Austria Population and cities
According to Countryaah website, Austria has approx. 8.7 million residents.
In Austria there are around 91% Austrians and 9% foreigners without an Austrian passport – including 175,000 Germans, 117,000 Serbs, 116,000 Turks and 95,000 from Bosnia and Herzegovina. For example, 280,000 people are of Turkish origin. According to Abbreviation Finder, AUS stands for Austria in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.
In Austria there are Catholics (73.6%), Protestants (4.7%), Muslims (4.2%), followers of Orthodox Churches (2.2%), Jews (0.1%) and people without a denomination (12%).
German is spoken in Austria. Illiteracy is below 5%.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Austria is Vienna with a population of around 1.8 million.
Other cities are:
- Graz with around 236,000 residents
- Linz with around 186,000 residents
- Salzburg with around 146,000 residents
- Innsbruck with around 115,000 residents
- Klagenfurt with around 91,000 residents
- Wels with around 91,000 residents
- Villach with around 58,000 residents
- St. Pölten with around 50,000 residents
- Dornbirn with around 43,000 residents
- Steyr with around 39,000 residents
- Feldkirch with around 29,000 residents
- Bregenz with around 27,000 residents
- Leoben with around 26,000 residents
- Wolfsberg with around 26,000 residents
Austria has a common border of 2,650 km with a total of eight countries:
- Germany with a length of around 800 km,
- Italy with a length of around 430 km,
- Hungary with a length of around 208 km,
- Czech Republic with a length of around 360 km,
- Slovenia with a length of around 312 km,
- Slovakia with a length of around 90 km,
- of Switzerland km with a length of around 165,
- Liechtenstein with a length of 35 km.
Austria is a landlocked country and therefore has no access to the sea. The country covers a total area of 83,858 km². Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Austria.
- ForestAn area of around 3.92 million hectares of the country is forested area. That is over 46% of the total area.
- Meadow and pasture landAround 24% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Arable land and fieldsAround 18% of the land is used as arable land or fields.
- MountainsAustria is two-thirds occupied by the Eastern Alps. They are divided into the Northern Limestone Alps, the Central Alps and the Southern Limestone Alps.
Longitude and latitude
Austria extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from about 46 ° 20 ‘to 49 ° north latitude. Δλ = from about 9 ° 30′ to 17 ° 10 ‘east longitude|
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.
In Austria, Central European Time (CET) applies, i.e. the same time as in Switzerland and Germany, among others. The time difference Δt to CET is thus:
|Δt (CET) = 0 h|
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.
The highest point of the sun in Vienna
Vienna lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 48 ° N (exactly: 48 ° 12 ‘N). If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer starts in Vienna, June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
48 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °
|H = 65.5 °|
At 65.5 °, the sun in Vienna has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
Austria has 900 peaks with an altitude of over 3,000 m. It should be noted, however, that some mountains have several peaks. In this respect, the number of mountains is not necessarily identical to that of the peaks.
The highest mountain in the country is the Großglockner in the Hohe Tauern with a height of 3,798 m. The mountain lies on the border between Carinthia and Tyrol. The first ascent of the mountain took place in 1800.
The Wildspitze with a height of 3,768 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol. The first ascent of the mountain took place in 1848 by Leander Klotz from Rofen.
The Weißkugel with a height of 3,738 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol on the border with South Tyrol in Italy
The Kreuzerschneide with a height of 3,677 m is located in the federal state
The Teufelshorn with a height of 3,677 m is located in the state
The Großvenediger with a height of 3,662 m is located in the federal state
The Rear Brochkogel with a height of 3,628 m is located in the State
The Rear blackness with a height of 3,624 m is located in the Oetztal Alps in Tyrol
The Similaun with a height of 3,607 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol
The Große Wiesbachhorn 3,564 m is located in the Hohe Tauern in the state of Salzburg
The Rainerhorn with a height of 3,560 m is located in the Hohe Tauern in the state of Tyrol
The Große Ramolkogel with an altitude of 3,550 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol
The Schalfkogel with an altitude of 3,537 m is in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol
The Wazespitze with a height of 3,533 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol
The Hochvernagtspitze with a height of 3,526 m is in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol
The Weißseespitze with a height of 3,518 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol
The Fineilspitze with a height of 3,514 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol
The black wall with a height of 3,511 m is located in the Hohe Tauern in the federal state
The Teufelskamp with a height of 3,510 m is located in the Hohe Tauern in the state
The Hochfeiler with a height of 3,510 m is located in the Zillertal Alps in the state of Tyrol
The Zuckerhütl with a height of 3,507 m is located in the Stubai Alps in the state of Tyrol
The Fluchtkogel with a height of 3,500 m is located in the Ötztal Alps in the state of Tyrol
Hardly any other country is as closely associated with the Danube as Austria, so people spoke of the Danube Monarchy and meant the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy. And of course the capital Vienna is on the Danube. And who does not know the waltz “On the beautiful, blue Danube”, which was composed in 1897 by Johann Strauss.
With a length of around 350 km within Austria and a total length of 2,888 km from its source to its mouth, the Danube is the country’s most important river. The river crosses the German-Austrian border shortly after Passau and leaves Austria about 45 km from Vienna to Slovakia and forms a piece of the border between the two countries before it flows through Bratislava.
