Panama: population and cities
Countryaah website, Panama has around 4.3 million people.
About 64% of the population are mestizos, blacks and mulattos make up about 14%,
Caucasians are about 10% and Asians are about 4%. The rest is spread across
affiliation Almost all of the country's residents profess Christianity; around
80% are Catholic and around 15% Protestant. The remainder are distributed among
other religions and a few are non-denominational.
The official language is Spanish. English and various Indian dialects are also
Capital and other cities
The capital of Panama is Panama City, with a population of 1.5 million.
Other cities are:
San Miguelito with around 300,000 residents
Colón with around 80,000 residents
David with around 65,000 residents
La Palma with around 1,900 residents
Defined by DigoPaul, the country of Panama is located in Central America on the canal of the same name, the
Panama Canal, between Costa Rica and Colombia.
Area of land
Panama covers a total area of 75,517 km², of which around 210 km² are
Around 48% of the country is forest and mostly covered with dense
- Meadows and pasture land
Around 15% of the land is used as meadows or pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 7% of the land is used as arable land or fields.
National borders and coastlines
Panama - the bridge between two oceans. The country is in Central America and
shares a border with two countries. These are the limits to:
- Costa Rica with a length of around 330 km
- Colombia with a length of around 225 km.
Panama has a coast to the Caribbean with a length of around 850 km and to the
Pacific with a length of around 1,640 km.
In the vicinity of Panama City, in the "Gulf of Panama" on the Pacific
Ocean, the tidal range can be up to 4.5 m. (For a detailed explanation of the
ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.)
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three
meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only
0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Panama extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 07 ° 12 'N to 09 ° 38' N
Δλ = from 077 ° 09 'W to 083 ° 03' W.
You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical
longitude and latitude.
For Panama, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time
The highest point of the sun in Panama City
Panama City is located at a northern latitude of around φ = 09 ° and thus in
the middle of the tropics. Twice a year, the sun is therefore vertically above
the city, roughly 35 days after March 21 and then again 35 days before September
21. If the declination of the sun is more than around 09 ° N, the sun is in the
north at noon and not in the south, as is the case here.
Mountains, Volcán Barú
The highest mountain in the country is the Volcán Barú in the province
of Chiriqui on the border with Costa Rica with an altitude of 3,475 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Cerro Santiago with a height of 2,826
- Cerro Chorcha with a height of 2,238 m
The longest river in the country is the Rio Chucunaque with a length of
around 230 km. The Río Chucunaque is a river in the Panamanian province of
Darién and with a length of 231 km the longest river in Panama.
The Chucunaque flows in the village of Yaviza - the starting point for visitors
to the Darién National Park - it unites with the Rio Yavi, which then flows into
the approximately 170 km long Río Tuira, which then flows into the Gulf of San
at La Palma Miguel - located in the east of the Gulf of Panama - flows into it.
Other rivers in the country are:
The largest lake in the country is the Gatun with an area of about
430 km². The dammed lake is part of the Panama Canal. The channel of the canal
runs through the lake over a length of 24.2 km. There are also around 2 km for
the Gatun locks.
Islands, pearl islands
The Pearl Islands (Archipiélago de los Perlos) are a group of islands in the
Gulf of Panama about 80 km southeast of Panama City and cover an area of 1,165
The two largest islands are Isla de Rey, Isla San José and Isla
Contadora. Contadora came into the focus of world politics in 1977 when the then
US President Jimmy Carter signed the Panama Canal Treatment here. In the treaty,
the US ceded its sovereignty over the Panama Canal to Panama from December 31 at
12:00 noon in 2000. Isla de Coiba
Isla de Coiba is located in the Pacific Ocean (Gulf of Chiriqui). The
shortest distance to the mainland is in a north-easterly direction and is around
20 km. With an area of around 495 km², it is the largest island of Panama and
also the largest American island in the Pacific. The island has been under
nature protection since 1991 and forms the center of the Isla Coiba National
The Azuero Peninsula impresses with its empty white beaches, cozy
little villages and larger cities, in which the colonial era has never ended
The "Wild Mouth" is a small island in the Parque Nacional Maritimo
Golfo de Chiriqui, which is still an insider tip among tourists. The almost
always sun-drenched jewel offers an immensely diverse flora and fauna as well as
countless opportunities to pass the time with snorkeling, swimming, sunbathing
and much more.
