Bangladesh Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Bangladesh: population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Bangladesh has about 165 million residents.

Ethnic groups

98% are Bengali, this majority of the population is descended from the Indo-Aryan immigrants.

There are still 250,000 Biharis and smaller peoples living mainly in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The four largest are the Chakma, Tipras, Mros and Mogh.

Religious affiliation

Approx. 90% Muslims, approx. 9% Hindus, approx. 0.6% Buddhists, approx. 0.3% Christians and approx. 0.1% Ismailis live in Bangladesh.

National language

Bangla (Bengali) is spoken in Bangladesh and there are also several tribal languages as minority languages.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka, and has an estimated population of around 15 million.

Other cities are:

  • Tschittagong with around 2.1 million residents
  • Khulna with around 790,000 residents
  • Rajahi with around 416,000 residents
  • Tongi with around 338,000 residents
  • Sylhet with around 327,000 residents
  • Rangpur with around 287,000 residents
  • Narayangonj with around 225,000 residents
  • Barisal with around 210,000 residents
  • Jessore with around 202,000 residents
  • Comilla with around 175,000 residents
  • Nawabganj with around 167,000 residents
  • Dinajpur with around 165,000 residents
  • Bogra with around 162,000 residents
  • Kadamrasul with around 137,000 residents
  • Madhabdi with around 137,000 residents
  • Sirajganj with around 135,000 residents
  • Tangail with around 135,000 residents
  • Brahmanbaria with around 134,000 residents
  • Gazipur with around 131,000 residents
  • Naogaon with around 128,000 residents
  • Jamalpur with around 129,000 residents
  • Pabna Sadar with around 118,000 residents
  • Feni with around 114,000 residents
  • Saidpur with around 112,000 residents
  • Faridpur with around 110,000 residents
  • Magura with around 103,000 residents
  • Chandpur with around 102,000 residents

Bangladesh: map

Bangladesh is located in South Asia. The country is bordered by India to the west, north and east and Myanmar to the southeast. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Bangladesh.


The country covers a total area of 147,570 km². Thereof:

  • ForestAround 15% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 4% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 62% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing jute fibers, rice, tea and sugar cane.
  • SwampMore than 85% of the country is covered by alluvial plains. The south-western part of the country consists of the Sunderbans mangrove forests, which are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • MountainsLess than 10% of the land area of Bangladesh is mountainous. In the southeast of the country are the Chittagong Mountains.

National borders, length of coast

Bangladesh shares a border with a total of two countries. According to Abbreviation Finder, BGD stands for Bangladesh in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

These are the borders with:

Myanmar with a length of around 193 km and

India with a length of around 4,053 km.

The coast to the Gulf of Bangalen is around 580 km long

Tidal range

In Bangladesh, the mean tidal range is between 2.6 m and 6 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


Incidentally, the world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Bangladesh extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 20 ° 34 ‘to 26 ° 38’ north latitude Δλ = from 88 ° 01 ‘to 92 ° 41’ east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Bangladesh, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = + 5 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Dhaka

Dhaka is located at a northern latitude of around φ = 24 ° and thus almost in the tropics.

As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Dhaka, June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

24 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 89.5 °

With 89.5 °, i.e. almost vertical, the sun is at the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (precisely: above the horizon).


Mount Keokradong

The highest mountain in the country is Mount Keokradong with a height of 1,230 m.

Mowdok Mual

Another high mountain is the Mowdok Mual with a height of 1,003 m.

Rivers, Ganges

Bangladesh is crossed by numerous rivers, the country has around 230 rivers and tributaries.


The longest river in the country is the Brahmaputra with a length of around 2,900 km.


The approximately 2,510 km long Ganges is the holy river of the Hindus, in which ritual purifications take place and on the banks of which they burn their dead and then hand them over to the river. The river passes through India and Bangladesh. It has its origin in the Indian Garhwal – in the southwest of the Himalayas – by the confluence of the Alaknanda and Bhagirathi. In Bangladesh, it unites with the main Brahmaputra branch and then flows through the country under the name Padma. The river forms the approximately 350 km long and extensive Ganges delta – one of the largest estuary deltas in the world. is – before it flows into the Bay of Bengal. The estuary delta is famous for its extensive mangrove swamps, the Sundarbans.


The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes.

The largest lake is the Karnafuli Reservoir.


Numerous larger and smaller islands are in front of the country.

Among other:

Sandwig Island

Hatia Island

Kutubdia Island

Maheshkhali Island.

Bangladesh Population