Uruguay: population and cities
Countryaah website, Uruguay has around 3.5 million people.
Around 85% are of European descent, 3% are mulattos, 5% mestizos and around
50,000 Germans or people of German origin.
Around 46% Catholics, 9% Protestants and other Christian faiths,
30% non-denominational believers, 14% unbelievers and agnostics and 1% Jews
National languages Spanish, Portunol, a
Spanish-Portuguese dialect, is spoken in the border area with Brazil.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Uruguay is Montevideo with a
population of around 1.4 million.
Other large or important cities are:
- Salto with around 81,000 residents
- Paysandú with around 76,000 residents
- Las Piedras with around 58,000 residents
- Rivera with around 57,000 residents.
Uruguay: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Uruguay covers a total area of 176,215 km². Thereof:
Around 4% of the country is forested.
- Meadows and pasture land
Around 78% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 8% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
Around 70% of the country are part of the lowlands formed by the river system of
the Río de la Plata and the lower reaches of Uruguay. The other part of the
country is a gently undulating hill country on the border with the Brazilian
Uruguay shares a border with two countries:
Brazil with a length of around 1,003 km
Argentina with a length of around 495 km.
Uruguay has a coast to the South Atlantic and the Rio de la Plata with a length
of around 660 km. On the coast there are a number of impressive lagoons that are
between 39 and 181 km² in size.
Longitude and latitude
Uruguay extends over the following geographical latitude (abbr. Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbr. Δλ):
|Δφ = from 30 ° 05 'to 34 ° 58' south latitude
Δλ = from 53 ° 07 'to 58 ° 28' west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical
longitude and latitude.
For Uruguay, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is
later than CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.
The highest point of the sun in Montevideo
Montevideo lies at a southern latitude of around φ = 35 °.
If the sun, or its pixel, is at the southern tropic, i.e. at = -23.5 °, summer
starts in Montevideo. That's December 21st. Then for the highest position of the
sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
- 35 ° = - (90 ° - h) + -23.5 °
At 78.5 °, the sun in Montevideo has the highest level of the entire year
above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
If the image point of the sun (declination) is north of the
latitude of Montevideo, and this is the case all year round, the sun is not in
the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. The sun moves from
east to north to west, where it then sets.
Mountains or elevations
The Cerro Catedral - also known as Cerro Cordillera - belongs to
the range of hills of the Sierra Carapé and is the highest point in the country
with a height of 514 m. The mountain is located in the north of the Maldonado
department in the south of the country.
Cerro de las Animas
The second highest point in the country is the Cerro de las Animas with a height
of 501 m - in the range of hills of the Sierra de las Ánimas. The mountain is
located southwest of the Maldonado department in the city of Piriápolis, on the
Rio de la Plata.
Cuchilla Negra and Cuchilla Santa Ana ranges
Other important geological formations are the Cuchilla Negra and Cuchilla Santa
Ana ranges of hills with a height of 200 to 300 meters. These hills mostly run
in a north-south direction and determine the landscape. According to legend, the
explorer called Magellan - when his ship reached land: "Monte vide eu". In
Portuguese this means something like: "I see a mountain!"
The Río Negro is a 750 km long tributary of the Rio Uruguay, into
which it flows in the Río Negro department. It flows roughly from northeast to
southwest through Uruguay and is dammed up in the middle of the country to form
the 1,140 km² Rincón del Bonete. The river has its source near the city of Bagé
The Rio Uruguay has a total length of 1,790 km - with a length in the country of
around 300 km on the border with Argentina. The river forms the Rio de la Plata,
the river delta of both rivers, in front of its mouth together with the
Paraná. The river has its source in the mountains of southern Brazil, in the
Brazilian state of Santa Catarina and partially forms the border between Santa
Catarina and the southernmost Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul and then that
between Argentina and Brazil and then that of Uruguay and Argentina.
The Rio Yi has a length of around 210 km. It rises near the city of Cerro Chato
and flows into the Rio Negro.
The course of the waters in Uruguay is extremely irregular due to the low
gradient to the sea. The confluence of the Rio Uruguay and the Paraná - it does
not cross Uruguay - is the Rio de la Plata, on the northern bank of which is the
capital of Uruguay - Montevideo - and on the southern bank of which Buenos Aires
(Argentina) is located. For more details, see the end of the article.
Rincón del Bonete
The Rincón del Bonete with a maximum size of 1,140 km² -
also known as the Embalse del Río Negro - is a reservoir that is dammed up by
the Río Negro. The reservoir is dammed by the "Dr. Gabriel Terra dam". The
reservoir with a maximum storage volume of approx. 15 km³ is located near Paso
de los Toros and is used to generate electricity with an output of around 130
MW. The dam, which was inaugurated in 1945, was named after Dr. Gabriel Terra
(1873–1942) - President of the country from 1931 to 1938.
Other larger "lakes" are the series of lagoons from Punta del Este to the
Brazilian border. Their size ranges from 39 to 181 km².
Isla Martin Garcia
The small Isla Martin Garcia in the estuary of Uruguay is claimed
by both Argentina and Uruguay.
Atlantic Ocean, Rio de la Plata
Uruguay borders the Atlantic Ocean and the Rio de la Plata. The Atlantic with
its numerous tributaries covers an area of around 106 million km². A detailed
representation of the Atlantic can be found here >>>
Rio de la Plata
The Rio de la Plata (Silver River) is the approximately 290 km long and up to a
maximum of 220 km wide confluence of the 3,200 km long Paraná and 1,815 km long
Uruguay into the Atlantic Ocean. It covers an area of around 35,000 km². The
border between Argentina and Uruguay runs through the Rio de la Plata. It is
bounded by a 220 km long (imaginary) line between Punta del Este in Uruguay and
Cabo San Antonio in Argentina to the Atlantic.