Andorra Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Andorra: population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Andorra has approx. 86,200 residents.

Ethnic composition

The population in Andorra is made up of 44% Spaniards, 20% Catalans, 11% Portuguese, 7% French and 18% of other nationalities.


About 92% of Andorra’s residents are Catholic.

National languages

In Andorra Catalan is the main language spoken, with Spanish, French and Portuguese as well.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Andorra is Andorra la Vella with a population of around 22,300.

Other cities are:

Escaldes-Engordany with around 15,000

Encamp with around 10,000 residents.

Andorra: geography, map

Andorra is a landlocked country and lies between France and Spain in the middle of the Pyrenees. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Andorra.

The country stretches between 840 m (the lowest place in the country) – at Sant Julià de Lòria on the Spanish border and 2,946 m – the summit of Pic de la Coma Pedrosa. In total there are 65 peaks in the country with heights of over 2,000 m. The capital is Andorra la Vella, which is at an altitude of 1,000 m, making it the highest capital in Europe. According to Abbreviation Finder, AND stands for Andorra in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

The small state covers an area of 467.8 km². Thereof:

  • ForestAround 23% of the country is forested
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 44% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land
  • Arable land and fieldsAround 4% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing tobacco and potatoes.

The small state has a common border with a total of two states:

  • France with a length of around 57 km,
  • Spain with a length of around 64 km.

Longitude and latitude

Andorra extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 42 ° 25 ‘to 42 ° 40’ north latitude Δλ = from 001 ° 30 ‘to 001 ° 47’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical longitude and latitude.

Legal time

For Andorra, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = 0 h

More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Andorra la Vella

Andorra la Vella, the capital, lies at a northern latitude of φ = 42.5 °

If the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer starts in Andorra la Vella, this is is June 21st. Then we get for the highest position of the sun at noon:

42.5 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 71 °

At 71 °, the sun in Andorra la Vella has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (precisely: above the horizon).


As already mentioned above, Andorra has 65 peaks with heights of over 2,000 m.

Pic de la Coma Pedrosa

The highest mountain in the country is the Pic de la Coma Pedrosa with a height of 2,946 m.

Other high mountains:

Puig de Roca Entrevessada with a height of 2,928 m, the mountain lies on the border with Spain.

Pic de Serrera with a height of 2,914 m, the mountain lies on the border with France

Pic de l’Éstanyo with a height of 2,912 m

Pic du Port with a height of 2,903 m, the mountain lies on the border with France.

Tossa Plana with a height of 2,898 m, the mountain lies on the border with Spain.

Pic dels Pessons with a height of 2,818 m

Pic Negre with a height of 2,701 m

Rivers, lakes

Northern and Eastern Valira, Gran Valira

The northern and eastern Valira unite roughly in the middle of the country to form the Gran Valira.

Arinsal, Riu Madríu

Other rivers in the country are the Arinsal in the northwest of the country and the Riu Madríu in the south.


In Andorra there are no larger lakes worth mentioning.

Andorra Population