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Qatar

Qatar: population, cities

Population

According to Countryaah website, Qatar has around 1.7 million residents, of which only around 15% are Qatar.

Qatar: population, cities

Ethnic composition

Of the population of Qatar, only about 15% are Qatar. The other residents are Pakistani, Iranians, Indians, Thais, Filipinos, Egyptians, Jordanians, and Syrians.

The residents of the country can be roughly divided into three groups:

1. The very rich and influential citizens of Qatar

2. The very qualified foreign countries - mostly from Europe and the USA, who often earn a lot of money in leading positions

3. The numerous domestic helpers, Construction workers, cleaners or taxi drivers.

Religion

The Islam is the state religion in Qatar. In addition, there are around 6% Christians with a certain legal status.

National languages

The national language in Qatar is Arabic. English is also widely spoken and considered the general language of business.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Qatar is Doha with around 1 million residents in the metropolitan area. The 17th World Athletics Championships took place here from September 27 to October 6, 2019. Other cities are:

  • Ar-Rayyan with around 395,000 residents
  • Al-Wakrah with around 27,000 residents
  • Umm Salal Muhamma'd with around 25,500 residents

Qatar: map, geography

Area and land use

Defined by DigoPaul, Qatar is a state in the northeast of the "Arabian Peninsula" and has a coast to the Persian Arabian Gulf. The relatively small country is approx. 180 km long and 80 km wide.

Qatar: map, geography

Qatar is largely covered by a scree and gravel desert.

The Jebel Dukhan range of hills runs over 50 km in the west of the country. In the south of the country there are sand dunes up to 40 m high. The peninsula is almost completely surrounded by coral reefs and in the southeast of the country is the large sea lagoon Khor al Udaid.

Qatar covers an area of 11,500 km².

Thereof:

  • Qatar desert is mainly covered by rubble and gravel desert.
  • Fields and fields

    About 5% of Qatar's land area is artificially irrigated and can therefore be used for agriculture.

National borders

Qatar has a border with Saudi Arabia with a length of 60 km. The distance to Bahrain, which is west or northwest of Qatar, is 25 km at the shortest point.

Coastline

Qatar has a coast to the Persian Gulf with a length of around 565 km.

Tidal range

In Doha the mean tidal range is only around 0.5 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.

Compare

The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Qatar extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 24 30 'to 26 08' north latitude

Δλ = from 050 45 'to 051 38' east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude

Legal time

For Qatar, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without daylight saving time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = + 2 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest level of the sun in Doha

Doha is located at a northern latitude of around φ = 25 and thus only just outside the tropical area.

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 , summer begins in Doha, on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

25 = (90 - h) + 23.5

so:

H = 88.5

This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that the sun takes in Dohar within the year.

Surveys

Jebel Dukhan

In the west of the country, the Jebel Dukhan range of hills runs 50 km in length and rises to a height of 110 m.

Islands

The following small islands are offshore:

  • Al-Aliya Island
  • Al-Safliya Island

Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf - also known here and there as the Arabian Gulf - lies between Iran, Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula. It covers an area of 235,000 km² - with a maximum depth of around 100 m and a water content of around 6,000 km³.

In the south it goes over the less than approx. 60 km wide and strategically very important Strait from Hormuz into the Gulf of Oman and then into the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. In addition to Qatar, the Persian Gulf also includes the following countries: Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The inflow of "fresh water" takes place via the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers - the Shatt al-Arab - on the border between Iraq and Iran.

 

Africa

Algeria Angola
Benin Botswana
Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands
Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros
D.R. Congo Djibouti
Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia
Ghana Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya
Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria
Reunion Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia
South Africa South Sudan
Sudan Suriname
Swaziland Tanzania
Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia
Zimbabwe  

Asia

Afghanistan Armenia
Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Bhutan
Brunei Cambodia
China Cyprus
East Timor Georgia
Hong Kong India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Israel
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Lebanon Macau
Malaysia Maldives
Mongolia Myanmar
Nepal North Korea
Oman Pakistan
Palestine Philippines
Qatar Saudi Arabia
Singapore South Korea
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Vietnam
Yemen  

Europe

Aland Albania
Andorra Austria
Belarus Belgium
Bulgaria Croatia
Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland
France Germany
Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland
Italy Kosovo
Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg
Macedonia Malta
Moldova Monaco
Montenegro Netherlands
Norway Poland
Portugal Romania
Russia San Marino
Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
Sweden Switzerland
Ukraine Vatican City

North America

Canada Greenland
Mexico United States

Central America

Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas Barbados
Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba British Virgin Islands
Costa Rica Curacao
Dominica Dominican Republic
Ecuador El Salvador
Guadeloupe Guatemala
Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Martinique
Montserrat Panama
Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

South America

Argentina Bolivia
Brazil Chile
Colombia French Guiana
Guyana Nicaragua
Paraguay Peru
Uruguay Venezuela

Oceania

Australia American Samoa
Cook Islands Easter Island
Fiji Falkland Islands
Guam French Polynesia
Kiribati Marshall Islands
Micronesia Nauru
New Caledonia New Zealand
Niue Northern Mariana Islands
Palau Pitcairn
Samoa Papua New Guinea
Tokelau Solomon Islands
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna
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