The two rivers Brigach and Breg flow together near Donaueschingen in the Black Forest in Germany and form the Danube from there on. At 48 km, the Breg is the longer of the two source rivers and rises at an altitude of 1,078 m near the Martinskapelle near Furtwangen in the southern Black Forest. From here to the mouth of the Danube in the Black Sea, its length is 2,888 km. The second source river, the Brigach, has its source in the Brigach Valley near St. Gallen, also in the southern Black Forest. It is 42.7 km long to the confluence with the Breg. The Danube has the following major tributaries – sorted by length:
|Left tributaries||Length in km||Right tributaries||Length in km|
There are also 11 Danube power plants in Austria.
Large cities on the Danube
The following large cities are located on the Danube:
- Ulm, Ingolstadt, Regensburg (Germany)
- Linz, Vienna (Austria)
- Bratislava (Slovakia)
- Budapest (Hungary)
- Novi Sad, Belgrade (Serbia)
- Russian (Bulgaria)
- Brăila, Galaţi (Romania)
The Enns is 254 km long and has its source in the Radstädter Tauern at the foot of the Kraxenkogel (1,735 m) in the state of Salzburg. It flows into the Danube between the towns of Enns and Mauthausen in Upper Austria.
The Inn is a 517 km long right tributary of the Danube. At Passau it flows into the Danube. It arises from several sources on the Swiss Malojapass – southwest of the Lunghinsee in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.
The following Austrian cities are located on the Inn River (alphabetically):
Braunau in Upper Austria
Hall in Tirol
Imst in Tirol
Innsbruck in Tirol
Kufstein in Tirol
Landeck in Tirol
Rattenberg in Tirol
Schärding in Upper Austria
Schwarz in Tirol
Wörgl in Tirol
The 295 km long Isar is a river that rises in Austria in the Karwendel Mountains in the state of Tyrol at an altitude of around 1,660 m and flows into the Danube in Deggendorf in Lower Bavaria. The most famous city on the Isar is without a doubt Munich.
The Lech is a right tributary of the Danube and flows through Germany as well as Austria. The roughly 264 km long river has its source in the state of Vorarlberg in Austria, then flows through the state of Tyrol and flows into the Danube near Rain (southern Bavaria). The largest cities on the Lech are the two German cities of Landsberg am Lech and Augsburg, where the Wertach flows into the river.
The March is a tributary of the Danube and has a length of 358 km. In addition to Austria, it also passes through the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Its origin is in Moravia at the 1,425 m high Glatzer Schneeberg in Moravia/Czech Republic. It flows into the Danube opposite Hainburg an der Donau in the federal state of Lower Austria near Bratislava – the capital of Slovakia. In addition to Bratislava, the larger city of Olomouc in the Czech Republic lies on the river
The 453 km long Mur flows through Austria, Slovenia and Croatia and partly forms the border between the three countries. The source of the river is located at an altitude of around 1,900 m southeast of the Murtörl (2,260 m) in the Radstädter Tauern in the state of Salzburg. Its confluence with the Drava is located near Legrad on the Croatian-Hungarian border. The Austrian cities of Loeben and Graz in the federal state of Styria lie on the river
The 225 km long Salzach is a tributary of the Inn, into which it flows near Haiming in the Altötting district in Upper Bavaria. Its source is located on the 2,469 m high Salzach vulture on the edge of the Kitzbühel Alps – on the border of the federal states of Salzburg and Tyrol.
The following Austrian cities are located on the Salzach (alphabetically):
Bischofshofen in the state of Salzburg
Hallein in the state of Salzburg
Salzburg in the state of Salzburg
Sankt Johann im Pongau in the state of Salzburg
Zell am See in the state of Salzburg
The Traun is a 153 km long tributary of the Danube. It rises in the so-called Traunursprung in the Eastern Alps in Styria and flows into the Danube near Linz – the provincial capital of Upper Austria.
The Ybbs is a 130 km long tributary of the Danube. It rises near the Mariazell pilgrimage site in Styria. It flows into the Danube at “Ybbs an der Donau” in Lower Austria.
The largest lake belonging to Austria and Hungary is the Neusiedler See with an area of about 300 km². After Lake Balaton, it is the largest steppe lake in Europe. A somewhat poetic person described him as follows: The large muddy lake with an average depth of approx. 1 m and a maximum depth of around 1.80 m lies like a large flat plate in a gentle, melancholy landscape, on whose fields sunflowers grow and vines that are precisely aligned militarily lose themselves in the distance. At the Seefestspiele in Mörbisch on the southwestern shore of the lake in the federal state of Burgenland, operettas are performed annually (2007 for the 50th time). Around 200,000 people attended the “Bayreuth Festival of Operetta” at the lake in 2007. The Hofgassen of Mörbisch are part of the Unesco World Heritage Site.
The largest lake in Austria is Lake Constance with an area of 571 km². The Lake Rhine, between Kreuzlingen and Konstanz, and the Untersee are divided by a border between Switzerland and Germany. The Überlinger See is part of Germany. The rest of the lake with a depth of more than 25 m is jointly managed as a so-called condomium by Austria, Germany and Switzerland. All three states have sovereign rights in this sea area.
Other lakes are:
- Attersee with an area of around 46 km²
- Traunsee with an area of around 24 km²
- Wöhrtersee with an area of around 19.4 km²
- Millstättersee with an area of around 13 km²
- Wolfgangsee with an area of around 13 km²