Myanmar Population, cities
Countryaah website, Myanmar has around 59.1 million residents - however, depending on the source,
the information can vary greatly.
- 68% Burmese
- 9% Shan
- 7% Karen
- 4% rakhine
- 3% Chinese
- 2% Indian
- 2% mon
- 5% others
The Rohingya Muslim ethnic group is denied citizenship
of the country. In addition, people are persecuted and in many cases forced to
flee. The persecution also goes back to the incitement of radical Buddhist
In 2015, thousands of them wandered the sea on ships for months, with no land
offering them refuge.
- 89% Theravada Buddhists
- 4% Christians
- 4% Muslim
- 5% Hindus
- 5% followers of natural religions
- as well as some Confucians
The language spoken by 70% of the population is Burmese. Arakenesian, Chin, Mon,
Karen and Shan are also spoken.
Capital and other cities
Since the new constitution came into force on January 31, 2011, the capital
of Myanmar has been Nay Pyi Taw with around 100,000
Other cities are:
Rangoon (Yangon) with approx. 6.5 million residents in the
Mandalay with around 750,000 residents
Pathein with around 370,000 residents
Mawlamaying with around 310,000 residents
Bagan, the largely uninhabited city of a thousand
Defined by DigoPaul, Myanmar is located in Southeast Asia on the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman
Sea, between Thailand and Bangladesh.
Area and land use
Myanmar has a central plain, which is surrounded by partly steep
mountains. It is in Southeast Asia.
Myanmar covers a total area of 678,5277 km².
Around 49% of the country is forested.
About 14% of this is teak forest.
- Meadow, pasture land
Around 0.5% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 15% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
Myanmar borders on five countries:
People's Republic of China with a border
length of around 2,185 km,
Thailand with a length of around 1,800 km,
India with a length of around 1,460 km,
Bangladesh with a length of around 195 km,
Laos with a length of around 235 km.
Myanmar has a sea coast with a length of around 1,930 km.
Longitude and latitude
Myanmar extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 09 ° 58 'to 28 ° 31' north latitude
Δλ = 092 ° 10 'to 101 ° 11' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Myanmar, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time
Highest sun in Yangon (Rangoon)
Yangon lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 17 °. If the declination δ
of the sun has the value of 17 ° N, and thus the image point of the sun is
exactly above the city or island, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens
exactly twice a year, roughly 25 days before June 21st and 25 days after June
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Yangon, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is the Hkakabo Razi with a
height of 5,881 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Hpunhpuwith an altitude of 3,480 m
- Bumba Bumwith a height of 3,411 m
- Falamwith a height of 2,564 m.
Ayeyarwaddy (Irawadi, also Irrawaddy)
The longest river in the country is the Ayeyarwaddy (Irawadi), which is partly
also the border river to Thailand, with a length of around 2,170 km. Mandalay is
located on the river.
The river runs from north to south and flows into the Indian Ocean and the
Andaman Sea by means of a nine-armed delta, also called the Strait of Mandalay.
Other rivers in the country are:
840 km long river arises from a series of headwaters and flows into
the Irrawaddy near the city of Myingyan.
The Uyu Chaung is a kilometer long tributary of the Chindwin River. The source
of the river is in the Hukawng Valley of the Kachin State and flows into the
Chindwin at Homalin in the Sagaing Division.
The Salween is an approximately 2,850 km long river that has its source in the
Tanggula Mountains in Tibet, flows through Myanmar and Thailand and flows into
the Andaman Sea at Mawlamyaing in Myanmar.
The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes, including sin:.
The largest lake is Lake Indawgyi in Kachin State with an area of around 260
km² (= 100 square miles).
Other larger lakes are:
Inle Lake is located in the Shan Mountains and covers an area of around 120
km² - with a maximum depth during the dry season of less than 4 m.
Taungthaman Lake is located near Amarapura. It is crossed by the U Bein Bridge
This pedestrian bridge, completed in 1850, is 1.2 km long and is considered the
oldest and longest teak bridge in the world.
- Cheduba Island
- Boronga Island
- Kadan Kyun
- Kanmaw Kyun
- Moscos Island
In the south of the country on the border with Thailand lies the Mengui
Archipelago, which is made up of a large number of islands.
The Andaman Sea or Andaman Sea is a marginal sea of the Indian Ocean. The
Andaman Sea extends roughly from the Irrawaddy river delta in Myanmar in the
north over a length of around 1,200 km to the start of the Strait of Malacca. In
the west it is bounded by the Cocos Islands, the Andamans and the Nicobar
Islands. It covers an area of around km² with a maximum depth of around 4,180
m. The water temperature on the surface of the lake fluctuates between 27.5 °C
in winter and 30 °C in summer.
The Andaman Sea became famous not least because of the Tsuma of December 26,
2004, which resulted in numerous deaths in Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, the
offshore western islands (Andamans and Nicobar Islands) and Sumatra. Probably
over 230,000 in all affected countries combined.