Pakistan: population, cities
Countryaah website, the population of Pakistan is estimated at up to 200 million - including the
controlled areas of Kashmir. Pakistan is one of the six most populous countries
in the world. With an average population density of 188 residents per km², the
country has a slightly lower population than Germany.
Meanwhile, the population in the country is distributed very unevenly:
three-quarters of the residents who live in the fertile river plains of the
Punjab and Sindh are compared to the sparsely populated areas of the dry and
high mountain regions in the north and west. The Thar and Balochistans are
sometimes even deserted. And only 5% of Pakistani people live in
Balochistan. And up to 50% of all residents have settled in the relatively small
The population increases by more than 2% annually, making Pakistan one of the
highest growth rates in Asia. The birth rate remains at a very high level. But
the improvement in preventive healthcare has also led to an increase in life
expectancy and consequently in the population. The death rate has decreased.
There are many different tribes and ethnic groups in Pakistan. It's about 50%
Punjabis; 15% Sindhis; 15% Pashtuns; 8% mohajirs (Muslims who emigrated from
India); 5% Baluch and around 1.2 million refugees from Afghanistan.
affiliation Islam is the state religion in Pakistan with approx. 97%. The
majority are Sunnis - around 15% Shiites. There are also about 3% Christians,
Hindus and others
National languages The constitutionally established national
and lingua franca of most Pakistani people is Urdu, whereby English is the
official language (e.g. of the judiciary and administration). Furthermore,
around 50 different languages are used in the country. The most important of
these are Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtu, Seraiki and Baluchi. The most widely spoken
language in Pakistan is Punjabi. This is stated as their mother tongue by around
40% of the population.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad, with an estimated
population of over 1 million. If you travel to Islamabad, you will quickly
realize how strongly modern and traditional meet. The Saudi Pak Tower in
particular is an excellent example of this. Some buildings have been Islamized
that seemed too modern. In the young city of Islamabad, which can be proud of
one of the largest mosques in the world with the Faisal Mosque and
has many government buildings (such as the National Assembly,
the Supreme Court or Aiwan-e-Sadr, the official residence of the President), is
also where most of the foreign embassies and the Shakar Parian Hills are
located, which offer grandiose views of buildings such as the National
Monument or the Heritage Museum.
The commercial center of the city, which is also rich in universities, is the
so-called Blue Area, which stretches along Jinnah
Avenue. Another important and well-known structure is the gigantic
silver globe, which was established in 2004 to mark Pakistan's
hosting of the annual SAARC summit. For some time now, the Pakistani capital has
been working feverishly on the completion of the Centaurus,
which will soon be the largest construction in the country. By and large,
Islamabad is a green city with such a good climate that it was also possible to
plant exotic plants. Rich flora and fauna can also be found in the north of the Margalla
hills, close to the citythat have been transformed into a national
park. And if you look around west of Islamabad, you will find the ruins of the
city of Taxila, which dates back to the 6th century BC and has
strong Buddhist influences.
A detailed description of Islamabad can be found at Goruma here
Karachi is a veritable giant. The largest city in Pakistan and the second
largest city in the world acts as the capital of Sindh Province and was the
country's capital until 1959. Karachi spreads out where the Indus flows as a
delta into the Arabian Sea. It is estimated that around 20 million live in the
city, making it an octopus-like urban chaos that never stands still. Karachi is
the economic, trade and production center of Pakistan as well as a transport hub
and cultural center. Several renowned research institutions as well as museums,
galleries, sights and the largest port in the country are outstanding
characteristics of a city that appears threatening to many (and not entirely
without good reason).
An accurate representation of Karachi can be found at Goruma here
"Lahore, Lahore aye" - "Lahore is Lahore." With these simple words, the Lahori
underscore the chaotic hodgepodge uniqueness of their lively, lovable and
invigorating city with justified pride. Lahore, the old and second largest city
after Karachi in the actually still young state of Pakistan, is a motley,
personable, not always easy to understand, but pleasantly wild mixture of
colors, shapes, transfigurations, historical kicks, culture, lust for life and
many others People. You can find a detailed representation of Lahore at
Goruma here >>>
The former Lyallpur is Pakistan's third largest city and is inhabited by about 2
million people. The city spreads west of Lahore and belongs to the Punjab
province. Faisalbad is an important industrial center (including textile
factories and rice) and an important traffic junction.
The "city on the border" functions as the capital of the Pakistani province of
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. About 3,055,000 people live in the city located near the
Afghan border, which for many travelers has a mysterious and mysterious
reputation. Peshawar spreads out at the eastern exit of the Chaiber Pass and
serves as a simple border crossing between Pakistan and war-torn Afghanistan.
