Liberia: population and cities
Countryaah website, Liberia has around 5 million people. Population growth in the country is around
2.1% per year. Life expectancy is very low. It is just an average of 44.7 years.
The population of Liberia is made up of a total of 16 ethnic groups. Of these,
around 20% are Kpelle, 14% Bassa, 9% Grebo, 8% Kru, 8% Gio, 7% Mandingo and 6%
affiliation Liberia is about 80% of the population Christian (especially on the
coast) and 15% Muslim. In addition, many people are followers of natural
religions, even if they belong to one of the religious communities mentioned.
However, the information on religious affiliation differs greatly from one
another in various sources.
English is the official language of Liberia and is spoken by around 20% of the
population. However, this is not High English, but a language peppered with
African loan words, which can be called Liberian English. English is considered
the mother tongue of only 2.5% of people. In addition to English, there are
around 20 African tribal languages such as Mande (especially in the north and
west) and Kru (especially in the south and east) as well as Golla and Kpelle. It
must be pointed out, however, that none of the African languages has yet
managed to assume a dominant position in the country. Many of the African
languages have their own script. The most famous of these is certainly the Vai
script, a syllabary script of the Vai people.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Liberia is Monrovia with a population of around 1.2 million. The
city is located in the western part of the country on the Atlantic Ocean.
Liberia's second largest city with around 50,000 residents is Gbarnga, around
175 km northeast of Monrovia on the Jaw River.
Other major cities are the location in the north on the border with Guinea Ganta with
about 40,000 residents, which was named after Thomas Buchanan and located on
the Atlantic Ocean Buchanan with its 35,000 residents, and Harper,
a port city in the south of Liberia. About 30,000 people live there.
Liberia: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Liberia covers an area of 100,067 km². Thereof:
Around 17% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 59% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 6% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing rice, oil palms, cocoa, coffee and rubber.
Liberia shares a border with the following three countries:
- Guinea with a length of 563 km,
- Ivory Coast with a length of 716 km,
- Sierra Leone with a length of 306 km.
Longitude and latitude
Liberia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 4 ° 20 'to 8 ° 30' north latitude
Δλ = from 007 ° 30 'to 011 ° 30' west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Liberia, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest point of the sun in Monrovia
Monrovia lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 06.5 °
If the declination of the sun has the value 06 ° 30 'north and the image
point of the sun is thus above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This
happens twice a year, roughly 25 days after March 21st and 25 days before
September 21st (for details see position of the sun).
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination is north of the latitude
of Monrovia, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in
the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like
us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is Mount Nimba with a height of 1,752
m. Other mountains are:
- Mount Waulo with a height of 1,400 m,
- Wutivi with a height of 1,380 m,
- Rivets (Putu Range) with a height of
The longest river in the country is the Cavally with a length of 515 km. Other
rivers in the country are:
- Saint Paul
- Saint John
The country includes several smaller lakes. The largest of these is Lake Piso .
Liberia borders the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest of the country with a
length of around 580 km.