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Montenegro

Montenegro Population and cities

Population

According to Countryaah website, Montenegro has around 632,300 residents.

Montenegro Population and cities

Ethnic composition

In Montenegro there are 43% Montenegrins, 32% Serbs, 13% Bosniaks, 7% Albanians, 1% Croats as well as Roma and Sinti.

Religious

affiliation Approx. 75% of the population in Montenegro is Serbian Orthodox, 3.5% Roman Catholic and 15% Islamic.

National languages

Serbian is spoken in Montenegro.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Montenegro is Podgorica with around 144,000 residents.

Other cities are:

  • Bijelo Polje with around 55,000 residents
  • Bar with around 40,000 residents
  • Cetinje with around 20,000 residents
  • Tivat with around 10,000 residents

Montenegro: geography

National borders and length of coast

Montenegro has a common border with:

  • Albania with a length of 173 km
  • Bosnia with a length of around 525 km
  • Serbia with a length of 203 km
  • Montenegro has a coast to the Adriatic Sea- a tributary of the Mediterranean - with a length of around 295 km.

Area and land use

Defined by DigoPaul, Montenegro is a relatively small country in south-eastern Europe. The coast to the Adriatic is characterized by steep cliffs. With the Bay of Kotor it has a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name of the country means "black mountain" which is a good reflection of the country's geography. The Dinaric Mountains stretch across the entire country, with the highest point, the Bobotov Kuk mountain.

Montenegro: geography

The country covers an area of 13,812 km².

Thereof:

  • Forest

    Around 40% of the country is covered by forest.

  • Fields and fields

    About a third of the area of Montenegro is used for agriculture.

  • Mountains

    The Dinaric Mountains extend over Montenegro.

Longitude and latitude

Montenegro extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 41 46 'to 43 28' north latitude

Δλ = from 18 27 'to 20 20' east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Time

Central European Time (CET) applies in Montenegro, i.e. the same time as in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

Δt (CET) = 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Podgorica

Podgorica lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 43 .

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 , summer starts in Podgorica, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

43 = (90 - h) + 23.5

so:

H = 70.5

This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that the sun occupies within the year in Podgorica.

mountains

Bobotov Kuk

The highest mountain is the Bobotov Kuk with a height of 2,523 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Prokletijewith a height of 2,484 m
  • Orjenwith an altitude of 1,895 m

Rivers

Tara

The longest river in the country is the Tara with a length of around 150 km.

Moraca

Another river in Montenegro is the Moraca.

Lakes

Skadar

Lake The largest lake in Montenegro and the entire Balkan Peninsula is the Skadar Lake with an area of 368 km². About two thirds of the lake belongs to Montenegro and one third to Albania.

Islands

The following islands are in front of the country:

  • Ada
  • Sveti Stefan

Adriatic, Mediterranean

Adriatic Sea (Adria)

Montenegro is located on the southeastern Adriatic Sea with which it has a coastline of around 295 km. The Adriatic Sea is part of the Mediterranean Sea and lies between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula opposite.

 

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