Vietnam: population and cities
Countryaah website, Vietnam has about 91.5 million residents. Over 70% of them live in the
approximately 9,600 villages in the country. But also in Vietnam, especially the
youth are increasingly drawn to the cities - and especially to the booming
former Saigon and today's Ho Chi Minh City.
- around 86% Kinh, Vietnamese
- around 2% Tay
- around 1.5% Thais
- around 1.5% Muong
- around 1.5% Khome
- around 1% Now
- around 1% Hmong
- around 45 others
- around 9.5% Buddhists
- around 6.5% Catholics
- around 1.5% Hoa Hao
- around 1% Cao Dai
- around 0.5% Protestants
- around 0.1% Muslims
- around 80% non-religious
Vietnamese is the official language.
English, French, Chinese, Khmer and other dialects are also spoken.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi, with a population of around 6.5 million.
Other large cities are:
Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) with around 7 million residents, Haiphong with
around 625,000. Residents
and Da Nang with around 500,000 residents.
Borders and coast
Defined by DigoPaul, Vietnam shares borders with 3 countries, namely to:
Cambodia with a length of 1,228 km,
China with a length of 1,281 km,
Laos with a length of 2,130 km.
Vietnam has a coast to the Pacific Ocean with a length of around 3,444 km,
excluding the coastline islands.
The following islands are in front of the country or belong elsewhere to the
Phu Quoc Island, which is also claimed by Cambodia, with an
area of 1,320 km², Cat Ba Island with an area of 354 km²
and the Paracell and Spratley -Islands.
Longitude and latitude
Vietnam extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 08 ° 36 'to 23 ° 20' north latitude
Δλ = from around 102 ° 10 'to 109 ° 25' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Vietnam, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus
sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Hanoi
Hanoi lies at a north latitude of around φ = 18 °.
If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 18 ° N, and so the image
point of the sun is exactly above the city, the sun is positioned
vertically. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 21 days before June 21st
and 21 days after June 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Hanoi, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but
in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
Area and land use
Vietnam covers an area of 326,797 km², of which:
- approx. 20% flat land
- approx. 40% mountains
- about 40% hill country
- around 40% of the country is covered with rainforest.
The highest mountain in the country is the Fan Si Pan with
a height of 3,144 m.
The longest river in the country is the Mekong with a total
length of around 4,400 km.
Other rivers in Vietnam are:
The Red River also called Hong Ha or Song Hong with a length of
around 800 km.
The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest natural
lake is the Ho Ba Be Lake with an area of about 10 km². The
second largest lake is the Ho Tay in Hanoi.
Artificial lakes are
The Hoa Binh reservoir is the largest lake in the country with
an area of approx. 250 km².
The Cam Son lake lies in the Bac Giang Provincz with an area of
26 square kilometers and 30 square kilometers during the rainy season.
The Dai Lai Lake has an area of 5.25 km².