Portugal Population and cities
Countryaah website, Portugal has about 10.6 million residents.
About 98% of the population are Portuguese. The largest minority groups
in Portugal are Brazilians, Africans and Spaniards.
In Portugal 93% of the population are Roman Catholic. In addition,
Protestants, who make up the largest religious minority group, Muslims, Jews and
Orthodox, still live here.
Portuguese is spoken in Portugal, just like in Brazil.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Portugal is Lisbon with around 545,300
Other larger cities are:
- Porto, with about 263,000 residents
- Vila Nova de Gaia, with about 289,000 residents
- Amadora, with about 176,000 residents
- Coimbra, with about 149,000 residents
Defined by DigoPaul, Portugal has a border with Spain with a length of 1,214 km.
Portugal's coastline on the Atlantic has a length of around 832 km.
The Algarve, which is so popular with holidaymakers, has a coastline of 157
Portugal is located in the west of the European continent, on the Iberian
Peninsula. The country is divided into 18 districts and two autonomous regions:
Viana do Castelo, Braga, Vila Real, Bragança, Porto, Aveiro, Viseu, Guarda,
Coimbra, Castelo Branco, Leiria, Santarém, Portalegre, Lisboa, Sétubal, Evora,
Beja, Faro as well as Madeira and the Azores as autonomous regions.
In the north of Portugal rise the montanhas, the mountainous heights of the
country, while the south is relatively flat. The southern coastal strip of
Portugal is called the Algarve and is particularly popular with tourists due to
its numerous beautiful beaches.
At Cabo da Roca is the westernmost point of mainland Europe.
Area, land use, Cabo da Roca, national borders
Portugal covers an area of 89,000 km2 (excluding the Azores and
About 40% of the country is covered with forest. Devastating forest fires
are not uncommon in Portugal in summer, which often results in an extreme
decimation of the forest.
- Arable land and fields Around 17% of the area of
Portugal is used as arable and pasture land. The main crops are potatoes,
grapes, tomatoes, wheat, corn and olives. Portugal is also one of the
largest cork producers in the world.
In the north of Portugal, the Serra da Estrela extends up to an altitude of
Portugal has a border with Spain with a length of 1,214 km.
Cabo da Roca Cabo da Roca,
140 m high above the Atlantic, is the westernmost point on the European
mainland. The cape is located around 35 km west-northwest of Lisbon. Here the
visitor will find a tourist office, a lighthouse, a bar and a marine radio
Coastline, surf spot
Portugal's coastline on the Atlantic has a total length of around 832 km.
The Algarve, which is so popular with holidaymakers, has a coastline of 157 km.
Nazaré is a Portuguese city on the Atlantic Ocean in the Oeste sub-region of the
Centro region - approx. 100 km north of Lisbon.
The village has 10,000 residents. It is known as a fishing and tourism town as
well as a place of pilgrimage.
But the local surf spot is particularly well-known, where you can find breaking
waves with a height of over 20 m due to special conditions.
The village is located around 100 km (as the crow flies) north of Lisbon.
In Lisbon the mean tidal range is around 2 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in
Canada. It is up to 16 m there, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast, the tidal range varies between 1 m and 3
m. In the western Baltic Sea, however, it is only about 0.3 m, while it is
barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
The mainland of Portugal extends over the following latitude (abbreviation
Δφ) and longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 37 ° to 42 ° north latitude
Δλ = from 6 ° to 9 ° west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
In Portugal, the following applies to Central European Time (CET):
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest level of the sun in Lisbon
Lisbon lies at a north latitude of about φ = 39 °.
When the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °,
summer begins in Lisbon; this is June 21st. Accordingly, for the highest
position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
39 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the horizon) that
the sun occupies within the year in Lisbon.
