Denmark Population, Main Cities and Geography

By | January 27, 2023

Denmark: population and cities


According to Countryaah website, Denmark has around 5.6 million residents. Greenland, which belongs to Denmark with far-reaching autonomy, has around 56,000 residents, most of whom are Inuit.

Ethnic composition

Around 95% are Danes, 1.5% Asians and astonishingly only 0.5% are Scandinavians. The rest is distributed among different nations or ethnic groups.

Religious affiliation

Around 83% belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church; the Evangelical Lutheran Church is a state church and this religion is the state religion. Around 2% belong to other Christian churches, around 4% are Muslims and around 10% are not religiously bound or belong to various other religions.

National languages

The national language is Danish, which is related to Swedish. In North Schleswig on Jutland there is a German-speaking minority of around 20,000 people. Native languages are spoken in the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Denmark is Copenhagen, with a population of around 550,000. According to Abbreviation Finder, DMK stands for Denmark in English. Click to see other meanings of this 3-letter acronym.

Other cities are:

  • Arhus with around 250,000 residents
  • Odensee with around 144,000 residents
  • Aalborg with around 117,000 residents
  • Frederiksberg with around 89,000 residents
  • Gedse r on the island of Falster with around 1,000 residents
  • The northernmost city in Denmark on the northern tip of Jutland is Skagen with around 13,000 residents. From Frederikshavn you can easily reach the place with the privately operated Skagensbåne railway.

Denmark: geography, map

National borders

Denmark has only one national border with another country, namely with Germany with a length of around 70 km. However, because of the Øresund Bridge to Malmö, one could also speak of a border with Sweden. The length of all Danish coasts to the North Sea and the Baltic Sea is around 7,315 km. Check topmbadirectory for politics, flags, famous people, animals and plants of Denmark.

Plane, Hans Island

Denmark covers a total area of 43,094 km². With Greenland, the largest island in the world, the area of Denmark is even 2,218,694 million km². However, Greenland now has extensive autonomy.


  • ForestAround 10% of the country is forested.
  • Meadow and pasture landAround 6% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
  • Arable land and fieldsAround 60% of the land is used as arable land or fields.
  • Water areasThe entire water area of the country, especially the Sunde and Belte, is around 4,760 km2.
  • IceAround 85% of Greenland is covered with ice.

Denmark has only one national border, namely with Germany with a length of around 70 km.

After the opening of the Øresund Bridge, however, one could also speak of a border with Sweden.

Hans Island

This small island represents a certain curiosity. It is an uninhabited and vegetationless island with an area of around 1.25 km². Denmark and Canada claim ownership of the island. To document this, both countries have deposited a national flag and a bottle with local spirits on the island.

The island lies in the middle of the Kennedy Channel, part of the Nares Strait that stretches between Canada’s Ellesmere Island and northern Greenland.

The distance to the Greenland coast is around 16.5 km and to the coast of the Canadian island of Ellesmere near Cape Back around 17.5 km. In addition to Hans Island, there are Franklin Island and Crozier Island in the Kennedy Canal, which undoubtedly belong to Greenland and therefore to Denmark.

Tidal range in Copenhagen

In Copenhagen the mean tidal range is a maximum of 0.3 m. (For a detailed explanation of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow).


The world’s highest tidal range is found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada. There it is up to 16 m, with spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Denmark extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 54 ° 34 ‘to 57 ° 45’ north Δλ = from 008 ° 05 ‘to 012 ° 35’ east

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Denmark, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:

Δt (CET) = 0 h

In Denmark, Central European Time or Central European Summer Time (CEST) applies. You can find more detailed information about the time under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun in Copenhagen

Copenhagen lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 56 ° N. If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer starts in Copenhagen on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):

56 ° = (90 ° – h) + 23.5 °


H = 57.5 °

Thus, with a height of 57.5 ° on June 21 in Copenhagen, the sun has the highest level of the whole year.

Mountains or hills

Denmark is a very flat country, so instead of mountains one should speak of hills or elevations.

