Argentina Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Argentina: population, cities



According to Countryaah website, Argentina has around 45 million residents.

Ethnic groups

90% Europeans (including descendants of immigrants from Italy with 36%, and Spain with 29%) as well as 3% mestizos and approx. 35,000 Indians.

Religious affiliation

90% Catholics, the rest are minorities from Protestant, Jewish and Muslim communities.

National languages

Spanish (official language), Italian, English

Capital, other cities

The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires, with around 3 million residents.

Other cities are:

  • Cordoba with around 1.5 million residents
  • Rosarío with around 895,000 residents
  • Morón with around 642,000 residents
  • Lomas de Zamora with around 573,000 residents
  • La Plata with around 521,000 residents

Argentina: geography, map

Argentina borders the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast, Chile to the west and Bolivia and Paraguay to the north. The country covers a total area of 2,780,400 km². Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Argentina.

Land area

  • ForestAround 22% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 13% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • PampasIn addition to Argentina, there are also extensive pampas in Uruguay and Brazil. The pampa is a grass steppe in the southwest of South America. In the pampas of Argentina, mainly cattle is raised. Argentina’s beef is considered a delicacy in Europe too.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 10% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing soy, maize and grain.

National borders

Argentina has a common border with a total of five countries:

  • Chile with a length of around 5,150 km
  • Paraguay with a length of around 1,880 km
  • Brazil with a length of around 1,225 km
  • Bolivia with a length of around 830 km
  • Uruguay with a length of around 580 km.


Argentina has a coast to the Atlantic Ocean with a length of around 4,970 km.

Tidal range in Rio Grande Entrance and Buenos Aires

In Rio Grande Entrance the mean tidal range is around 6.3 m.

In Buenos Aires, however, the mean tidal range is only around 0.9 m.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea. According to Abbreviation Finder, ARG stands for Argentina in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Longitude and latitude

Argentina extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 21 ° 46 ‘S to 56 ° 13’ S Δλ = from 056 ° 17 ‘W to 073 ° 29’ W.

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Argentina, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET.

Δt (CET) = – 4 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is located at a southern latitude of around φ = 35 °. If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = -23.5 °, summer starts in Buenos Aires, this is December 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun).

– 35 ° = – (90 ° – h) + – 23.5 °


H = 83.5 °

At 78.5 °, the sun in Buenos Aires has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Buenos Aires, and this is the case in Buenos Aires all year round, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.

The Argentine Pampas

The landscape of a pampa is generally understood to be a grass steppe in southeastern South America – on the Río de la Plata. The pampas are bordered in the west by the Andes and in the east by the Atlantic. In the north it merges into the dry forests and thorn bush savannah of the Chaco. The pampas especially extend over Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay and Brazil.

The pampas in the east receive relatively regular rainfall throughout the year, while the western pampas tend to be dry and low in precipitation. The pampas owe their fertile soil to the abundant loess here. Pampas Typical of the pampas is the extensive occurrence of loess, which has contributed significantly to the fertile soils of the pampas. Since the eastern parts of the pampas are relatively close to the sea, the temperature differences between day and night as well as summer and winter are not very pronounced. The parts further to the west, on the other hand, already come into the area of the continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. In Argentina it is one of the most important agricultural areas in which the world-famous and popular Argentinian cattle live and are bred.



The highest mountain in the country is the Aconcagua with a height of 6,960 m, it is also the highest mountain on the continent. The first ascent was made in 1897 by the Swiss mountaineer Matthias Zurbriggen (1856-1917). Every year around 6,000 people attempt to climb the summit, but only around 1,000 of them are successful. The base camp at an altitude of over 4,000 m even has a small infirmary. Up to 400 people stay there to acclimatise to the altitude before their ascent.

Ojos del Salado, Monte Pissis

Argentina also has the two highest volcanoes on earth, the Ojos del Salado – on the border with Chile – with a height of 6,893 m and the Monte Pissis with a height of 6,795 m. Both mountains were climbed for the first time in 1937 by the two Poles Justyn Wojsznis and Jan Szczepanski. At Easter 2010, the German Frank Husemann was the first to ride a mountain bike to the summit of Ojos del Salado.

Other high mountains in the country are:

  • Bonete, with a height of 6,872 m
  • Tupungato, with an altitude of 6,800 m
  • Mercedario, with an altitude of 6,770 m
  • Llullaillaco, with an altitude of 6,723 m
  • El Libertador, with an altitude of 6,720 m
  • Cachi, with a height of 6,720 m
  • Incahuasi, with an altitude of 6,620 m
  • Galan, with an altitude of 6,600 m
  • El Muerto, with an altitude of 6,542 m
  • Nacimiento, with an altitude of 6,493 m
  • Laudo, with an altitude of 6,400 m
  • Toro, with an altitude of 6,380 m
  • Tres Cruces, with an altitude of 6,356 m
  • Tortolas, with a height of 6,323 m
  • El Cóndor, with an altitude of 6,300 m


Rio Paraná

The longest river in the country is the Rio Paraná with a length of around 4,000 km – together with the Río de la Plata of 4,290 km. The river The Paraná is 3,998 kilometers, of which about 500 km are in Argentina.

