Anguilla Geography

By | October 12, 2021

The approximately 90 square kilometers large island of Anguilla belongs to the Lesser Antilles. The flat coral island is a British overseas territory and has become a magnet for visitors from all over the world in recent years due to its year-round warm climate and long white sandy beaches. Anguilla is the ideal holiday destination, especially for divers. In the countless diving areas in the vicinity of the island, you will find numerous colorful coral reefs as well as several shipwrecks.

But a visit to Anguilla is also worthwhile for a pure beach holiday, in addition to 33 sandy beaches there are also many secluded bays. Numerous water sports can be practiced on the island, including water skiing, surfing, sailing and snorkeling.

Although Anguilla is entirely geared towards visitors, the island is never overcrowded, even in high season, and visitors can always find a quiet spot to enjoy the Caribbean sunset.

The overseas territory of the UK is very popular with tourists and travelers. It is therefore hardly surprising that in Anguilla most of the income is generated by the tourist infrastructure, services and, above all, by profitable luxury tourism. In addition, overseas banking in the offshore banking sector is important to Anguille.

The guests on Anguille became aware of the particularly tasty lobsters a long time ago. These used to be practically a staple in Anguilla, now they are an additional source of income. On Anguilla, the lobsters are not only used in the island’s gastronomy, but are also exported to other countries.
The ongoing construction of new hotels and apartments is creating additional jobs on Anguilla.

Anguilla: important country data for vacation and travel

Area: 96 km² (the main island Anguilla occupies 91 km²)

Population: 15,094 (July 2011, CIA). Blacks 90.1%, mulattos 4.6%, whites 3.7%, others 1.5% (2001 census).

Population density: 157 people per km²

Population growth: 2.173% per year (2011)

Capital: The Valley (1,440 residents, 2006)

Highest point: Crocus Hill, 65 m

Lowest point: Caribbean, 0 m

Form of government: Anguilla is a non-sovereign British overseas territory, internal autonomy has existed since 1980. The constitution dates from 1982, the last change was made in 1990. At least every five years, seven members are elected to the House of Assembly and two are appointed by the governor. The Deputy Governor and the Attorney General also belong to Parliament through their offices.

Head of Government: Chief Minister Hubert Hughes, since February 17, 2010

Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain since 1952, represented by Governor William Alistair Harrison since April 21, 2009

Language: The official language in Anguilla is English.

Religion: Anglicans 29%, Methodists 23.9%, other Protestants 30.2%, Catholics 5.7%, other Christians 1.7%, others 5.2%, unspecified or no confession 4.3% (2001 census).

Local time: CET – 5 h. There is no changeover between summer and winter time in Anguilla.
The time difference to Central Europe is -5 hours in winter and -6 hours in summer.

International phone code: +1 (264)


Mains voltage: 110, 60 Hz. Adapters are recommended as American plugs are often used.

Geography and Map of Anguilla

The area of ​​the main island is almost 91 square kilometers. The Northeast Scrub Island (approx. 3 sq km) and the northwest Dog Island (approx. 2 sq km) are among the largest minor islands. Furthermore, there are more than 20 small islets and cays in the area (including Little Scrub Island, Prickly Pear Cays, Anguillita on the southwestern tip of Anguilla, and Sombrero Island, 55 km to the northwest. Overall, the area of ​​the overseas territory is slightly more than 96 qkm.

The nearest islands are St. Maarten to the south (8 km away) and St. Kitts and Nevis to the south-east, 112 km away.

According to topschoolsintheusa, the island of Anguilla, consisting of corals and limestone, is largely flat and surrounded by long, white, fine-sand beaches. At 65 m, Crocus Hill is the highest point in Anguilla.

The soil is not very fertile and only has sparse vegetation.

The supply of drinking water is becoming difficult due to increasing tourism and a growing population.

Money Anguilla

Local currency: East Caribbean dollar, divided into 100 cents.

Currency abbreviations: XCD, EC $

There are banknotes to the value of 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 EC $ in circulation, there are also coins to the value of 1 EC $ and 25, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cent. In addition, you can pay almost anywhere with US dollars. In general, hotel, car rental and restaurant prices are quoted in US dollars. The East Caribbean dollar is pegged to the US dollar with a fixed exchange rate.

Exchange rate:

Currency converter at OANDA

Currency Exchange: Currency can be changed in the capital, The Valley (Barclays Bank and Scotiabank).

ATMs: there are also in the capital.

Credit Cards: the major credit cards are accepted in upscale hotels and restaurants.

Travelers Checks: accepted and should be made out in US dollars.

Foreign exchange regulations: There are no restrictions on the import of local currency. Foreign currencies can only be imported up to a value of 50 EC $. The foreign exchange must be declared. When exporting the currencies, the amount stated on entry must not be exceeded, there is also an obligation to declare when exporting.

Bank opening times: Mon – Thu 8 a.m. – 3 p.m., Fri 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.

Anguilla – Health and Diseases

When traveling to Anguilla, vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, and hepatitis A and B is recommended. For a longer stay and backpacking trips, vaccination against typhus is also recommended.

A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travelers (older than one year) who have been in a yellow fever infection area within the last 6 days when entering the country. This certificate is not required if you have only stayed in the transit area in the yellow fever area, and transit passengers who fly on from Anguilla on the same aircraft do not need a yellow fever vaccination.


Malaria does not occur in Anguilla.

Dengue fever

Mosquito-borne dengue virus infections occur in Anguilla. It is recommended to use mosquito nets and / or mosquito repellants to protect against insects.


HIV / AIDS is spread across numerous Caribbean islands, including Anguilla. Caution is always advised with holiday acquaintances; unclean cannulas, syringes or blood transfusions can also pose a great risk.


Schistosomiasis pathogens are found in some rivers and ponds, so avoid wading or swimming in these waters. However, in well-maintained pools that use chlorinated water, there is no risk of schistosomiasis.


In Anguilla, you should be careful about drinking water and food hygiene, otherwise there is a risk of intestinal infections. Locally caught fish and seafood carry the risk of algae poisoning. Milk should only be drunk pasteurized. Drinking water should be disinfected or boiled outside of upscale restaurants or hotels. Grocery stores sell bottled drinking water (make sure that the original cap is not broken).

Medical supplies

In the capital, The Valley, there is the Princess Alexandra Hospital with a total of 36 beds (Tel: 497-2551), while there are medical centers in The Valley, South Hill, West End and East End. We strongly recommend taking out health insurance for travel abroad. This health insurance should also cover repatriation in the event of an emergency.
When traveling to Anguilla, take a specially designed first-aid kit with you and protect it from high temperatures when you are out and about.

In addition to my general disclaimer, please note the following important note:

A guarantee for the correctness and completeness of the medical information and liability for any damage that may occur cannot be assumed. You stay responsible for your healthy.

Anguilla Geography