Serbia Population and cities
Countryaah website, Serbia has around 7.3 million residents.
Many different ethnic groups live in Serbia. The Serbs make up the
majority. There are also Bosnians, Hungarians, Croats, Albanians, Macedonians
and Roma and Sinti.
The Serbian Orthodox faith is mainly practiced in Serbia. There are also Roman
Catholic, Protestant, Jewish and Muslim believers living in the country.
The national language of Serbia is Serbian. The official written form is
Cyrillic, although the Latin script is also used.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Serbia is Belgrade with around 1,154,590
Other cities are:
- Novi Sad with around 299,200 residents
- Nis with around 250,500 residents
- Kragujevac with around 175,800 residents
Serbia: geography and map
Defined by DigoPaul, Serbia is a state in the Central Balkans. The so-called Pannonian Plain
extends in the north of the country, a lowland in which the course of the Danube
is also located. In the middle of the country, mountain ranges extend up to a
height of 2,656 m.
Serbia has a border with the following countries:
- Hungary with a length of 151 km
- Romania with a length of 476 km
- Bulgaria with a length of 318 km
- Macedonia with a length of 221 km
- Albania with a length of 115 km
- Montenegro with a length of 203 km
- Bosnia-Herzegovina with a length of 302 km
- Croatia with a length of 241 km
Area and land use
Serbia covers an area of 77,484 km².
About 30% forest cover Serbia.
- Fields and fields/meadows and pastureland
55% of the total area of Serbia is used for agriculture, especially for
the cultivation of wheat, maize, sugar beet and fruit.
In the north of Serbia is the largest swamp area in Southeast Europe.
The Dinaric Mountains, which connect to the Alps, extend in the west of
Serbia. In the east of the country, the Balkan Mountains form the natural
border with Bulgaria.
Longitude and latitude
Serbia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 42 ° to 46 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 19 ° to 23 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Central European Time (CET) applies in Serbia.
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest level of the sun in Belgrade
Belgrade lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 45 °.
If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Belgrade, on
June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1
(see position of the sun):
45 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that
the sun occupies within the year.
The highest mountain is Đeravica in the Prokletije Mountains in southwest Serbia
(Kosovo) with a height of 2,656 m.
Other high mountains:
- Crni vrh with an altitude of 2,585 m
- Gusam with a height of 2,539 m
- Bogdaš with a height of 2,533 m
The longest river in Serbia, which flows through the country for a length of 588
km, is the Danube. At Donaueschingen, the Brigach and the Breg flow together and
form the Danube from there on. At 48 km, the Breg is the longer of the two
source rivers and rises at an altitude of 1,078 m near the Martinskapelle near
Furtwangen in the southern Black Forest. From here to the mouth of the Danube in
the Black Sea, its length is 2,888 km. The second source river, the Brigach, has
its source in the Brigach Valley near St. Gallen, also in the southern Black
Forest. The Brigach is 42.7 km long to its confluence.
Other rivers in the country are:
- Zapadna Morava with a total length of approx. 308 km
- Južna Morava with a total length of approx. 295 km
- Ibar with a total length of approx. 272 km
The largest lake in Serbia is Djerdapsee with an area of around 163
Other larger lakes are:
- Vlasina lake with an area of around 16 km²
- Lake Perućac with an area of around
- Lake Gaziva with an area of around
A special feature is the approximately 60 km ² river island of
Ostrvo, east of Belgrade in the Danube.