Yding Skorhøj

The highest point in the country is Yding Skorhøj on Jutland with a height of 173 m.

Other increases are:


The 170.86 m high Møllehøj and the Ejer Bavnehøj are only about 200 m apart at Skanderborg on Jutland

Ejer Bavnehøj

The Ejer Bavnehøj near Skanderborg on Jutland has a height of 170.35 m


The Himmelbjerg has a height of 147 m. It is also on Jutland – between Ry and Silkeborg. At the top there is a brick observation tower built in honor of King Frederik VII (1808-1863). King Frederik ensured that Denmark – with the constitution of June 5, 1849 – received a modern and democratic constitution. Among other things, it forms the basis of today’s Basic Law of Denmark


The Sukkertoppen on the island of Mön has a height of 143 m.



The longest river in the country is the Gudenå on Jutland with a length of around 175 km. The river flows into the Randers Fjord at Randers – about 40 km north of Århus.

Skjern, Sisa

Other rivers in the country are the Skjern in Jutland and the Sisa.


The country includes numerous, but rather smaller, lakes.


The largest lake in the country is the Arresee in the north-east of Zealand, where Copenhagen is also located – with an area of around 41 km². The lake is rather shallow with a maximum depth of approx. 5.5 m.


The Esrumsee on Zealand is located in the north of Zealand a few kilometers east of the Arresees. With an area of around 17 km², the lake is the second largest lake in the country and is relatively deep with a maximum water depth of around 22 m.

The Gribskov Forest is on its west bank and Fredensborg Castle on the east bank.


Tissø on Zealand is the fourth largest lake in Denmark with an area of approx. 13 km².


The Furesee on Zealand is the fifth largest lake in Denmark with an area of around 10 km².


is also worth mentioning the 5.65 km² Julsø (Julsee) with its four islands on Jutland. The lake is located near the Himmelbjerg, from which you have a beautiful view over the lake.

The maximum depth of the lake is around 18 m.


Denmark consists of more than 470 large and small, sometimes even uninhabited, islands.


The largest island in the country and at the same time the largest in the world is Greenland with an area of 2,175 million km². The capital of Greenland is Nuuk with around 13,000 residents. It should be noted that Greenland now has a great deal of autonomy.


The largest island after Greenland is Zealand with an area of 7,026 km², on which the capital of Denmark Copenhagen is located.

Other large islands are:

In addition to the following eight large Danish islands, there are a large number of smaller islands that are located in their vicinity and are usually easily accessible. On some of these small islands, a vacation is almost like immersing yourself in another world. Pleasure boaters and especially sailors like to visit the “Danish South Seas” with its around 55 islands, islets and holms. The sailing area stretches south of Funen, Als, Langeland, Ærø, Lolland, Falster and Møn. The Ertholmene archipelago consists of Christiansø, is Frederiksø and Græsholm and some smaller rocks together, around 18 km north-east of Bornholm.


from Jutland one can go in Sweden by car without the use of ferries to Copenhagen and continue on the Oresund bridge to Malmo.

Name of the island Surface Population Main place
Aero 88 km² around 6,300 Marstal
Bornholm 588 km² around 40,000 Rønne
Falster 514 km² around 42,500 Nykøbing Falster
Funen 2,985 km² around 463,000 Odensee
Langela 284 km² around 12,500 Rudkøbing
Lolla 1,243 km² around 60,500 Rødby
Møn 218 km² around 9,500 Bridges
Rømø (North Sea) 128.9 km² around 600 Havneby
Zeala 7,031 km² around 2.3 million Copenhagen

As well as the largely independent Faroe Islands with an area of 1,399 km².


Belte, Oresund


Belte and Sunden are straits, which in principle only differ linguistically. In the states of the Baltic Sea region and Norway, a strait is called a sound,

while in Denmark or on its borders it is called a belte. Great Belt The Great Belt (Storebælt) lies between the two islands of Funen (Fyn) and the island of Zealand (Sjælland) with the capital Copenhagen to the east. The Great Belt is between 20 and 30 km wide – with a length of around 70 km. In the south it merges into the Langelandsbelt between the islands of Langeland and Lolland. With a depth of 60 m for the Baltic Sea, the Belt is quite deep.

