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Macedonia

Macedonia Population and cities

Population

According to Countryaah website, Macedonia has around 2.1 million residents.

Macedonia Population and cities

Ethnic composition

  • Macedonians: 64.2%
  • Albanians: 25.2%
  • Turks: 3.9%
  • Roma: 2.7%
  • Serbs: 1.8%
  • Bosniaks 0.8%
  • Vlaxes 0.5%
  • other 1%

Religious affiliation

  • Macedonian Orthodox Church 32.4%
  • Muslim 16.9%
  • Catholics 0.5%
  • evangelical methodists. Jews without denomination 4.5%

National language

The official language is Macedonian.

The following languages are also spoken:

  • Albanian
  • Turkish
  • Romani
  • Serbian
  • Vlachian

Capital and other cities

The capital is Skopje with a population of 507,000.

Other cities are:

  • Cumano with around 103,000. Residents
  • Bitola with around 86,400 residents
  • Prilep with around 73,000 residents
  • Tetovo with around 71,000 residents
  • Veles with around 57,500 residents
  • Ohrid with around 56,500 residents

Macedonia: geography

National borders

Defined by DigoPaul, Macedonia shares a border with the following countries:

  • Albania with a length of around 151 km
  • Bulgaria with a length of around 148 km
  • Greece with a length of around 246 km
  • Serbia with a length of 72 km
  • Kosovo with a length of around 134 km.

 Macedonia: geography

Area and land use

Macedonia is a landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula and covers an area of 25,713 km², of which about 480 km² is water.

Furthermore:

  • Forest

    Around 39% of the country is forested.

  • Meadow, pasture land

    Around 25% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.

  • Arable land and fields

    Around 8% of the land is used as arable land or fields, particularly for growing grapes, grain, rice, cotton and tobacco.

  • Mountains

    In the northwest lies the Sar Planina Mountains. The western mountains are a branch of the Dinaric Alps.

National borders

Macedonia shares a border with the following countries:

  • Albania with a length of around 151 km
  • Bulgaria with a length of around 148 km
  • Greece with a length of around 246 km
  • Serbia with a length of 72 km
  • Kosovo with a length of around 134 km.

Longitude and latitude

Macedonia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 40º to 43º north latitude.

Δλ = from around 19º to 23º east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Time

For Macedonia, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET).

Δt (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest level of the sun in Skopje

Skopje lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 42 (exactly: 32 05 ').

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 , Helsinki is Skopje, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

42 = (90 - h) + 23.5

so:

H = 71.5

At 71.5 , the sun in Skopje has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (precisely: above the horizon).

Mountains

Golem Korab

The highest mountain in the country is the Golem Korab with a height of 2,764 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Titov Vrh with a height of 2,747 m
  • Peskovi with a height of 2,651m
  • Pilister with a height of 2,610 m
  • Crni Vrh with an altitude of 2,585 m
  • Vrtop with a height of 2,555 m
  • Solunska Glava with a height of 2,538 m

Rivers, Vardar

Vardar

The longest river in the country is the Vardar with a length of around 388 km. The river has its source in the western high mountains near the border with Albania. The river flows through the entire country, first in a northeast direction and then turns in a southeast direction. It flows through the city of Skopje. After crossing the border, the river flows under the name Axios through Macedonia, which belongs to Greece, and then flows into the Thermaïschen Gulf in the Aegean Sea.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • P'cinja
  • Crni Drim with a length of around 285 km
  • Strumica

Lakes

Lake Ohrid

The country includes several lakes. The largest lake is Lake Ohrid on the border with Albania with a total area of about 349 km², of which about 2/3 belong to Macedonia.

Prespa Lake Prespa

Lake is located in the triangle of Macedonia, Albania and Greece. It covers an area of 275 km², of which around 190 km² belong to Macedonia. The lake has the greatest depth at around 55 m.

The two lakes are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Other larger lakes are:

  • Dojran with an area of around 43 km²
  • Tikves with an area of around 14 km²
  • Debar-Globo'cica with an area of 13 km²
  • Mavrovo with an area of around 12 km².

 

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