Bocas del Toro
The island kingdom in the province of the same name, whose name means something
like "mouths of the bull", consists of seven large and hundreds of smaller
islands. The Laguna de Chiriqui, a piece of sea particularly adored by divers,
and the island of Bastimentos, where there are no cars, but all the more
colorful wooden huts and a lot of Caribbean flair, are outstanding.
San Blas Archipelago (Kuna Yala)
The 365 San Blas Islands in the Caribbean Sea are home to the Cuna
Indians (or Tules) who live from agriculture, fishing and the manufacture of the
famous Molas. The latter are artfully sewn and decorated motifs in the form of a
rectangle. The islands are overgrown with palm trees and protected by coral
Near Panama City and off the Pacific coast is the island of Taboga, which has
extremely beautiful beaches and is a popular weekend destination for the
residents of the state capital. The island can only be reached by boat.
The Panama Canal
Without a doubt, the Panama Canal (Panama Canal) is the most outstanding
technical structure in the country. After around 11 years of construction, the
81.6 km long canal between the Atlantic and the Pacific was completed in
1914. The first passage took place on August 15, 1914. It begins in the
Caribbean near the city of Colon and ends in Panama City in the Gulf of
Panama. It is used by around 10,000 ships every year. In a ballot in October
2006, around 78% of the population decided to expand the canal. From 2014, the
locks and other facilities on the canal are to be expanded so that ships with a
length of around 500 m and over 12,000 containers can also pass through the
canal; which is currently not possible.
It should be noted that France tried to build a canal in the country as early as
1881. The attempt failed and cost the lives of around 20,000 people, among other
things as a result of mosquito-borne diseases. In France this disaster led to
considerable political upheaval, which at the time ended with the resignation of
a number of top politicians. In 1977 the then US President Jimmy Carter signed
the "Panama Canal Treatment", in which the US ceded its sovereignty over the
Panama Canal to Panama from December 31 at 12:00 noon in 2000.
Pacific, Gulf of Panama and the Caribbean
Gulf of Panama
The Gulf of Panama is a large bulge in the Pacific. The widest part of
the bay is around 240 km - with a maximum depth of around 220 m. The Gulf is
connected to the Caribbean and thus the Atlantic via the Panama Canal. The Pearl
Islands are located in the Gulf of Panama. The gulf is located between the
Azuero peninsula in the west and the province of Darién in the east. The
southern boundary forms an imaginary line approx. 200 km long from the southern
tip of the Azuero peninsula in an easterly direction. In the Gulf of Panama
there is the Gulf of Parita in the western part and the Gulf of San Miguel in
the eastern part of the city of La Palma (approx. 1,750 residents) - the
provincial capital of Darién.
Panama borders the Pacific Ocean in the west of the country with a length of
The Pacific Ocean is also known as the Pacific, Pacific, or Great Ocean
Panama borders the Pacific Ocean, the largest and deepest ocean in the world,
with a length of approximately 1,640 km. It stretches between the Arctic, North,
Central and South America as well as the Antarctic, Australia, Oceania and
Asia. It has a gigantic area of 166.24 million km² (not including secondary
seas) and therefore covers around 35% of the entire surface of the earth. The
ocean, which is larger than all the continents combined, goes at its deepest
point in the Mariana Trench down to 11,034 meters below sea level. km to the
Pacific Ocean, the largest and deepest ocean in the world. It stretches between
the Arctic, North, Central and South America as well as the Antarctic,
Australia, Oceania and Asia. It has a gigantic area of 166.24 million km² (not
including secondary seas) and therefore covers around 35% of the entire surface
of the earth. The ocean,
Panama also borders the Caribbean Sea - with a length of around 850 km.
The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between the islands
of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and other
Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and
Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or
archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the "actual" Atlantic:
Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands,
Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba. The shortest distance from Cuba to Key West/USA
is around 165 km.
The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the
Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the
Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".