Barbados Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Barbados: population, capital



According to Countryaah website, Barbados has around 286,000 people. The child mortality rate in Barbados is currently eleven deaths per thousand births. Life expectancy is very high with an average of 76.4 years, as is the literacy rate of 97.6%.

Ethnic groups

Barbados’s population consists of approximately 93% descendants of African slaves. Furthermore, 4% mulattos and 2.5% whites live on the island, who are predominantly of British and Irish descent.

In addition, Asians (mainly Indians, Pakistani, Syrians and Chinese) have settled in Barbados.


About 70% of Barbadians profess Anglican Christianity. There are also about 4.5% Catholics. About 20% of the residents of Barabados consider themselves non-religious.

National languages The official language is English and the Bajan dialect is also spoken.


The capital of Barbados is Bridgetown, with a population of approximately 110,000 (including the suburbs). The city is in Saint Michael whose name goes back to the Church of St. Michael and all Angels, built in 1641, which has been the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Barbados since 1825. The city offers numerous good examples of British colonial architecture. These include, in particular, St. Michal’s Cathedral, the Barbados Mutual Building or Harrison College and St. Anne’s Garrison. The city also includes the Deep Water Harbor (also Port of Bridgetown). It is located on Carlisle Bay and handles most of the trade with the rest of the world. The sugar produced in Barbados is also sent on its journey at Deep Water Harbor. In addition, the port acts as an entry gate to Barbados for the cruise ships of the South Caribbean. According to Abbreviation Finder, BRB stands for Barbados in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Barbados: geography, map

The islands of Barbados are located southwest of Puerto Rico, between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean.

Barbados has a coastline to the sea with a length of about 153 km. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Barbados.

Barbados is the easternmost island in the West Indies, north of Saint Vincent. Barbados is part of the Southern Antilles. The island is 34 kilometers long and approximately 23 kilometers wide.

Area and land use

Barbados covers a total of 431 km².


  • ForestAbout 12% of the country is covered with forest.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 65% of the island’s surface area is used as arable and pasture land. The main crop is sugar cane.
  • Meadowsapprox. 8% of the island is available for meadows and pastures.
  • ConservationAbout 0.5% of the area of Barbados is under conservation.

Tidal range

In Bridgetown the mean tidal range is about 2 m.


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada. It is up to 16 m there, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast, the tidal range varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, however, it is only about 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Barbados extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 13 ° 20` to 13 ° 03` north latitude Δλ = from 59 ° 38` to 59 ° 24` west longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

The following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than CET.

Δt (CET) = – 5 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest point of the sun in Bridgetown

Bridgetown lies at a north latitude of around φ = 13 °. If the declination of the sun has a value of 13 ° N and the image point of the sun is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens twice a year, roughly 41 days before June 21st and then again 41 days after June 21st.


Mount Hillaby is the highest “mountain” in the country with a height of 340 meters.

Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean

Atlantic Ocean

With an area of around 106 million km², the Atlantic Ocean is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific. It separates America from Europe and Africa. At 9,220 m, it has its deepest point in Milwaukeetief – part of the Puerto Rico trench. Its salt content is on average 3.54% (g/l). Its water volume is approx. 355 million km³. Coming from the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic to the coast of Norway and has a major impact on the climate in Western and Northern Europe.

The Atlantic includes numerous so-called marginal seas, and a distinction is made between the Atlantic and the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic. The Strait of Gibralta is certainly a very well-known connection between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, where it separates Europe (Gibralta/Great Britain) from Africa (Morocco). The Panama Canal connects the Pacific with the Atlantic for around 82 km. The Atlantic and Pacific meet at the legendary Cape Horn on the southern tip of the American continent.


Barbados is on the eastern border of the Caribbean to the Atlantic, which means that the Caribbean Sea is on the west coast and the Atlantic is on the east coast of the country. The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between the islands of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and other Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the “actual” Atlantic: Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba. The shortest distance from Cuba to Key West/USA is around 165 km. The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean forms the “American Mediterranean”.

Barbados Population