Angola Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Angola: population and cities



According to Countryaah website, Angola has about 26 million people.

Ethnic composition

The population of Angola is mainly composed of three Bantu ethnic groups: 37% are Ovimbundu, 25% Kimbundu and 13% Bakongo. Other African ethnic groups in the country are, for example, the Chokwe (also Lunda), Ganguela, Nhaneca-Humbe, Ambo, Herero and Xindena. The European minority (predominantly Portuguese) makes up around 1%.

Religious affiliation

The residents of Angola are approximately 50% Catholics and 25% Protestants. The rest are followers of traditional African religions.

National language

Portuguese is the country’s official language. Most of the residents speak Bantu languages such as Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo, Tchokwe and Lwena.

Social situation

Despite the great progress made in recent years, two thirds of the population still live on around $ 2 a day. The illiteracy rate was still over 30% in 2009 and the mortality rate of children up to the age of 5 was still 190 per thousand.

Capital and other cities

The capital of Angola is Luanda with a population of approximately 7 million.

Other important or larger cities in Angola are:

– Huambo with around 400,000 residents

– Benguela with around 160,000 residents

– Lobito with around 150,000 residents

– Lubango with around 110,000 residents and

– Namibe with around 100,000 residents

Angola: geography, map

Angola is located in South West Africa. The Cabinda exclave is located north between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo on the Atlantic Ocean. The country covers a total area of 1,246,700 km². Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Angola.


  • ForestAround 42% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 24% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 3% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing coffee.

Angola has a common border with a total of four countries:

– Democratic Republic of the Congo with a length of 2,511 km,

– Republic of the Congo with a length of 201 km,

– Namibia with a length of 1,376 km

– Zambia with a length of 1,110 km.

Angola has a coast to the Atlantic Ocean with a length of around 1,600 km. There are extensive oil deposits in the sea off the coast of the country. According to Abbreviation Finder, AGO stands for Angola in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Longitude and latitude

Angola extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 4 ° 22 ‘to 18 ° 02’ south latitude Δλ = from 011 ° 41 ‘to 024 ° 05’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.


For Angola, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, and a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = + 0 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Luanda

Luanda lies on a southern latitude of around φ = 09 °.

If the declination of the sun has a value of 09 ° south and the sun’s image point is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular to the city. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 35 days before March 21st and 35 days after September 21st (see position of the sun).


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Luanda, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north.

In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.


The highest mountain in the country is the Morro de Môco with a height of 2,610 m. Other mountains are the Tama with a height of 2,490 m and the Serra da Chela with a height of 2,306 m.


The longest river in the country is the Okawango with a length – depending on the author – between 1,600 and 1,800 km. It is of interest that the river does not flow into the sea, but rather seeps into the desert-like areas of Botswana.

Other rivers in the country include:

– Cuanza

– Cuango

– Cuando

– Cubango

– Cunene

– Cuito


The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest lake is the Lagoa Funda. Another larger lake is the Lagoa Kikuxi.

Islands off the coast

The largest island in Angola is the Mussulo Island. There is also the Luanda Island, which is connected to the capital by a bridge, the Cazandra Island, the Vogel Island Pair and other small islands.

The Atlantic

Angola borders the Atlantic Ocean in the west of the country for around 1,600 km.

Angola Population