Bosnia and Herzegovina Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Bosnia Herzegovina: population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Bosnia-Herzegovina has approx. 3.7 million residents.

Ethnic composition

Bosnians 48%, Serbs 37%, Croats 14%, other minorities 1%.

(Since 1991 no official census has taken place.)

Religious affiliation

There is a composition of many religions in Bosnia Herzegovina. The majority of around 48% are Muslims, followed by Serbian Orthodox (around 34%) and Catholics (around 15%).

National languages

The national languages are Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian. After the fall of Yugoslavia, the various dialects were recognized as their own languages.

The Serbs use the Cyrillic alphabet, the Croats and Bosniaks the Latin.

Capital, other cities

The official capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina is Sarajevo with a population of around 400,000, of which around 80% are now Muslims. According to Abbreviation Finder, BIH stands for Bosnia and Herzegovina in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

Banja Luka with around 200,000 residents

Tuzla with around 134,000 residents

Zenica with around 128,000 residents and

Mostar with around 105,000 residents.

Bosnia Herzegovina: geography, map

Bosnia-Herzegovina has a common border with a total of two countries:

  • Croatia, with a length of around 930 km,
  • Serbia and Montenegro with a length of around 525 km.

It also has a 21 km long Adriatic coast in the southwest. The common capital of the country is Sarajevo. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Bosnia Herzegovina covers a total area of 51,129 km².


  • ForestAround 48% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 31% of the country is meadow and pasture land.
  • Fields and fieldsAround 15.5% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing fruit, vegetables and tobacco.

Tidal range

On the country’s coast, the mean tidal range is only a few decimeters. (For a detailed explanation of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow).


The world’s highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

The country extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from around 42 ° to 46 ° north latitude Δλ = from around 15 ° to 20 ° east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.


For Bosnia-Herzegovina, the following value applies compared to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δ t (CET) = 0 h (March to October: CET +1)

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Sarajevo

Sarajevo lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 44 °.

If the sun or its image point is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Sarajevo, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

44 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 69.5 °

At 69.5 °, the sun in Sarajevo has the highest level of the entire year above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).


The highest mountain in the country is the Maglic with a height of 2,386 m.

Other high mountains are:

  • Volujak with a height of 2,336 m
  • Plocno with a height of 2,222 m
  • Nadkrstac with a height of 2,110 m
  • Zelena Lava with a height of 2,103 m
  • Djokin Toranj with an altitude of 2,086 m
  • Veliki Vran with a height of 2,074 m


The longest river in the country is the Sava with a length of around 945 km.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • Drina with a length of around 346 km
  • Bosna with a length of around 271km
  • Vrbas with a length of around 240 km
  • Lim with a length of around 220 km
  • Neretva with a length of around 218 km
  • Una with a length of around 214 km
  • Sana with a length of around 140 km
  • as well as the Spreca with a length of around 112 km.



The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest lake is the Busko with an area of about 56 km². Other larger lakes are:

  • Bilecko with an area of around 33 km2
  • Modracko with an area of around 17 km2
  • Jablanicko with an area of around 13 km2

Adriatic, Mediterranean

As mentioned above, the country borders on the Adriatic Sea (Adriatic Sea) – part of the Mediterranean Sea – for a length of around 21 km.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Population