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Serbia Population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Serbia has around 7.3 million residents.

Serbia Population and cities

Ethnic composition

Many different ethnic groups live in Serbia. The Serbs make up the majority. There are also Bosnians, Hungarians, Croats, Albanians, Macedonians and Roma and Sinti.


The Serbian Orthodox faith is mainly practiced in Serbia. There are also Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish and Muslim believers living in the country.

National languages

The national language of Serbia is Serbian. The official written form is Cyrillic, although the Latin script is also used.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Serbia is Belgrade with around 1,154,590 residents.

Other cities are:

  • Novi Sad with around 299,200 residents
  • Nis with around 250,500 residents
  • Kragujevac with around 175,800 residents

Serbia: geography and map

Defined by DigoPaul, Serbia is a state in the Central Balkans. The so-called Pannonian Plain extends in the north of the country, a lowland in which the course of the Danube is also located. In the middle of the country, mountain ranges extend up to a height of 2,656 m.

Serbia: geography and map

National borders

Serbia has a border with the following countries:

  • Hungary with a length of 151 km
  • Romania with a length of 476 km
  • Bulgaria with a length of 318 km
  • Macedonia with a length of 221 km
  • Albania with a length of 115 km
  • Montenegro with a length of 203 km
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina with a length of 302 km
  • Croatia with a length of 241 km

Area and land use

Serbia covers an area of 77,484 km².


  • Forest

    About 30% forest cover Serbia.

  • Fields and fields/meadows and pastureland

    55% of the total area of Serbia is used for agriculture, especially for the cultivation of wheat, maize, sugar beet and fruit.

  • Swamp

    In the north of Serbia is the largest swamp area in Southeast Europe.

  • Mountains

    The Dinaric Mountains, which connect to the Alps, extend in the west of Serbia. In the east of the country, the Balkan Mountains form the natural border with Bulgaria.

Longitude and latitude

Serbia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 42 to 46 north latitude

Δλ = from around 19 to 23 east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

Central European Time (CET) applies in Serbia.

Δt (CET) = + 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest level of the sun in Belgrade

Belgrade lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 45 .

If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 , summer begins in Belgrade, on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

45 = (90 - h) + 23.5


H = 68.5

This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that the sun occupies within the year.



The highest mountain is Đeravica in the Prokletije Mountains in southwest Serbia (Kosovo) with a height of 2,656 m.

Other high mountains:

  • Crni vrh with an altitude of 2,585 m
  • Gusam with a height of 2,539 m
  • Bogdaš with a height of 2,533 m

Rivers, Danube


The longest river in Serbia, which flows through the country for a length of 588 km, is the Danube. At Donaueschingen, the Brigach and the Breg flow together and form the Danube from there on. At 48 km, the Breg is the longer of the two source rivers and rises at an altitude of 1,078 m near the Martinskapelle near Furtwangen in the southern Black Forest. From here to the mouth of the Danube in the Black Sea, its length is 2,888 km. The second source river, the Brigach, has its source in the Brigach Valley near St. Gallen, also in the southern Black Forest. The Brigach is 42.7 km long to its confluence.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • Zapadna Morava with a total length of approx. 308 km
  • Južna Morava with a total length of approx. 295 km
  • Ibar with a total length of approx. 272 km



The largest lake in Serbia is Djerdapsee with an area of around 163 km².

Other larger lakes are:

  • Vlasina lake with an area of around 16 km²
  • Lake Perućac with an area of around 12.4 km²
  • Lake Gaziva with an area of around 11.9 km²

Ostrvo Island

A special feature is the approximately 60 km ² river island of Ostrvo, east of Belgrade in the Danube.



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