You are here: Top Engineering Schools > Africa > Libya

Libya

Libya: population and cities

Population

Population

According to Countryaah website, Libya has around 6.7 million people.

Libya: population and cities

Ethnic composition

In Libya predominantly Arabs and minorities of Berbers live in a narrow strip in the north-west, Tuaregs in a smaller area in the west and south-west and Tebus in the south-east. There are also numerous workers from Egypt, China, Turkey, India and Germans - to name a few of the home nations - in the country

Religious

affiliation Islam is the state religion in Libya, around 97% of the population are Muslims (including from the reform order of the Sunni Senussi and Ibadis). There are also Catholic, Coptic and Orthodox minorities.

Overall, around 2.7% profess Christianity.

National language

The official language in Libya is Arabic. In addition, Berber and Nilo-Saharan languages as well as English and Italian are in use.

Capital and other cities

Tripoli

is the capital of Libya is a detailed illustration of the city can be found here >>> Benghazi (including Benghazi) Benghazi has about 650,000 residents and is the second largest city of Libya. The port city is located in the east of the country on the Mediterranean. Tobruk Tobruk has about 125,000 residents and is located in the east of the country on the Atlantic Ocean. Leptis Magna The once third largest city of the Roman Empire is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Already during the Italian colonial era, excavations revealed many theaters, thermal baths, market forums, basilicas and boulevards, which have been preserved in enormous height and with numerous designs.

Ghadames

Ghadames with its approx. 7,000 residents, who are mainly composed of Berbers and Tuaregs, is an oasis city in the west of the country.

Other cities are:

  • Az-Zawiyah with around 250,000 residents
  • Homs (Al-Khums) with around 150,000 residents
  • Misurata (Misratah) with around 130,000 residents.

Libya: geography, map

Defined by DigoPaul, overall, a good 85% of the country's area is taken up by the Sahara. Only around two percent of the area can be used for agriculture. After Sudan, Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa by area. Libya covers an area of 1,775,500 km². Thereof:

Libya: geography, map

  • Forest

    Only around 0.1% of the country is forested.

  • Desert

    Around 90% of the country is occupied by the Sahara.

  • Fields and fields

    Around 2% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing barley and wheat, date palms, olive trees, tobacco, wine, vegetables and peanuts.

Libya shares a border with the following six countries:

Algeria with a length of 982 km,

Egypt with a length of 1,115 km,

Niger with a length of 354 km,

Sudan with a length of 383 km,

Chad with a length of 1,055 km and

Tunisia with a length of 459 km.

National borders

Libya shares a border with the following six states:

- Algeria with a length of 982 km,

- Egypt with a length of 1,115 km,

- Niger with a length of 354 km,

- Sudan with a length of 383 km,

- Chad with a length of 1,055 km and

- Tunisia with a length of 459 km.

Longitude and latitude

Libya extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 20 ° to 33 ° north latitude

Δλ = from around 009 ° to 025 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Time

For Libya, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = + 1 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest level of the sun in Tripoli

Tripoli lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 33 °.

As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer starts in Tripoli, June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

33 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °

so:

H = 80.5 °

With 80.5 ° the sun in Tripoli has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).

mountains

Bikku Bitti

The highest mountain in the country is the Bikku Bitti with a height of 2,267 m.

Rivers

In Libya - as one of the few countries in the world - there are no rivers that carry water all year round.

There are only so-called "wadis" there, which only temporarily carry water after heavy rainfall.

Lakes

There are no larger lakes in Libya.

The Sahara

The Sahara covers an area of around 9 million km², making it the largest dry desert in the world. However, only about 20% of the Sahara is what can be described as a sandy desert. In contrast, 80% of it is a stone or rubble desert. The Sahara in northern Africa stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Nile and on the other side further to the Red Sea in the east. In the north it is bounded by the Maghreb - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya, in the south lies the Sahel zone.

Sand dunes of the kind that an outsider would imagine can be found in the Ténéré sand desert in Niger - which is often referred to as the desert in the desert (Sahara). There are "real" sand dunes with heights of up to 400 m, and there are also a few wadis (rivers that only carry water at times) and valleys with numerous plants and animals. Mainly Tuaregs live here. Numerous dinosaur fossils were found in the vicinity of Tiguidit, proof that the climate here was significantly different in their time (they died out 60 million years ago). In the west it is bounded by the Air Mountains.

Countries in which parts of the Sahara are located in addition to Libya: Egypt, Algeria, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan, Chad and Tunisia. The few residents of the Sahara are Arabs, Berbers and Moors as well as small groups of Tubu or Tuaregs.

Great Syrte, Mediterranean

In the north of the country, Libya borders on the Great Syrte over a length of around 1,770 km and thus directly on the Mediterranean Sea.

 

Africa

Algeria Angola
Benin Botswana
Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands
Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros
D.R. Congo Djibouti
Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia
Ghana Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya
Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria
Reunion Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia
South Africa South Sudan
Sudan Suriname
Swaziland Tanzania
Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia
Zimbabwe  

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia
Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Bhutan
Brunei Cambodia
China Cyprus
East Timor Georgia
Hong Kong India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Israel
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Lebanon Macau
Malaysia Maldives
Mongolia Myanmar
Nepal North Korea
Oman Pakistan
Palestine Philippines
Qatar Saudi Arabia
Singapore South Korea
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Vietnam
Yemen  

Europe

Aland Albania
Andorra Austria
Belarus Belgium
Bulgaria Croatia
Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland
France Germany
Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland
Italy Kosovo
Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg
Macedonia Malta
Moldova Monaco
Montenegro Netherlands
Norway Poland
Portugal Romania
Russia San Marino
Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
Sweden Switzerland
Ukraine Vatican City

North America

Canada Greenland
Mexico United States

Central America

Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas Barbados
Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba British Virgin Islands
Costa Rica Curacao
Dominica Dominican Republic
Ecuador El Salvador
Guadeloupe Guatemala
Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Martinique
Montserrat Panama
Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

South America

Argentina Bolivia
Brazil Chile
Colombia French Guiana
Guyana Nicaragua
Paraguay Peru
Uruguay Venezuela

Oceania

Australia American Samoa
Cook Islands Easter Island
Fiji Falkland Islands
Guam French Polynesia
Kiribati Marshall Islands
Micronesia Nauru
New Caledonia New Zealand
Niue Northern Mariana Islands
Palau Pitcairn
Samoa Papua New Guinea
Tokelau Solomon Islands
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna
Top 50 Engineering Schools in Asia

Copyright 2020 Top Engineering Schools All Right Reserved.