Libya: population and cities
Countryaah website, Libya has around 6.7 million people.
In Libya predominantly Arabs and minorities of Berbers live in a narrow strip in
the north-west, Tuaregs in a smaller area in the west and south-west and Tebus
in the south-east. There are also numerous workers from Egypt, China, Turkey,
India and Germans - to name a few of the home nations - in the country
affiliation Islam is the state religion in Libya, around 97% of the population
are Muslims (including from the reform order of the Sunni Senussi and
Ibadis). There are also Catholic, Coptic and Orthodox minorities.
Overall, around 2.7% profess Christianity.
The official language in Libya is Arabic. In addition, Berber and Nilo-Saharan
languages as well as English and Italian are in use.
Capital and other cities
is the capital of Libya is a detailed illustration of the city can be found here
>>> Benghazi (including Benghazi) Benghazi has about 650,000
residents and is the second largest city of Libya. The port city is located in
the east of the country on the Mediterranean. Tobruk Tobruk has
about 125,000 residents and is located in the east of the country on the
Atlantic Ocean. Leptis Magna The once third largest city of the
Roman Empire is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Already during the Italian
colonial era, excavations revealed many theaters, thermal baths, market forums,
basilicas and boulevards, which have been preserved in enormous height and with
Ghadames with its approx. 7,000 residents, who are mainly composed of
Berbers and Tuaregs, is an oasis city in the west of the country.
Other cities are:
- Az-Zawiyah with around 250,000 residents
- Homs (Al-Khums) with around 150,000 residents
- Misurata (Misratah) with around 130,000 residents.
Libya: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, overall, a good 85% of the country's area is taken up by the Sahara. Only
around two percent of the area can be used for agriculture. After Sudan, Algeria
and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya is the fourth largest country in
Africa by area. Libya covers an area of 1,775,500 km². Thereof:
Only around 0.1% of the country is forested.
Around 90% of the country is occupied by the Sahara.
- Fields and fields
Around 2% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing barley and wheat, date palms, olive trees, tobacco, wine, vegetables
Libya shares a border with the following six countries:
Algeria with a length of 982 km,
Egypt with a length of 1,115 km,
Niger with a length of 354 km,
Sudan with a length of 383 km,
Chad with a length of 1,055 km and
Tunisia with a length of 459 km.
Libya shares a border with the following six states:
- Algeria with a length of 982 km,
- Egypt with a length of 1,115 km,
- Niger with a length of 354 km,
- Sudan with a length of 383 km,
- Chad with a length of 1,055 km and
- Tunisia with a length of 459 km.
Longitude and latitude
Libya extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 20 ° to 33 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 009 ° to 025 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Libya, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus
sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest level of the sun in Tripoli
Tripoli lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 33 °.
As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer starts in
Tripoli, June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according
to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
33 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
With 80.5 ° the sun in Tripoli has the highest level of the entire year above
the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
The highest mountain in the country is the Bikku Bitti with a height of 2,267 m.
In Libya - as one of the few countries in the world - there are no rivers
that carry water all year round.
There are only so-called "wadis" there, which only temporarily carry water after
There are no larger lakes in Libya.
The Sahara covers an area of around 9 million km², making it the largest
dry desert in the world. However, only about 20% of the Sahara is what can be
described as a sandy desert. In contrast, 80% of it is a stone or rubble
desert. The Sahara in northern Africa stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the
west to the Nile and on the other side further to the Red Sea in the east. In
the north it is bounded by the Maghreb - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya, in
the south lies the Sahel zone.
Sand dunes of the kind that an outsider would imagine can be found in the
Ténéré sand desert in Niger - which is often referred to as the desert in the
desert (Sahara). There are "real" sand dunes with heights of up to 400 m, and
there are also a few wadis (rivers that only carry water at times) and valleys
with numerous plants and animals. Mainly Tuaregs live here. Numerous dinosaur
fossils were found in the vicinity of Tiguidit, proof that the climate here was
significantly different in their time (they died out 60 million years ago). In
the west it is bounded by the Air Mountains.
Countries in which parts of the Sahara are located in addition to Libya:
Egypt, Algeria, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan, Chad and Tunisia. The
few residents of the Sahara are Arabs, Berbers and Moors as well as small
groups of Tubu or Tuaregs.
Great Syrte, Mediterranean
In the north of the country, Libya borders on the Great Syrte over a length
of around 1,770 km and thus directly on the Mediterranean Sea.