Lebanon: population and cities
Countryaah website, Lebanon has around 4.8 million residents.
Lebanon has a population density of around 434 residents per km2, of which
approx. 93% are Arabs, along with mainly Kurds and Armenians.
affiliation Around 60% of the population are Muslims (mainly Sunnis, Shiites,
Druze), about 40% are Christians (mainly Maronites, Greek Orthodox).
language The national languages are Arabic (priority) and
Capital, other cities
The capital of the Republic of Lebanon is Beirut with a population of around
Other cities are:
- Tripoli with around 500,000 residents
- Sidon with around 200,000 residents
- Nabathieh with around 350,000 residents
New York (8 million) in the USA,
Sao Paulo (> 17 million) in Brazil,
Berlin (3.4 million) in Germany,
London (7.2 million) in England and Great Britain,
Beijing (City 6 million) in China,
Mexico City in Mexico, the most populous city on earth (over
Tokyo (11.8 million) in Japan.
Defined by DigoPaul, Lebanon is located in the Middle East between Israel, Syria and the
Mediterranean. It has an approximately rectangular shape, narrowing in the north
and south. At the widest point it measures 88 km, at the narrowest it is 32
km. The country is 212 km long. Most of the country is more than 1,000 m above
Area and land use
The Republic of Lebanon covers a total area of 10,452 km².
- Meadows, pastures
- Arable land
- Permanent cultivation
Wine, citrus fruits, dessert fruits, vegetables and potatoes are grown. There is
also cattle, sheep, goat and poultry farming.
Lebanon borders Israel to the south (79 km) and Syria (375
km) to the north and east.
The length of the Lebanese Mediterranean coast is 225 km.
Tidal range in Lebanon
Even in stormy weather, the tidal range is only about 40 cm.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three
meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only
0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Lebanon extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 33 ° to 35 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 036 ° to 037 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For the Republic of Lebanon, the following value applies to Central European
Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time)
in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier
there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Beirut
Beirut lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 34 °.
If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Beirut, on
June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1
(see position of the sun):
34 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 79.5 °, the sun in Beirut has the highest level of the entire year above
the horizon (precisely: above the horizon).
Mountains, Qornet es Saouda
Qornet es Saouda
The highest mountain in the country is the Qornet es Saouda with a
height of 3,088 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Qornet el-Asharah with a height of 2,903 m
- Jebel Sannîn with a height of 2,548 m.
Rivers, Nahr al-Litani
The longest river in the country is the Nahr al-Litani with a length of
Other (small) rivers in the country are:
Lakes, Lac de Karaoun
Lac de Karaoun
The only "larger" lake in Lebanon is Lac de Karaoun, an artificial lake
with an area of around 11 km².
The Mediterranean covers an area of 2.5 million km². It is connected to the
Atlantic Ocean by the Strait of Gibraltar, which is around 15 km wide at its
narrowest point. And over the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmara and the Bosperus
with the Black Sea. Its deepest point - the so-called Calypso Deep - at around
5,265 m is in the Ionian Sea south of the Greek Peloponnese peninsula. In the
Mediterranean there are two still active volcanoes, it is the approx. 916 m high
Stromboli on the approx. 12.6 km² large island of the same name, which is part
of the Aeolian Islands. In Sicily near Catania and Messina there is the
approximately 3,323 m high Etna. The approx. 1,280 m high Vesuvius near Naples
on the mainland, which was built in 79 AD. Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum is
currently inactive - its last eruption occurred in 1944.
The Mediterranean borders or belongs to Europe, Asia and Africa, which it not
only divides but also connects with each other since ancient times. The
following countries are located on or in the Mediterranean Sea (in alphabetical
The largest and most famous islands in the Mediterranean are:
Sicily - the largest island of the Mediterranean Sea - with
an area of 25,703 km²
Sardinia with an area of 24,090 km²
Cyprus with an area of 9,251 km²
Corsica with an area of 8,680 km²
Crete with an area of 8,331 km²
Mallorca (Balearic Islands) with an area of 4,992 km²
Lesbos with an area of 1,636 km²
Rhodes with an area of 1,401 km²
Chios with an area of 843 km²
Menorca with an area of 694 km²
Corfu with an area of 593 km²
Ibiza with an area of 571 km²
Samoswith an area of 478 km²
Limnos with an area of 478 km²
Naxos with an area of 389 km²
Andros with an area of 389 km²
Thasos with an area of 380 km²
Kos with an area of 288 km²
Gökçeada with an area of 287 km²
Ikaria with an area of 255 km²
Malta with an area of 246 km² (main island)
Elba with an area of 225 km²