Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands Population and cities
Countryaah website, the Northern Mariana Islands have about 70,000 residents.
Around 34% of the population are Filipinos, Chamorro are around 30%,
Chinese around 12%, Micronesians around 8% and Carolinians around 5%.
The population is predominantly Catholic with around 60%, 19% are
Protestants. There are also Baptists, Methodists, Mormons, Korean Prebysterians,
Evangelicans and the 7th day Adventists.
In the Northern Mariana Islands, English and Chromatic and Carolinian are
Capital, other cities
The capital of the Northern Mariana Islands is the island of Saipan with
about 50,000 residents.
Other cities are San Antonio on the island of Saipan with 4,750
residents and Garapan, also located on the island of Saipan,
with 3,600 residents.
Northern Marians: geography and map
Defined by DigoPaul, the island chain of the Northern Mariana Islands is located in the western
Pacific. The state has a size of 477 km². The world's deepest point in the sea,
the Mariana Trench, runs parallel to the east of the island chain over a length
of approx. 2,940 km. The islands of Saipan and Tinian sit on a ridge, the foot
of which is in the Mariana Trench at a depth of approx. 11,000 m. The state
consists of 14 islands, among others:
- the main island of Saipan, on which around 90% of the
population of the entire state live. The island covers an area of 121 km² and
is approximately 22 km long and 8 km wide.
- the island of Tinian, with an area of 101 km². The
island is approximately 19 km long and 8 km wide.
- the island of Rota, with an area of 83 km². The
island is about 16 km long and 5 km wide.
- the island of Pagan, with an area of 49 km².
- Another island is Farallon de Medinilla, which is a
military training area.
- There are active volcanoes on the islands of Pagan and Anatahan.
The island chain of the Northern Mariana Islands has a coast to the Pacific
with a length of around 1,480 km.
In the Northern Mariana Islands, the mean tidal range is around 1 to 2 m.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while
it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
The Northern Mariana Islands extend over the following geographical latitude
(abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 13 ° to around 20 ° north latitude
Δλ = at around 14 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical
longitude and latitude.
For the Northern Mariana Islands, the following value applies to Central
European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that
it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.
For the sake of simplicity, we assume a north latitude of 15 ° to calculate
the midday high sun on the islands.
If the sun or its image point is exactly at a latitude of 15 °, the sun will be
exactly perpendicular to the sky at noon. This happens exactly twice a year,
roughly 58 days after March 21st and 58 before September 21st.
Mountains or elevations
The highest mountain in the country is an unnamed location on the island of
Agrihan, with a height of 965 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Mt. Tapotchau on Saipan, with a height
of 474 m.
- Mt Sabana is the highest mountain on Rota, with a
height of 480 m.
- Mt. Lasso on Tinian, with a height of
- Mt. Taipingot on Rota, with a height
of 141 m.
- Kastyu Hill is the highest mountain on Tinian, with a
height of around 185 m.
The longest river in the country is the Okgok Stream on Rota.
There are four other smaller rivers on Rota.
There are no rivers on the other islands.
There are no lakes in the Northern Mariana Islands.
The northern Marianas border the Pacific Ocean with a total coastline of
1,480 km - more precisely, the northern Marianas are located in the South
Pacific, the so-called South Seas. This region of the Pacific Ocean includes the
Polynesian Islands as well as parts of Melanesia and Micronesia.