The highest mountain on the Portuguese mainland is the Estrela with a height of
Ponta do Pico
The Ponta do Pico in the Azores is the highest mountain in the Republic
of Portugal with a height of 2,351 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Santinha, with a height of 1,593 m
- Marão, with a height of 1,415 m
- Pedrada, with a height of 1,415 m
- Montemuro, with a height of 1,382 m
The Tajo (attention: in Spain the river is called Tajo and in Portugal the
Tagus) is the longest of the Iberian Peninsula with its approx. 1,007 km. The
river has its source in the east of Spain in the Fuente de Garcia in the Sierra
de Albarracín mountains, in the province of Teruel, at an altitude of about
1,600 m. From there the river basically flows in a westerly direction where it
flows into the Atlantic Ocean near Lisbonopposite. The Tajo is particularly
picturesque in the city of Toledo, which it also flows around 3 sides, in the
east, south and west. In addition to Lisbon, there are other important cities
such as Aranjuez, Toledo, Talavera de la Reina and Santarém. The river covers
approx. 727 km within Spain and approx. 280 km within Portugal. Lisbon is also
home to the largest bridge over the Tagus. The Ponte Vasco da Gama is the
longest bridge in Europe with its 17 km. At Lisbon the river flows into the
Atlantic Ocean as the Tagus.
The longest river in the country is the Duoro with a length of about
320 km within Portugal.
The Alqueva Reservoir has a total area of 250 km ². About 187 km²
of this is in Portugal while 63 km² are on Spanish soil.
Other lakes are:
- Barragem de Guilhofrei
- Barragem de Venda Nova
- Barragem de Sta. Clara
- Barragem do Roxo
Madeira and the Azores, about 1,500 km west of Portugal, belong to Portugal.
The Azores lie in the middle of the Atlantic and comprise nine larger
islands and a number of smaller ones with a total area of 2,352 km². You are
on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge on the border of the European and African plates. Of
the nine islands, eight are of volcanic origin and only the island of Santa
Maria is a "sediment island". The Pico volcano on the island of the same name is
the highest mountain in Portugal with a height of 2,351 m, the main town of this
island is Madalena. Around 242,000 people live in the Azores.
The capital of the entire Azores is Ponta Delgada on the island of São
Miguel. Atlantic crossers among the sailors prefer Horta, the capital of
Faial. The main town on the island of Terceira is Angra do Heroísmo, a UNESCO
World Heritage Site. The place was badly damaged in the 1980 earthquake, but it
was completely rebuilt. There is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site on the island
The Azores are certainly known to interested citizens for the "Azores highs",
which usually bring good weather to Europe. The Azores extend over the following
geographical longitude and latitude:
|Δφ = from 36 ° 55` to 39 ° 45` north latitude
Δλ = from 025 ° 06` to 031 ° 17` west longitude
The nine large islands, eight of which are of volcanic origin, are
With around 747 km² and 140,000 residents, the island is the largest
of the Azores. The capital of the Azores "Ponta Delgada" with around 65,000
residents is also located on it.
The island covers an area of 447 km², making it the second largest island in
the Azores after São Miguel. Around 16,000 people live here. With a height of
2,351 m, the island is not only the highest mountain in the Azores but also in
the whole of Portugal - it is the Ponta do Pico. The capital is the port city of
"Madalena" with 6,200 residents. The viticulture culture of Pico Island was
added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2004. More information
The island covers an area of 396.8 km² and has 56,000
residents. The main town of the island is "Angra do Heroísmo" with around
3,600 residents. The site, which was destroyed in an earthquake in 1980 and
then rebuilt, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. For more information, see Sights.
The island covers an area of 233.5 km² - with 10,500 residents. The
main town on the island is "Velas" with around 1,900 residents.
The island covers an area of 172 km² with 15,000 residents. The
main town is "Horta", with a population of around 6,000. The port is popular
with transatlantic sailors.
Flores is about 20 km south of Corvo and covers an area of around 143 km² -
with 3,900 residents. The main town is "Santa Cruz das Flores" with approx.
The island has an area of around 97.2 km and about 5,500 residents. The main
town is "Vila do Porto" with around 3,000 residents. The island is the only
one of the large nine islands in the Azores that is not of volcanic origin.
The island covers an area of 60.8 km² - with 4,800 residents. The
main town is "Santa Cruz da Graciosa" with around 1,800 residents.
Corvo is the northernmost of the Azores islands and covers an area of
around 17.1 km² - with around 400 residents, it is also the smallest
inhabited island in the Azores. The island is about 20 km north of Flores
Madeira covers an area of 795 km² and is located in the middle
of the Atlantic. You can find a detailed description of the archipelago at
Goruma under Madeira.
Mainland Portugal as well as the Azores and Madeira border the Atlantic.