Quetta is a tough and simple border and the capital of the province of
Balochistan. Around 900,000 people live in crisis-ridden Quetta near the Afghan
border. The city is an important military base and the third important center of
the Pashtuns. It is also an important hub for the supply of Western troops in
Afghanistan who are stationed in connection with the war in Afghanistan and for
Operation Enduring Freedom.
Other important and large cities in Pakistan are:
Gujranwala with around 1.7 million residents
Multan with around 1.3 million residents
Rawalpindi with around 1.4 million residents
Hyderabad with around 1.1 million residents
Pakistan: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Pakistan is located in the southern part of Central Asia. It borders in the
southwest on the Arabian Sea, in the north on the Central Asian high
mountains. The total length of Pakistan's borders is around 6,774 km. Pakistan
shares a border with the following four countries:
- Afghanistan with a length of around 2,430 km,
- China with a length of around 523 km,
- India with a length of around 2,912 km and
- Iran with a length of around 909 km.
Pakistan has a little more than 1,000 km of coastline on the Arabian Sea in the
south of the country.
Pakistan covers an area of 800,000 km². Thereof:
The Thar stone, scree and sand desert covers approximately 259,000 km ² (32.3%). The
Kharan Desert is another desert of Pakistan.
- Arable land and fields
Around 26% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing cotton, rice and wheat.
- Meadows and pastureland
Around 6% of the land is used as meadows or pastureland.
Around 4% of the country is forested.
The western Himalayas are located in the north of
The Karakoram, Pamir and Hindu
Kush mountains form natural borders with Pakistan's neighboring
The Karakoram Mountains have the longest glaciers outside of the polar
Longitude and latitude
Pakistan extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 23 ° to 37 ° north latitude
Δλ = from 060 ° to 075 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Pakistan, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there,
a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Karachi
Karachi, the largest city in the country, lies at a north latitude of around
φ = 25 ° (exactly: 24 ° 52 ').
If the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °,
summer begins in Karachi, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the
sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
25 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 88.5 °, the sun in Karachi has the highest level of the entire year above
the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
The highest mountain in the country is the K2 with a height of 8,611 m.
Other eight-thousanders are:
|K2 (Lambha Paha)
K from Karakorum Mountains
|July 31, 1954
||Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni (Italy)
||3rd July 1953
||Hermann Buhl (Austria)
||4th July 1958
||Andrew Kauffmann and Pete Schoening (USA)
||June 9, 1957
||Hermann Buhl, Kurt Diemberger, Markus Schmuck and Fritz
||July 7, 1956
||Sepp Larch, Fritz Moravetz and Hans Willenpart (Austria)
The Cholistan is a desert and semi-desert area in Pakistan in the Pakistani
Panschab. The desert is a sandy desert with shifting dunes. In the southeast of
Pakistan it passes into the Indian Thar desert.
Both desert areas together cover an area of around 275,000 km².
The longest river in the country is the Indus with a length of around 2,900 km.
Other rivers in the country are the Indus tributaries:
Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum,
which all flow into the Indus and give the "five-stream country", the Punjab,
Attabad Lake - also known as Gojal Lake - is special in that it was created on
January 4, 2010 as a result of a landslide and dammed the Hunza River. The dam
formed by the landslide is about 12 km upstream from the city of Karimabad. The
lake is around 25 km long and has a water volume of around 500 million m³. It is
located in the 72,495 km² special territory Gilgit-Baltistan in the far north of
The largest lake in Pakistan is the Hâmûn-i Mâshkel. It is 85 km long and 35 km
Salt Marsh Rann von Kachchh
The salt marsh "Rann von Kachchh" is located on the southern part of the border
between Pakistan, with the largest part belonging to India and only a smaller
part in Pakistan in the province of Sindh. The word "Rann" comes from Hindi and
means salt swamp when translated. The marshland covers an area of around
28,000 km². The region used to be a bay of the Arabian Sea, but it was separated
from the sea by an uplift of the sea floor and gradually became a salt marsh due
to the lack of drainage. During the rainy season from July to September, the
salt lake is flooded up to 0.5 m. During this time, some rivers carry enough
water with which they then flow into the swamp area. The only constant influx -
also during the dry season - is the Luni.
In the south, Pakistan borders on the Arabian Sea for a length of 1,000 km.
The Arabian Sea is part of the Indian Ocean. It lies between the Arabian
Peninsula and India. In the northwest it merges into the Gulf of Oman. In
addition to Pakistan, there are also India, Iran and Oman on the Arabian Sea.
The well-known cities on this sea are Karachi in Pakistan and Mumbai (Bombay) in
India. The salt content of the Arabian Sea is around 3.48%.