The Paraná is created by the confluence of the Paranaíba and the Rio Grande in the Ilha Solteira reservoir in Brazil. Before it flows into the Atlantic, the river, together with the Río Uruguay, forms the 290 km long Río de la Plata on the border with Paraguay. The natural course of the Rio Paraná is impaired by numerous reservoirs, for example the following reservoirs in Argentina:

Pati reservoir with a water volume of 38 km³

Chapetón reservoir north of Santa Fe with a water volume of 60.6 km³

Yacyretá reservoir, near the city of Corrientes at the Apipé waterfalls, with a water volume of 21 km³.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • The Paraguay with a length of around 2,550 km
  • The Pilcomayo with a length of around 2,500 km
  • The iguacu with a length of around 1,300 km
  • The Bermejo with a length of around 1,064 km
  • The Uruguay with a length of around 1,593 km
  • The Río de la Plata is the confluence of the confluence of the Rio Uruguay and the Rio Paraná


Mar Chiquita

The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest lake is the Mar Chiquita salt lake with no outflow and an area of around 1,850 km². The lake is the second largest lake in South America after Lake Titicaca. The lake is located in the northern part in the middle of the country – in the province of Cordoba.

Other larger lakes are:

  • The Argentino with an area of 1,415 km²
  • The Viedma with an area of 1,088 km²
  • The L. Buenos Aires with an area of 881 km²
  • The Colhue Huapi with an area of 803 km²

The two lakes Lago Argentino and Lago Viedma are located in the “Los Glaciares” nature reserve. This park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Islands, Tierra del Fuego

Tierra del Fuego (Tierra del Fuego) lies in front of the country in the south and Argentina also claims the Falkland Islands as well as South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands for itself.


del Fuego Tierra del Fuego is a group of islands that is separated from the American continent by the Strait of Magellan and extends to the Beagle Channel in the south.

The entire archipelago covers a land area of 73,746 km² – the main island of which is 47,000 km².

In 1881 the archipelago was divided between Argentina and Chile.

The eastern part of Argentina is the province of Tierra del Fuego with an area of 21,051 km² and around 150,000 residents.

The western Chilean part are the Magallanes. The region got its name because of the numerous fires of the Indians on the Strait of Magellan.

This is where the Magellan penguin lives and digs holes up to 2 m deep in the rock-hard frozen ground to raise its offspring.

Islas Orcadas, Southern Orkney Islands

The Islas Orcadas archipelago, the Southern Orkney Islands, is located in the Drake Strait and is subject to the Antarctic Treaty and therefore does not belong to any country under constitutional law.

The largest island in the group is Coronación (Coronation Island) with an area of 457 km², on which a weather station operated by Argentina is located. Well known is Laurie Island with an area of 50 km², on which the ORCADAS research station, maintained and permanently inhabited by the Argentine military, is located. The archipelago covers an area of around 620 km². Its distance to the southeast tip of Tierra del Fuego is around 1,320 km in a north-westerly direction.

Isla de los Estados

The Isla de los Estados – State Island – is an approximately 530 km² large uninhabited island in the southeast of Tierra del Fuego. Its shortest distance from Tierra del Fuego is about 30 km in an easterly direction. Unsurprisingly, the island belongs to the province of Tierra del Fuego (Tierra del Fuego). It is separated from Tierra del Fuego by Le Maire Street (Estrecho de Le Maire).

Isla Trinidad, Isla Bermejo, Isla Anadna

The island of Trinidad in the southeast of the province of Buenos Aires – about 45 km south-southeast of the city of Bahía Blanca covers an area of around 207 km. Just a few kilometers north of it is the somewhat smaller Isla Bermejo and a little to the south the smallest of the three, Isla Anadna.

Beagle Channel

There are a total of three ways to get from the Atlantic to the Pacific in the south of the American continent. It is the Strait of Magellan belonging to Chile, the Beagle Canal or around Cape Horn belonging to Chile on the so-called Drake Strait.

The Beagle Channel is a natural waterway that forms part of the border between Argentina and Chile. It is south of Tierra del Fuego. Ushuaia (approx. 64,000 residents), the southernmost city in Argentina, is on the waterway. The canal is around 235 km in length from the Argentine island of Isla Nuova to the Chilean island of Isla Olga, and is named after the British sailor “HMS Beagle”, who undertook survey trips on behalf of the Royal Navy Charles Darwin took part in the ship’s second expedition from 1831 to 1836.

The Atlantic

Argentina borders the Atlantic Ocean in the east of the country for around 4,970 km.

Argentina Population