In 1998 the Storebæltsforbindelsen (Great Belt connection) was opened between Korsør on Zealand and Nyborg on Funen.

This connection consists of a road bridge with a central section as a suspension bridge – with a span of 1,624 m – and a several kilometers long “flat bridge” for road and rail traffic between the artificially enlarged island of Sprogø and Nyborg on Funen.

To the north of the road bridge, an 8,024 m long two-tube railway tunnel (Great Belt Railway Tunnel) leads from the island of Sprogø to Korsør on Zealand.

This connection has made it possible to travel via Jutland – without using a ferry – to Copenhagen and then over the Öresund Bridge to Malmö in Sweden.

Little Belt

The Little Belt (Lillebælt) is a strait that separates the Jutland (Jylland) peninsula from the island of Fyn (Fyn). The Little Belt is the strait between the Jutland (Jylland) peninsula and the island of Fyn (Fyn) in Denmark. It begins at Fredericia in the north and ends around the island of Aero (Ærø) in the south, where it merges into the Alsenbelt. This strait forms the westernmost connection between the Baltic Sea in the south and the Kattegat in the north. The “Little Belt” has a length of a little more than 40 km between Aero and Fredericia – with a width between 0.6 km and approx. 15 km.

There are two bridges to Funen near the village of Middelfart – the old railway and road bridge “Little Belt Bridge” (Lillebæltsbro) from 1935 and the motorway bridge “New Little Belt Bridge” (Ny Lillebæltsbro) opened in 1970. Because of the course of the local waters, the two bridges are almost at right angles to each other.

Øresund, Øresund Bridge

The Øresund lies between Denmark and Sweden and separates in particular Copenhagen and Malmö as well as Helsingör in Denmark from Helsingborg in Sweden. The strait between the northern tip of Funen and Trelleborg is around 90 km long – with a width between approx. 3.5 at Helsingör and approx. 45 km.

The Öresund Bridge is crossed between Copenhagen and Malmö by the spectacular Öresund Bridge. The bridge was opened on July 1, 2000. This bridge connects – together with the Drogden tunnel and the artificial island of Peberholm – Sweden with Denmark. From Malmö you can take this double-decker bridge by train or car without using a ferry, for example to Copenhagen, which is around 45 kilometers by road (as the crow flies around 30 km) from Malmö. Pedestrians and cyclists cannot use the bridge.

The length of the entire bridge is 7,845 m – with a width of 23.5 m. The access to the central 1,092 m long high bridge – the actual Öresund bridge – is via two ramp bridges – the 3,014 m long western ramp bridge and the 3,739 m long eastern ramp bridge.

The bridge is called Öresundsbron in Swedish and Øresundsbroen in Danish. This resulted in the official name of the bridge to “Øresundsbron”. The bridge is a so-called cable-stayed bridge with 206 m high pylons. The clearance under the bridge for shipping is 57 m.


The approximately 180 km long Limfjord forms a continuous water connection between the North Sea near Thyborøn and the Kattegat near the small village of Hals. This calm and safe connection is particularly popular with sport boat dumpers – you save yourself the trip through the often stormy Skagerak.

The largest city on the fjord is Aalborg with over 100,000 residents. Here the fjord crossed under the Limfjord car tunnel. aalborg is about 30 km west of Hals.

The following bridges cross the Limfjord: the Oddesundbroen, the Vilsundbroen and the Sallingsundbroen.

The Limfjord is relatively flat and salty. Its eastern part is relatively narrow, while the western part is wider and often widens like a lake. In the western part are the islands of Mors, Fur, Venø and Jegindø. The fjord is not only a popular waterway, it also separates the southern part of Jutland from the northern part, which has been geographically an island since the great February flood of 1825. The less common name for the northern part is Vendsyssel-Thy or Nørrejyske Ø (North Jutian Island).

Denmark Population