mountains. Its source is south
of Lake Issykköl, which it does not reach, however. The river flows through the
Toktogul reservoir and crosses the border to Uzbekistan southwest of it, where
it joins the Karadarja near the 400,000-resident town of Namangan and thus
forms the Syrdarja.
The Talas is an approx. 660 km long river in the north of Kyrgyzstan
and in the southeast of Kazakhstan. The river has its source in the
administrative area (= oblast) Talas in the Kyrgyz mountains through the
confluence of the Karakol and Uschkaschi rivers. Due to the large amount of
water being drawn off, it seeps into the Mujunkum desert.
Issykköl Lake (Issik Kul)
The largest lake in the country is Issykköl Lake (Warm Lake) with an
area of about 6,240 km². The dischargeless lake located in the northeast of
the country in the Tian Shan - mountains at an altitude of
1,605 m .
Son Kul (Song Köl)
With a length of 30 km and a width of 18 km, Son Kul is the second
largest lake in the country. The lake is located in the Naryn Province at an
altitude of about 3,000 m.
The lake is around 7.5 km long - with a width between 350 m and 1500
m. It is located at an altitude of approx. 1,875 m. Its maximum depth is around
235 m - making it the second deepest lake in Kyrgyzstan. The lake is located in
the Sary Tschelek Biosphere Reserve National Park, established in 1959.
The lake is located in the Tian Shan Mountains in
the Naryn Province. It covers an area of around 181 km² with a maximum depth
of 16.5 m. The lake surface is at an altitude of 3,500 m.
This dam is the largest in Kyrgyzstan with an area of around 284 km²
and a water volume of 19.5 km³. The dam, completed in 1975, is located on the
Naryn, a tributary of the Syr Darja. It is right
on the border with Uzbekistan.