Saba has around 2,000 residents.
The Saba population is from all over the world. The island's small size resulted
in a small number of island families who can trace their family name back to six
other families on the island. This means that many of the family names are the
same - the most common names being Hassell and Johnson. Most families have
Dutch, Scottish and African heritage.
The residents also descend from the Irish, who were exiled by King Charlies I of
England in 1625 after he transferred their property to his Scottish nobles.
Since the opening of the university school for medicine, there have been around
250 residents, including the university's teachers and students.
- 58% Roman Catholic,
- 14% Protestant
- 22% belong to other religious communities, such as Islam, Judaism and the seven
days of Adventists
The national languages on Saba are Dutch, Papiamentu - a Creole language and
The main town of Saba is The Bottom - with around 600 residents.
Area and boundaries
Defined by DigoPaul, the island of Saba covers an area of 13 km², it is around 5.1 km long and
on average 4.3 km wide. The island is the smallest of the former Netherlands
Antilles and belongs to the archipelago of the Leeward Islands. Most of the
island consists of the extinct volcano Mount Scenery. Saba is lined with cliffs
and there are no natural beaches. The island also includes the uninhabited
island of Green Island, which lies around 250 m to the north and is mainly
covered by tropical vegetation. The island is about 35 km southwest of Sint
The climate is tropical, the daytime temperature averages around 25 degrees
The island has no direct neighbors and therefore no national borders.
Saba has a coast to the Caribbean with a length of around 15 km.
Longitude and latitude of Saba
The island of Saba extends over the following geographical latitude
(abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ). The arc minutes
are rounded up or down:
|Δφ = from 17 ° 37 'to 17 ° 39' north latitude
Δλ = from 063 ° 13 'to 063 ° 16' west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Legal time on Saba
For Saba, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time). A minus sign means that it is earlier there and
a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest sun in "The Bottom"
The Bottom, the capital of the island, is located at a north latitude of
around φ = 17 ° 38 ′ = around 17.5 ° N and thus in the tropics.
If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 17.5 ° N, and thus the image
point of the sun is above the island or from The Bottom, the sun is
perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 65 days after
the 21./22. March and then again 65 days before September 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of
the latitude of The Bottom, the sun is not there at noon in the south, as in our
latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to
west, where, like us, it sets.
Further and detailed explanations can be found under Sun position
The highest mountain on the island is - with a height of 877 m - the Mount
The small island Green Island is located about 250 m off the northern coast
of Saba and is uninhabited.
The island of Saba is located in the Caribbean - about 35 km in a
south-westerly direction from the island of Sint Maarten - and thus at the
northern end of the Lesser Antilles.
The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between the
islands of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and
other Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and
Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or
archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the "actual" Atlantic:
Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands,
Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba.
The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the
Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the
Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".