Uzbekistan: population, cities
Countryaah website, as of January 1, 2019, Uzbekistan had around 31.6 million residents.
In Uzbekistan there are around 100 peoples, of which around 75% are Uzbeks, 5%
Russians, 5% Tajiks, 4% Tatars, 3% Kazakhs as well as Karakalpaks, Kyrgyz,
Turkmen, Koreans, Ukrainians, Armenians and approx.
affiliation 88% of Uzbeks belong to Islam, mostly to the Sunni religious
community. There are also Christians, Jews, Buddhists, followers of Bahaism and
followers of the teachings of Krishna in Uzbekistan.
In Uzbekistan, both Uzbek and Russian are spoken.
The capital of Uzbekistan is Tashkent, with a population of around 2.4
Other cities are:
Namangan with 376,600 residents, Samarkand with
362,300 residents, Andijon with 323,900 residents, Bukhara with
237,900 residents, Nukus with 199,000 residents, Qarshimit 197,600
residents and Khiva with around 30,000 residents.
Uzbekistan: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Uzbekistan is located in Central Asia between the Aral Sea and the Tian Shan
and Hissar-Alaj mountains in Central Asia. The country covers an area of
Around 4.8% of the country is forested.
- Meadows and pasture land
Around 52% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 10% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing cotton, silk, grain, rice, vegetables and fruit.
Approximately 80% of the area of Uzbekistan are deserts. They are the Kyzylkum
Desert and the Karakum Desert.
In Uzbekistan are the Tienschan Mountains and the Hissar-Alaj Mountains.
The Uzbek border is a total of 6,221 km long. It has a common border with a
total of five countries:
- Afghanistan with a length of around 137 km,
- Kazakhstan with a length of around 2,203 km,
- Kyrgyzstan with a length of around 1,099 km,
- Tajikistan with a length of around 1,161 km,
- Turkmenistan with a length of around 1,1621 km.
Longitude and latitude
Uzbekistan covers the following latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and longitude
|Δφ = from 37 ° to 45 ° north latitude,
Δλ = from 056 ° to 073 ° east longitude.
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Uzbekistan, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Tashkent
Tashkent, the capital of the country, lies at a northern latitude of around φ
= 41 ° (exactly: 41 ° 20 ').
If the sun, or its image point, is at the northern tropic, i.e. at Δ = 23.5 °,
summer begins in Tashkent, this is June 21. Thus, for the highest position of
the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
41 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 72.5 °, the sun in Tashkent has the highest level of the entire year above
the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
The highest mountain in the country is the Manas with a height of 4,488 m.
Other high mountains:
- Chod'za Pirjach with 4,424 m
- Adelung with 4,311 m
- Be'ster at 4,299 m
- Agalytau with 4,218 m.
Amu (Amu Darya)
The longest river in the country is the Amu (Amu Darya) with a length of around
Syr Darya with a length of about 2,200 km.
Tschirtschik (Chirchiq) is the right tributary of the Syr Darya
and has a length of about 155 km.
The largest lake in Uzbekistan was the Aralsal Sea, belonging to Uzbekistan and
Kazakhstan, with a current area of approx. 8,500 km².
As a result of the drying up, the original lake has disintegrated into the
Northern Aral Sea (4,500 km²), the almost tubular Western Aral Sea (4,000 km²)
and the Barsakelmessee in between.
Another large lake is the 3,600 km² large drainless Aydarsee (Ozero Aydarkul),
which gets its water from a drainage of the Syrdarja.