Morocco: population and cities
Countryaah website, Morocco has about 36.5 million residents.
The population of Morocco consists of around 60% Arabs and around 40%
Berbers. There is also a French minority in the country.
99% of the residents of Morocco are Muslims (80% of them Malakite
Sunnis). There are also small minorities of predominantly
Catholic Christians and Jews.
Overall, only about 0.1% of the population profess Christianity
About 60% of the population speak various Arabic dialects, another 40% speak
Berber languages such as Tachelhit, Tamazight and Tarifit. The French and
Spanish languages are partly in use.
Capital and other cities
The capital of the Kingdom of Morocco was founded in the 12th century. As the
fourth royal city of the country, alongside Meknes, Fès and Marrakech, it can
look back on a varied and exciting history.
The city has around 800,000 residents. You can find a detailed description of
the city at Goruma here >>>
Agadir has about 1 million residents and is located in the southwest directly
on the Atlantic Ocean.
Fès has around 1.2 million residents, making it the third largest city in the
country. The city is centrally located in the north of the country.
Colorful, lively, loud and terribly oriental is the Moroccan city with around
900,000 residents. The name goes back to the Berber "mur (n) akush" and can be
translated as land of the gods.
You can find a detailed description of the city at Goruma here >>>
To say it right from the start: In Casablanca you don't immediately encounter
the Orient, which is not possible because the majority of the city is not older
than 60 years. The French colonial architecture, which often only exists as
ruins, and the French-tinged cafés and boulevards of the city must first be
broken through in an oriental way, which happens in small things such as music,
clothes or smells. According to official information, the city has around 3.7
million residents - unofficially, one assumes considerably more. You can find
a detailed description of the city at Goruma here >>>
Salé is the sister city of Rabat and was once a famous handicraft center of
Morocco. You can reach it over a bridge. The "Bab Mrisa", probably the oldest
gate in Salé (built in the 13th century), leads to the old town. The Mellah (=
the Jewish quarter), the pottery quarter at the second Bou-Regreg bridge and the
Great Mosque from the Almohad period are well worth seeing.
The port city of Tangier has around 850,000 million residents and is located
in the north of the country on the Strait of Gibraltar.
Morocco: geography and map
Defined by DigoPaul, Morocco covers a total area of 458,730 km² - not including the
controversial area of "Western Sahara" with an area of around 266,000
km². However, Morocco regards the area as part of its national
Around 16% of the country is forested. About 10% of these are cork oak
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 45% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 20% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits, olives, citrus fruits, cotton,
wine, almonds, dates and tobacco.
The Sahara desert occupies about 18% of the country.
Morocco shares a border with the following three countries, although the
status of "Western Sahara" has not been clarified under international law.
- Algeria with a length of 1,559 km,
- Western Sahara with a length of 443 km and the two Spanish
- Ceuta with a length of 6.3 km and
- Melilla with a length of 9.6 km.
Morocco has a coast to the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean - without
taking into account the coast of "Western Sahara" - with a total length of 1,835
Longitude and latitude
Morocco extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 27 ° 40´ to 35 ° 56 N´
Δλ = from 001 ° to 013 ° 12´ W.
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Time in Morocco
For Morocco, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus
sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Marrakech
Marrakech lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 32 °. Rabat, the capital
of the country at φ = 34 °. If the sun or its image point is at the northern
tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Marrakech, this is June 21. Then,
for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of
32 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 81.5 °, the sun in Marrakech has the highest level of the entire year
above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon). The highest level of the
sun for Rabat is 79.5 ° using the same calculation.
The highest mountain in the country is the Jbel Toubqâl with
a height of 4,165 m. Other high mountains include:
- Jebel M'Goun with a height of 4,107 m
- Jebel Tignousti with a height of 3,825 m
- Ari n'Ayachi with a height of 3,747 m.
The longest river in the country is the Oum er Rabia with a
length of around 555 km.
Other rivers in the country are:
- the Moulouya with a length of around 515 km
- the rivers Sebou, Oum er Rbia, Tensift, Drâa, Bouregreg, Ziz Loukkos
- the Drâa, a so-called wadi (a river that does not
carry any water in the dry season), the 1,100 km long river bed of which has
partially dried up.
There are no major natural lakes in Morocco.
Moulay Abdellah Reservoir
It is worth mentioning the Moulay Abdellah Reservoir near Rabat. Sheikh Ahmed
Bin Sajed al-Nahajan - a brother of the President of the United Arab Emirates -
crashed in an ultralight aircraft at the end of March 2010 and drowned in this
lake. His body was later found and recovered after an intensive search by
The Sahara covers an area of around 9 million km², making it the largest
dry desert in the world. However, only about 20% of the Sahara is what can be
described as a sandy desert. In contrast, 80% of it is a stone or rubble
desert. The Sahara in northern Africa stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the
west to the Nile and on the other side to the Red Sea in the east.
In the north it is bounded by the Maghreb - Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and
Libya, in the south lies the Sahel zone. States in which parts of the Sahara are
located: Egypt, Algeria, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan, Chad
and Tunisia. The few residents of the Sahara are Arabs, Berbers and Moors as
well as small groups of Tubu or Tuaregs.
A detailed representation of the Sahara can be found under the article about
deserts here >>>
Morocco borders in the northeast of the country with a length of about 380 km
on the Mediterranean Sea and in the west with a length of 1,455 km on the
A detailed description of the Mediterranean here >>>
A detailed description of the Atlantic here >>>