Sierra Leone: Population and Cities
Countryaah website, about 7.5 million people live in Sierra Leone, which gives the country a
population density of about 73 people per km². The people are called Sierra
Leoneans, by the way. In the course of her life, a woman in the country
statistically gives birth to 6.1 children, which is enormous and is also due to
the fact that only 4% of women can use modern contraceptives. With an average
life expectancy of just 48 years - 49 for women and 48 for men - Sierra Leone is
one of the countries with the lowest life expectancy in the world, according to
the WHO. In addition to the alarming infant mortality rate (158 per 1,000 live
births), there is a high maternal mortality rate of 2,100 per 100,000
births. The number of HIV-positive adults is between 1.7% and 7% - depending on
the source. About 42% of the people in the country are younger than 15
years. Opposed to them is a small 4% group that is older than 65 years.
The population of Sierra Leone is made up of about 30.6% Mende, 29.4% Temne,
8.4% Limba, 5.2% Kono and members of other ethnic groups such as the
Bullum-Sherbro, the Fula (or Peul), the Mandingo, the Kuranko, the Susu, the
Yalunka, the Creoles (or Krio), the Kissi and the Vai together.
It is assumed that Sierra Leone is about 65% Muslim. In addition, around 25%
Christians live here, consisting mainly of Protestants, Catholics and New
Apostolics. Furthermore, about 10% of the people in the country are
non-denominational or follow one of the traditional African religions.
The official language of Sierra Leone is English, even if only a few educated
people speak it. Outside of Freetown you can hardly get on with English. 10% of
the people speak Krio as their mother tongue, an English-based language that
serves as the lingua franca for the majority of the population and is mainly
spoken in Freetown. If Krio is spoken very slowly and clearly, English-speaking
visitors to the country can even participate in a conversation. 30% of Sierra
Leone's residents state the Temnian language as their mother tongue. This can be
heard mainly in the north of the country. Mende, which is spoken mainly in the
south, is also very common.
Capital and other cities
The main and largest city of the Republic of Sierra Leone with around 1.2
million residents was called Romarong, "City of Lamentations" before the
arrival of the Europeans, and its dramatic name refers to those who crashed in
the strong storms over the Atlantic Sailors. For their part, the Europeans
called it Granville Town. Freetown is the seat of the Special Court for Sierra
Leone and, with its large seaport, is the economic center of the country.
The landscape that characterizes the north-western tip of the Freetown
Peninsula consists of tropical rainforest, swamps, mangroves and covered
hills. With its fine sandy beaches, the city has probably the most beautiful
beaches in Africa. Also to be emphasized are the many attractions of Freetown,
which are not very well maintained or marketed, but are definitely to be
visited. These include the De Ruyter stone and the 500 year old cotton tree.
Bo, the second largest city in Sierra Leone after Freetown with around 200,000
residents, acts as the capital of the Southern Province and the Bo
District. The city has a campus of the Njala University College (see below),
where technical subjects in particular are taught. The city is also home to
Christ the King College, one of the most prominent colleges in the country.
Around 160,000 people currently live in the capital of the district of the same
name and the Eastern Province, making Kenema the third largest city in Sierra
Leone. Diamond fields have been developed in the greater Kenema area since
1931. They represent an important economic factor in the region.
Koidu-Sefadu (also New Sembehun)
Koidu-Sefadu, formerly also known as Kono, belongs to the Eastern Province,
which extends in the east of the country on the border with Guinea and is
determined in its center by the main mosque. Around 90,000 people now live in
the twin cities, which almost degenerated into a ghost town during the civil
war. Like Kenema, Koidu-Sefadu also lives from the exploitation of the diamond
Makeni, the capital of the Northern Province and the Bombali District, served as
a power base for the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) during the civil
war. Today, an estimated 95,000 people live in Makeni, a city known for its
mosque and large market.
Sierra Leone: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Sierra Leone is located in western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean and covers an
area of 71,740 km². Thereof:
Around 28% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 32% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 8% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing coffee, cocoa, ginger and manioc.
Sierra Leone shares a border with the following two countries:
Guinea with a length of 652 km and
Liberia with a length of 306 km.
The mean tidal range in Sierra Leone is around 2.50. For detailed
explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is
located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova
Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On
the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic
Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely
noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Sierra Leone extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation
Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 6 ° 55 'to around 10 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 010 ° 15' to 013 ° 20 'west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Sierra Leone, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there
and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Freetown
Freetown is located at a northern latitude of around φ = 08.5 ° (08 ° 30 ')
and thus in the middle of the tropics. If the declination δ of the sun has the
value of 08 ° 30 'N, and so the image point of the sun is exactly above the
city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly
33 days after March 21st and 33 days before September 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination is north of the latitude
of Freetown, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in
the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like
us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is the Bintimani (Loma Mountains) with a
height of 1,948 m. Other higher mountains are the so-called Unnamed
Mountain with a height of 1,824 meters and the Sankanbiaiwa (Tingi
Mountains) with a height of 1,715 meters.
The longest river in the country is the Mano. Other rivers in the country are:
The country includes several smaller lakes. The largest of these is Lake Mape.
The largest island is Sherbro Island with an area of about 1,000 km². Other
islands are the Banana Islands with the main
islands Rickett and Banan Island and
the Turtle Islands.
Sierra Leone borders the Atlantic Ocean in the west of the country for around